Child Nutrition Case Study

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b) Quality of child care practices and child nutrition
In their study of childcare practices in Ghana, Nti and Lartey (2008:94) indicated that the quality of childcare practices is important for child nutrition. They assess the quality of childcare practices by considering household and personal hygiene practices, child immunization status, child dietary diversity and caregiver responsiveness. Nti and Lartey (2008:98) reported a significant correlation between good caregiver hygiene practices with child nutritional status and morbidity. Hygiene practices included child, mother and environmental cleanliness. They found that children with more active caregivers who were more likely to complete their children’s immunization schedules, encourage
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In their review, WHO (2013:13) found that children who were exclusively breastfed, had risk reduction of gastrointestinal and chronic illness compared to those children that were not breastfed. Furthermore, WHO (2013:20) recommends that after the first six months, infants should receive nutritious, adequate and safe complementary foods while breastfeeding so as to continue growth, development and health. The nutritional impacts of breastfeeding are most evident during periods of illness when the child’s appetite for complementary food reduces but breastfeeding is…show more content…
These commitments include time intensive tasks such as carrying water and gathering firewood or other tasks related to household production. Other commitments include labour intensive tasks and economic activities such as agricultural labour, informal and formal labour (WHO, 1998:112).
Leslie (1988:1344) found that there was no consistent relationship between women’s work and child nutrition, in that since they are both related to household income, the determination of a causal relationship between the two is difficult. A child’s nutritional status may cause the mother to decide to work or the mother’s decision to work may affect the child’s nutritional status. Leslie (1988:1350) mainly found that the effect women’s work had was the introduction of complementary feeding practices earlier than women who were not working. Zahiruddin et al. (2016:49) conducted a study in rural Wardha district, India to examine the patterns of complementary feeding for women employed in formal and informal sectors. The majority of selected women were employed in the informal sector and worked in the farms. The results showed that women found it challenging to exclusively breastfeed their children. Therefore, complementary feeding was introduced as early as three months after childbirth so that women could resume work. They conclude that time commitments such as employment-imposed constraints on exclusive

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