Child Labour Literature Review

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LITERATURE REVIEW The advent of child labour can be traced back to the rise of the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century which brought a considerable change in the lives of the children. The rise of industrial units and urbanization paved a way for the children to engage in factory jobs and make a living of their own. As the children were weak and immature, they were easily targeted by the capitalists. The children were the extreme sufferers who were made to work long hours under vulnerable conditions with minimum nutritional facilities leading to the deterioration of their physical and mental development. Thus, it raised for an awareness of most of the thinkers to study the issue of child labour and to find out the possible causes and…show more content…
EDUCATION AND SCHOOL Santha Sinha, Chairperson of the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya (MV) Foundation (1998), conducted a survey based on the families of girl children engaged in farms as labourers and found that the girls worked 29.4 days in a month on wage work, the women worked 22.2 days and men worked for only 18.6 days. Further, the contribution of the girl to the family income was only 28.7%, of the women 28.3% and of the men 42.8% during that month respectively. Apart from working in the fields, they do the household chores such as carrying water, collecting fuelwood, cooking, cleaning, washing and taking care of their siblings which designates them as little mothers. They simply collapse unable to bear the body aches and pains as a result of such long day work. For most of the rural families, parents usually borrow loans from village moneylenders and to repay that loan, they engage their daughters to work. It is found that the employers generally cajole the parents to send their daughters to work in a promise of providing good incentives and gifts as well as guaranteed…show more content…
It found that the girls discovered the luxury of being among friends for achieving the purpose of joining schools. Some girls were also found with good leadership qualities and slowly became crucial opinion makers. They started to do tremendous work in meeting parents, arguing with them and also convincing their friends to abandon work. They also started gaining the courage to persuade their parents to allow them to study and at times they had to use their most effective weapons. Thus they sulked, wept, stopped talking, and refused to eat till the parents agreed to let them go. The parents sooner than later changed their minds when they saw the efforts of the volunteers transforming their daughters from workers to

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