Lactation or breastfeeding is the most important and preferred way to ensure complete nutrition for infants. It also aids mothers’ well being. However, most women lactate well, there are cases where women find themselves unable to lactate or there is insufficient breast milk that recedes as the initial phase passes. Nursing women may find it worrisome if they are not producing breast milk enough to support their baby’s daily feeding requirements. Low lactation levels can be due to excess interfering medication, certain illnesses, intake, stress, hormone imbalance or, inability to feed properly.
BREASTFEEDING ESSENTIALS AND FIRST STEPS Are you pregnant and planning on breastfeeding? Are you worried about the preparations and the process itself? These are your first steps on the ladder to successful breastfeeding. Breastfeeding is probably the most effective way to boost your baby’s immune system since day one. Nursing is the most natural way to feed your baby and it lowers your child’s health risks such as flu, diabetes, viruses and infections.
A number of determinants influence the women’s use of time like the crop cycle, age and social group. The diverse nature of women’s roles makes generalization impossible. However, the study clearly indicates an impact on the women and the child’s nutritional status owing to the woman’s time
They suggested that exercise during pregnancy decreased the appearance of high birth weight or macrosomia of babies. The result showed that women who lived actively have lower tendency to deliver macrosomia babies compared to inactive women. After adjustment for maternal age, prepregnancy BMI, education level and parity they got OR of 1.00 for inactive women, 0.74 for active women and 0.61 for very active women which contributed for a very significant p value (p=0.005) . Their result were supported by Tomic, Sporis  and Barakat, Pelaez  reports. Barakat, Palaez  documented a 58 % reduction of macrosomia with p value less than 0.05 (p=0.002)  whereas Tomic, Sporis  listed lower density of macrosomia in their study with (p=0.048) .
CHAPTER FOUR: DISCUSSION The objective of this study was to compare the magnitude of complementary feeding practices and stunting among under-five in the North and southern Regions/Zones of Nigeria. Complementary feeding is the major determinant of child nutrition after the six months WHO recommended exclusive breast feeding. Appropriate Complementary Feeding can be seen as an input that can produce the desired product(s) of good nutritional status or stunting as the ultimate outcome among under-fives. Mother’s education has been noted to be crucial in child nutrition especially as it relates to feeding practices. The proportion of Under-five stunting according to mother’s education shows the highest prevalence in both moderate
In the small preterm infant starvation for only just one day may be detrimental and where it is clear that enteral feeds will not be tolerated soon PN must be instituted shortly after birth. However in older children and in adolescence longer periods of inadequate nutrition up to about seven days may be tolerated, depending on age, nutritional status, and the disease, surgery or medical intervention. • All of the premature infants less than 35 weeks of pregnancy and most of the infants who ill term infants require full or partial parenteral nutrition whilst the enteral nutrition is introduced gradually (IV) • The percentage of the parenteral nutrition should be decreased as soon as possible by the introduction of enteral nutrition such as partial PN and finally it could be replaced completely by the enteral nutrition due to decreases or minimize any of the side effects from the exposure to parenteral nutrition
As part of the Safe Motherhood strategies, the VMP is expected to improve the access to reproductive health facilities, especially for the vulnerable communities. During the implementation of VMP, the positive effects have been revealed, particularly the increase of the uptake of contraceptive use among women in villages. In strengthening this effort, all possible effects of VMP on family planning services must be evaluated to identify and measure the impact of the program, both intended and unintended, in order to improve of the
Including oral health education as a part of prenatal care may improve knowledge regarding the importance of oral health among vulnerable pregnant women, thereby, improving their oral health and that of their children. The awareness among pregnant women came out to be low below 25 years of age.The awareness among pregnant women came out to be average above 25 years of age.When the results were compared of above and below 25 years of age the awareness came out to be nonsignificant with average awareness among above 25 years of
Breast milk is initially a substance called colostrum in its premature form. Once this substance matures, it will finally become the breast milk that can be used by babies. Breast milk contains so many living components that could aid in strengthening the immunity of the child (Taylor, 2013). In fact, breastfed infants in the United States of America have lower mortality rates as opposed to the ones who were not breastfed by their mothers. The statistics in developed countries were also similar in that infants who were not breastfed have a six times greater risk of dying in the first six months of life due to infectious diseases.
It was descried by Government of India that due to poverty, poor standards of sanitation, ailments, infection, lack of access to basic primary health care, poor standards of child care and lastly improper feeding practices. Hence holistic packages of services such as Nutrition Supplementation to pregnant women, lactating mothers and children below six years, health and nutrition education to mothers, education for children till pre-school etc are provided. Services under ICDS: Women and Children from the marginalized economic and social sections are the primary beneficiaries of this programme. The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz. • Provide Supplementary Nutrition to Pregnant Women, Nursing Mothers and Malnourished Children.