Childhood Situation Analysis

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Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Situation Analysis For every stage of development there are critical periods which affect the development of the individual (Papalia & Olds, 2009). Specifically, childhood is one of these stages. Childhood years, from ages of nine-12 years old, are very crucial and fragile in the development of an individual for it is in this stage when they begin to be aware of negative feelings. These are the times when children experience fears, phobias, anxiety, problems and issues that would affect their future development. According to Erikson, when children equate their own abilities to those of their peers, they build a sense of who they are. If they feel inadequate, they may isolate themselves (Child Development Institute, 2015). Children at this age are becoming more conscious of themselves as individuals. They work hard at being responsible, being good and doing is right. They are now more reasonable to share and cooperate. MedlinePlus (2013) listed some perceptual cognitive developmental traits specific for this age group. Children understand the concepts of space and time in more logical, practical ways. They gain a better grasp of cause and effect, and of calendar time. At this stage, children are eager to learn and finish more complex skills like reading, writing and telling time. They also get to form moral values, identify cultural and individual differences and are able to accomplish most of their personal needs and grooming with minimal
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