Child Labor Literature Review

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In this literature review, we are going to discuss the relationship of Child Labor and how can it affect relationships. Also does the family orientation of the child the reason why he/she is forced to work and what is the role of the government in helping to eradicate child labor?

Child Labor
Child Labor is a factor that impedes on a child’s ability to successfully transition into adulthood. It is recognized as the worst form of abuse and exploitation of children and sadly, it is really rampant today because of poverty. There are millions of children all over the world that are being forced to work by their parents because they are poverty-stricken. Gatchalian R.E., Lopez S., and Lumiqued R. (2006) stated that Child Labor refers to any work
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In addition, they may not develop good social skills and are much more likely to suffer from depression, alcohol and drug addictions and identity difficulties and become juvenile delinquents.
The most common reason why children are forced to work is because of poverty. According to Edmonds, E. and Pavnick, N. (2005), ILO’s Statistical Information and Monitoring Program on Child Labor, 211 million children or 18% of children from 5-14 years old are working, 60% of them live in Asia. Poor children and their families may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. More than one-fourth of the world’s people live in extreme poverty, according to 2005 U.N statistics. The intensified poverty in parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America causes many children there to become child laborers.
Low income poverty and poor educational institutions are the driving forces behind the prevalence of child labor worldwide.
There are many types of child labor; these are slavery, child trafficking, child domestic labor, debt bondage, serfdom and even commercial sexual exploitation. These are also called the destructive experiences in it and its worst forms.

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Agbenyiga, PhD, LMSW of Michigan State University School of Social Work. Their International instruments are The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989, The ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138), The ILO Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999 (No. 182), The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC), The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OPSC) and The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking on Persons. There are also ongoing movements to expunge child labor, these are Global Watch Against Child Labor, Stop Child Labor, SCREAM Stop Child Labor, Understanding Children’s Work, and Child Labor Research

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