Child Morbidity In Pakistan

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Abstract
This paper discusses the socio economic determinants of child health and child mortality in Pakistan. In this for child health certain factors of child morbidity such as economic, geographical, demographic and environmental are determined. There was a positive role of economic factors (land and livestock) with child health. As more income leads to better health care for children. For child morbidity a multivariate analysis indicates that children under age two years are more prone to get sick. Also it tells that mother awareness is vital about preparing food and personal hygiene for children. Child mortality being one of MDGs goals are focused upon in process of development however Pakistan still needs to make a lot of effort to reduce
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Children health is being affected most by poor hygiene conditions, less awareness, malnutrition and insufficient health facilities. Morbidity is the result of poor child health. There are two diseases that are most common among children in Pakistan are diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. In this the focus is on different geographical zones which differ in the poverty and economic status, to see the relation between economic factor and child health and to see the effect of health care on child morbidity.
Child mortality is a major phenomenon related closely to the society’s level of health. Over last two decades there is a decreasing trend in the infant mortality rate in Pakistan. There are intermediate factors that lead to a greater mortality rate such as early marriages under age of 20 years or marriages above age of 40 years, low weight at birth, premature births and cousin marriages. Other than this there is high population growth, participation of female in labor force, improper childcare and low education level are also contributing to
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So they saw how investment in women’s education can have a positive effect on younger generations in making education decisions
Braid, Friedman, Schady (2009) took in consideration the relation between health expenditures by means of high income by female labor participation and infant mortality. They found out that GDP per capita has a negative impact on infant mortality- with decrease in GDP per capita there is increase in mortality.
Goujon and Wils (November, 1996) discussed on female education and how it’s important for development. As it also is inked to population growth and fertility, labor force skills and women’s status. Further they found out that there was high school enrollment in developed countries. It was also added there was a positive impact of population growth on infant mortality but it can also have adverse effects on survival of infant by population growth with respect to the lower income

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