Child Social Work

1447 Words6 Pages
The roots of social work are traced to the trend of struggling with poverty and the corresponding problems and thus social work is closely connected to charity work, but it is much broader. The concept of charity dates back to the ancient world and as the tradition of providing for those in need is followed in all the major religions of the world. However as a special professional and nationally urgent activity it developed in the nineteenth century. The problem of protecting the rights and interests of orphans and children left without parental care, today not only has not lost its relevance but has become particularly acute. In Russia there exist the phenomenon of social orphanhood. Ninety percent of children in difficult life situation -…show more content…
At present there are a number of ministries which share the responsibility of caring for families and the children and as a result their policies and measures being developed and introduced appear to be ineffective and inconsistent and it is evident that the objectives and tasks are duplicated. Children's after-orphanage adaptation is also a very important issue. The period of transition from childhood to adulthood is difficult for any child, and especially orphans, who grew up in a children's institution on full state support in particular, in almost isolated world. Most of the graduates of orphanages have features that greatly complicate their own…show more content…
The main directions of research and discussion in the given field concerned the placement of children and their social adaptation, health care for this category of population is also of special importance. For a long time, the orphans, and above all graduates have not been the subject of intense scientific research, while their problem in recent years is extremely complicated and has acquired an acute socio-economic and social significance. One of the closely adjacent problems is a health problem. Studies of children in orphanages have shown that orphans have no perfectly healthy children. Their physical and mental disorders are often associated with the unfavorable factors of heredity. Inevitable and psychological trauma caused by the absence of parents. Deficiency of maternal care followed by mental deprivation in orphan institutions care affect their social, mental, physical health. The orphanages are unable to provide full mental development of children orphaned
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