Child Labour In Nigeria

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Child labour in Nigeria

According to (Anugwom, E, 2001).child labour is now a feature of urban dwelling in Nigeria where the sight if youngsters and children engaged in various forms of labour is quite common and normal. An observation has revealed that child labour has increased in Nigeria since the late 1980.To this end; the increase may be related to changing socio-economic structure of the country. Child labour is a situation where young children are employed to work on firms, homes, hotels, and firms. The practice is common in developing countries but is limited in developed nations where it is considered to be illegal and a violation of human rights.Gobalization has come to be the development force of the new era. The history of child
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Majority of these children do not attend school, and are given little time to play. Moreover, they do not get proper parental care or nutritionGrootaert, C., &Kanbur, R. (1995). More than 50% of these children work in drug trafficking, slavery, prostitution, as well as in armed conflict Child labor is unacceptable and a violation of children rights. Some developed countries boycott products or goods made by these children. Children should be allowed to enjoy their childhood and should not be allowed to work like adults. The practice is evil and should be banned by governments. A child should not be denied the right for education just because of poverty (Nieuwenhuys, O. (1996).
Children in Nigeria work for a variety of reasons. The most important is poverty. Children work to ensure the survival of their family and themselves even if not well paid. .Children is often prompted to work by their parents. The proportion of parent decision in Nigeria on child labour is similar to that of Pakistan which according toBuchmann, C. (2000) represent 62, while only 8 per cent children make their own decisions to work at time. A possible reason that makes parents in Nigeria to make their children to work is because
They believe that they can be profitable. Children in Nigeria contribute more time to their household than they deplete as compared to their counterparts in developed countries Wilson-Oyelaran,
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There are several possible explanations. For example, educated parents have a greater appreciation for the value of an education, whereas uneducated parents may simply want to believe that the human-capital decisions made by their own parents were correct. Parents who have the financial ability to forgo the income from their
Children in most parts of Nigeria still do not choose schooling for their children.

References:
Mendelievich, E. (1980). Children at Work. International Labour Office, Washington Branch, 1750 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20006.
Grootaert, C., &Kanbur, R. (1995). Child labour: A review. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (1454).
Nieuwenhuys, O. (1996). The paradox of child labour and anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 237-251.
Buchmann, C. (2000). Family structure, parental perceptions, and child labour in Kenya: What factors determine who is enrolled in school?. Social forces, 78(4), 1349-1378.
Wilson-Oyelaran, E. B. (1989). The ecological model and the study of child abuse in Nigeria. Child abuse & neglect, 13(3), 379-387.
Anugwom, E.E, (2001).globalisation and labour utilization in developing countries; the case of Nigeria.'(April,

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