CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS In traditional society the case of child labour is regarded as an economic practice because of the persistence of traditional bound society. Under the influence of modern outlook for development prevailing in the modern world use of child labour is regarded as a social evil. This holds true in the case of India where the practice of child labour exists both as an economic practice and as a social evil which is sought to be curbed by a number of legislative and administrative measures. Child labour has become a common feature of any third world countries to which India is not an exception and despite adequate efforts in the direction of relief and rehabilitation, the problem continues to grow in an alarming proportion.
According to the demand side, employers prefer to hire children because they are easily managed .In addition, they do not enjoy the same rights and protection as their adult counterparts. Developmental agencies have been continuously faced with the question of what could be done to better the lives and opportunities of these children and to help them get out of this cycle of poverty. This is with particular recognition of the structural underlying causes that are making children work at a very young age and in harmful conditions for their growth and development, and the demand and supply factors that continue to push these children to work. The problem of child labor has a lot of reasons but the most common causes are the poverty and the Globalization which leads to a lot of bad effects on the physical development and social
The International Labour Organisation estimates that “… 246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 were involved in child labour, of which 171 million were involved in work that by its nature is hazardous to their safety, physical or mental health, and moral development. Moreover, some 8.4 million children were engaged in so-called “unconditional” worst forms of child labour, which include forced and bonded labour, the use of children in armed conflict, trafficking in children and commercial sexual exploitation…” in the year 2000 . There are numerous reasons that leads to the involvement of children in work. The poverty, children wanted to exert their independence, parents’ encouragement as well as demand from the employers are the main reasons to the existence of working
Those children were very helpful in some jobs, because of the size they were able to and move in small places where adults can’t fit. Employers benefited a lot from child labor because children were hard working, did not complain about their low wages because they were given about 10 or 20 percent of the money that adults would get doing the same job, and they were able to tread those children just like slaves were
(1999) is of the view that child labor may have positive impacts but in some situations it affects negatively on the health and the development of the children. It is fundamental problem in developing countries. However, it is practical to observe the child workers in well developed countries as well, few of them includes in working in hazardous activities. In this study, the researcher revealed the profile of child labor in developed and under developed countries and principal occupations and hazards on it. However, the researcher described the policies that may be used to combat the menace of child
In the world today, as millions of people from developed countries enjoy the benefits of globalization through cheap products and services, around 150 million children from the ages of 5 to 14 years old in developing countries are involved in child labor in order to produce those products and services (UNICEF 2011; Basu 1999). They work in industries of agriculture, manufacturing, and even sex trade with the intention of helping their families undergoing financial problems, without realizing that this could lead to the possibility of harming their physical and mental development, interfering with their education (UNICEF 2011; Polakoff 2007; Rahman & Khanam 2012). Although poverty is still revealed as a strong determinant of child labor, other factors also play important roles; including illiteracy, lack of quality health facilities, employers’ attitudes, limited support from governments in the area of quality education for poor families and inappropriate government policies (Rahman &
In other countries, children are expected to work together with their parents.” In the U.S. it is uncommon to see children work in their early childhood. In other countries, their way of life includes children working with their families to earn money. Although some may think that child labor is not moral-friendly and decide not to buy goods made by children, it is a part of some cultures for children to work at a young
There are some perceptions related to child labors that happened in Indonesia and it reflected in the term used in around 1980s when child labors called as “children who forced to work”. The common reason is poverty, but if we take a look beyond that, it might be more complex. In Indonesia, the term of ‘child labor’ itself cannot be the same as the definition that gave by ILO which is defined child labor as work that robs childhood, potential and dignity of the child itself, as well as damahing their physiscs and mental development because in Indonesia itself, there is such a custom that work is good and it is part of their
In such sector, there are no safety regulations, or minimum hygiene standards. Some examples of works which form parts of informal sector are: street vendors, newspaper merchants, beggars, prostitutes, shoe shine boys and so on. There is little critical analysis on girl child labour in India. More emphasis should be placed in such cases for a better function of a society. In order to prevent child labour, parents should become more educated so that they can stop their children from being victims of child labour.
According’s to the statistics given by Indian Government there are 20 million child labour in the country. Current situation of child labour in India is worst. Children work for eight hours with very small break for meals. The meals for children are economical. Most of the children sleep over there, because they don’t have home, which is very bad for health.