Children born into homelessness can be at higher risk for infectious disease, stunted growth rate, and anemia. These deficiencies can be caused by environmental factors and poor nutrition(Hart-Shegos 2). In the novel, the Tillerman children all struggle to be accepted in school because of their obvious differences, likely caused by the time they spent homeless. They have experienced great hardships that they could not control, for example, their delayed development. This can be explained by, “Studies of pregnant women in New York City welfare hotels have shown their babies are twice as likely to weigh less than five pounds at birth when compared to all pregnant women.
As a child grows up it is harder to have good family management. As a child becomes an adolescent having clear family routines and also nurturing the child’s growing autonomy is beneficial (Antunes). Violence can have lasting negative impacts on children and having a family that cares for them can help prevent that (Antunes). The problem is it is hard for many parents in low-income communities to support their children given their lifestyle. Lack of parental care and nurture perpetuates violence especially if the relationships within the family are already abusive (Kramer).
These statistics are overwhelming due to the fact that child poverty affects all areas of their lives. Children exposed to poverty at such a young age are at a disadvantage in several areas; these children are at risk of low academic achievement, resulting in lasting negative effects. Our economy is not able to thrive if child poverty continues. Children living in poverty are also at risk of dropping out of school, being unemployed, and entering the juvenile justice system. Our government is responsible for ensuring that child poverty ceases to be an issue in the United States.
Growing up in a happy home can benefit children by protecting them from these social and pathological problems. However, the divorce rate in the United States is near 40%, meaning that many children are not living in happy homes. Children who experience their parents’ divorce also are at risk for mental, educational, and physical problems. Most spouses going through a divorce care deeply about their children, and want what is best for them. In some cases, parents will stay in an unhappy marriage in an effort to try to protect their children.
But there are psychologically as well as legally broken homes. Mavis Hetherington reports that in the year following the break up, children in broken families are more likely to suffer psychological distress, but in the long run they can cope more successfully than children in intact families where parents do not get along. Numerous studies confirm that most children are adversely affected by the divorce of their parents and the struggle of the custodial parent to provide for the well-being of the children in the absence of the other parent. Quite often the important element is not that the home is broken, but the process of disorganization and disintegration that preceded it. In a broad sense, family disorganization means a breakdown of unity, loyalty, consensus, and the normal functioning of the family unit; but, in a more restricted sense, a broken home is one in which the marriage relation has been severed or the children are separated from their parents and this has a great impact on the child’s
Children who experienced conflict‐related trauma and met criteria for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to psychological trauma, were often associated with poor school achievement and memory impairments (Elbert and Schauer, 2009). Indirect effects of armed conflict, such as losing caregivers and support networks are also damaging to a child’s well‐being and healthy development (Betancourt and Khan, 2008). Conflict often destroys informal social networks for children and disrupts community structures, and children may be forced to be self‐ sufficient (UNICEF April 2009). Children physically disabled through armed conflict may have health and educational concerns that will decrease ability to thrive and live healthy lives (Miller,
Homeless children face many obstacles that impact their well-being. 2005 reports showed children in poverty have: poorer physical health and development, mental health. Child who don’t have a fixed residency at night time, might get placed where they share housing with others. This type of housing environment is referred as “doubling up.” This living style is included by ED and other federal agencies, but not supported by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Lansford et al, 2002). Studies centered around child abuse have shown that the emotional distress caused during the time they were abused often follows them into their later years of adulthood. During childhood years, however, the biggest causation of abuse was the overuse of physical and emotional punishment instead of a strongly implemented rewards system during discipline. Though rewards are commonly used in school systems to encourage good behavior in children, the most common form of discipline in households are punishments. Because of this, the abuse, often found in the overuse of punishments such as coercion, public humiliation, spanking or other types of physical harming, time out or confinement, and yelling, can have long term effect and are more likely leave emotional
Education is a very important aspect in an individual's life. Yet, some children cannot get a proper education due to certain circumstances in their lives. According to the National Center for Homeless Education [NCHE], about one million children suffer from homelessness in the United States each year. Children living in temporary situations suffer many things in life compared to normal children, for example, homelessness, which means they don't have a fixed, regular home due to loss of housing, economic problems, or others. Some of these children suffered parental abuse, abandonment, emancipation, or outgrowing the foster system.
Physically, children can suffer from brain injury, mental retardation, concussion, seizures, and it may lead to death. If abuse is used during someone’s childhood it may cause borderline, narcissistic, histrionic personality disorder. Older people may suffer from other symptoms like neurological, musculoskeletal, respiratory, heart, and gastrointestinal ailments. Sometimes adults or friends can tell when people are being abused at home or in a relationship. They most likely will avoid or overly please the abuser, perform poorly in school performances, get angry quicker or easier, cry, have anxiety, complain about their lives, be antisocial, and they might even express their sad or suicidal thoughts (Child Abuse & Neglect: Facts on Statistics & Symptoms”).
On the other hand, The Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 have arguable been successful by reducing the number anti-social behaviour of young people and improved social inclusion by re-contextualized the ideas of social responsibility. whereby the individual has to faced punishment However, reference have noted that the management of parenting contracts; and the power to impose these legislation on some individuals, have result in a criminalisation of young people and families of lower socio-economic
Dear Class According to the PowerPoint presentation, children under the age of 18 represent the largest age demographic of poverty in the US (Crossom-Tower, 2013, slide 4). Child abuse and neglect are deeply intertwined with family poverty. Family poverty has its roots in homelessness, income inequality, unemployment, and a lack of governmental safety nets (Crossom-Tower, 2013, slide 4). In fact, child poverty has grown to epidemic proportions, and the government seemingly cannot respond quickly enough with programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), minimum wage increases, and State Child Health Insurance Programs -- among other remedies (Crossom-Tower, 2013, slide 9).