Erikson's Five Stages Of Cognitive Development

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DESCRIPTION OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Child psychology is a branch in mainstream psychology that focuses and works on the psychological issues of infants, toddlers and young adults within their social context. It pays special importance to the basic social and psychological needs of the adolescents and brings into consideration factors that affect them such as family, school, relatives etc. A main feature of child psychology is to understand the cognitive development, adaptation to social settings and health status of children and adolescents. SKILLS AND PROCEDURES UTILISED: Clinical child psychology employs a wide range of procedures and skills addressing the population of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents. Essential skills and procedures include: A child psychologist uses the technique of assessment which is to evaluate the psychosocial, cognitive, intellectual capacity of the child. Another technique is intervention and consultation with other psychiatrists working with children. They also help develop prevention programs for problems such as bullying, teen pregnancy and addictions. ERIC ERIKSON’S STAGES OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN: Just as Jean Piaget stated five stages of cognitive development of adults, Eric Erikson stated that children also pass through a series of psycho social development and that until and unless the…show more content…
The difference is that developmental psychologists revolve around the maturation and aging process, for example, a child psychologist would be interested in the performance of a child on his test where as a developmental psychologist would rather be concerned in the different age groups performing differently on a certain given test. The three goals of developmental psychology are to describe, explain, and to optimize development (Baltes, Reese, & Lipsitt,

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