More than one-fifth of children under the age of five in the developing countries face extreme poverty compared to 15% of 15-17 year old that live in poverty.It is appalling that children, as young as five years old are in danger. Specifically, Sub-Saharan Africa has both the highest rates of children living in extreme poverty at just under 49 %, and the largest share of the world’s extremely poor children, at just over 51%. 2 in 3 children suffer from childhood poverty, and according to Unicef, over 30% of Indian children lived in
The negative consequences of teen pregnancy and parenting have been well documented by public and private agencies, including the well-regarded Annie E. Casey Foundation. Advocates stress that teen pregnancy is a serious problem, because teen pregnancy is linked to many negative circumstances for both teen parents and their children. Around 40 percent of teen mothers receive their high school diplomas. Low academic achievement is both a cause and consequence of teen pregnancy. Estimates suggest that about one-half of all teen moms will receive welfare payments within five years of the birth of their first child.
Nepal is a little nation lack of the high quality of human resources. It is positioned 143 in the United Nations Human Development Index with very nearly 33 percent of its populace living in poverty line. Nepal stagnant in build up their human development index and also positioned as the third most elevated rate of child marriage in Asia. Poverty, absence of educational access, child labor, social pressures, and settlement practices are the key components driving the act of child marriage in Nepal. Also, it contributes more into the absence of Nepal high quality of human resource.
Mothers who get some education are twice more likely to send their children to school than those mothers who are not educated (UNICEF). However, a large percent of women in developing countries still work as housewives. In India, Nigeria and South Africa, more than 75% of girls from 15 to 24 are not engaged in paid work and are not looking for work (Chaaban& Cunningham, 2011). It is a waste of human capital. Moreover, making more women get better education would help a lot in saving lives.
According to UNESCO, Pakistan is the country with the 2nd highest number of children who are not in school, and two-thirds of these children are girls. Girls in Pakistan are more likely than boys to drop out of primary school, mainly owing to poverty. Only 54% of girls are enrolled in primary school, dropping to 30% for secondary school. Although gender equality in education has improved from 2001 to 2011, the World Bank still reports a ratio of 79 girls to 100 boys in primary and secondary schools. In this case, Pakistan must start giving girls the same education as boys in order to pull itself out of poverty.
Different cultural traditions are based on gender discrimination where men are more important than women, this brings many consequences one of them is early marriage for beneficial reasons between families, marriage is usually made without the consent of the women. This always manifests itself in the form of domestic violence and marital rape. According to UNICEF a united nations program that provide long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in development countries, said that “Women who married younger are more likely to be beaten or threatened, and more likely to believe that a husband might sometimes be justified in beating his wife”. It is detrimental for the family and society that a child grows in an environment of fights and discussion where he can see how his mother is beaten. This will bring harmful consequences for the society because we will be surrounded between young people who are potential criminals because they grew up without the education of their
But a big portion of girls get drop out before reaching Class 10. These girls are involved in various house hold activities or are forced to get married at a very early age. They have the potential to become ‘human capital’ and contribute positively towards development. However, in developing countries like Bangladesh, they are also one of the most vulnerable groups. In these countries, for only a privileged group, the period of adolescence is marked by sound
Yes, you are correct and this leads to the issue I will be covering today which is how we can protect children in India form child marriage. According to International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) Child marriage in India is one of the highest in the world with a percentage of 47%, which is almost half! So, why is there many cases of child marriage in India? Let me talk about the two major causes which are common in other countries as well, which are stated by Girlsnotbrides organisation. The first reason
Based on current projections to 2015, the adolescent birth rate fell from 59 births per 1000 women age 15–19 in 1990 to 51 births per 1000 in 2015 (WHO, 2015). However, teenage pregnancy trend varies in regional levels because of the variation of health determinants, population of adolescents and socio-cultural patterns. Much of the lifestyle, norms and economic status shapes the adolescent health outcome that significantly increases at one region and differs from the others. Child marriages is a primary source of income for most countries driven from poverty because of the challenging socio-economic statuses, yet hinders the opportunities for better education. Researchers claim that there is higher teenage pregnancy rate in developing regions compared to developed regions which is because it is proven that 95% of world’s adolescents are living in middle and low income areas of Sub-Saharan African and Western Pacific region.
The exact numbers of child marriages are not available due to lack of proper documentation, but it is estimated that 37% women in Pakistan are married below 18 years of age (ISJ, 2001, para. 2). When adolescent girls marry and are impregnated, they are in risk of death due to complications and pregnancy and childbirth. Married women, especially if they are young, are likely to be robbed of their opportunities and liberty. In addition to the evil custom that is called Vani, horrific violence and crimes such as honor killings, rape, acid attack, forced marriage, domestic and sexual abuse are common in Pakistan despite some reforms and laws that aim to prevent the barbaric