There are an enormous number of theories about how people learn, assimilate and understand new information. Two of the main theories that underpin Scottish Education and the Broad General Education are Cognitive and Social Constructivism. Both theories emphasise the importance of group or co-operative learning and a progression beyond that of the archetypal classroom whereby the teacher stands at the front of the class and lectures the students. Whereas Cognitive Constructivism allows for learning to take place between the learner and the environment, Social Constructivism also argues that learning is framed through culture, social interaction and the Zone of Proximal Development whereby learning occurs through interaction with a more knowledgeable
Early childhood education generally means an education before the child start of formal schooling or before the age they required to attend the school. It is crucial stage of life in development the physical, intellectual, emotional and social lifestyle of the children. For the basic education method the approach must base on their prior knowledge and practice is called “constructivism”. Social constructivism is the one of the theories of learning and pedagogy that had the utmost impact on tutoring and curriculum design because they seem to be the most conducive to integration into current educational approaches.
Should we teach the flat-earth theory in public high schools? Of course not, right? But shouldn’t schools give students both sides of this debate and teach the controversy? Well no, because there is no controversy, except in the heads of the flat-earthers. A similar feud is currently going on over whether intelligent design, another psuedoscientific “theory” should be taught in public school. Shockingly, the nonsensical argument laid out above seems to be the strongest case the intelligent design crowd seems to have in favor of their position.
John Calvin sparked a theological revolution when he introduced the practice of Calvinism during the 14th century. This ideology suggested spiritual predestination: a conclusion that man had already been picked to go to Hell or Heaven before his life had even begun. While only a few are safe from doom, Calvin’s argument established that the majority of mankind comes into this world already wicked. Humans are not born evil, for their brain does not have any type of moral comprehension or cognitive understanding of evil at the beginning. Evil grows as a product of the environment and the choices made by a person to perform wicked acts.
In Dangling Particles, Lisa Randall argues that the lack of good communication between scientists and the public leads to misunderstandings and problems; therefore, communicating clearly and genuinely is essential for scientific development because science matters to all people. The use of terminology in scientific articles is the main factor leading to miscommunications. Many scientific articles use difficult terms that are unclear to common people because not everyone has a background in science. For instance, the term “Global Warming” had lead to many debates because people had thought that this meant the earth is getting warmer. That’s why the term was changed to “Climate Change” in order to avoid misunderstandings. So, it is very important
I saw empathy as being the same emotion as sympathy. I didn’t think there was much of a difference until we started to define both terms and found ourselves relating to the text read for class. Reading these texts, The Woman Worrier by Maxine Hong Kingston and Oryx and Crake by Margret Atwood, have helped me to understand that empathy is how we connect to the text topics. Sympathy is to feel for the person while empathy is feeling what the person feels.
Science is a study that brings together people from all different realms. It provides people a chance to get involved, and expand human understanding of the universe. In Disrupting Science, by Kelly Moore, a new perspective on this seemingly spectacular opportunity that is science is provided to readers. Their eyes are opened up to the non-scientists, and how they as a group shaped the world. With strategically placed word choice, figurative language, structural evidence, and key ideas, Moore concludes her enticing book in a way that captivates readers, and looks forward to the future for a science for everyone.
My major is Early Childhood Education and I am looking forward to teaching pre-k. For my first clinical I was sent to Hilldale Elementary School, located in Putnam City. I was paired with Yolanda Castellanos and her pre-k class. She has a class with about 24 students in it. Almost 3 of the students won’t be at school in a given week. About 70 percent of the students in her classroom are Hispanic.
Bring science to life – the best way for learners to be interested in science is to bring life amazing experiments which will grasp their interest. Children and very curious so amazing experiments is a number one way to motivate learners to love science.
Children of poverty are faced with many challenges in life. Educationally these challenges at times are amplified due to the environment, resources, and conditions the children encounter. Do students who come from impoverished backgrounds need to be taught differently in order to be successful learners? If we look at the Constructivism Theory, one would think so. This theory’s main concept is “that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. When we encounter something new, we have to reconcile it with our previous ideas and experience, maybe changing what we believe, or maybe discarding the new information as irrelevant (www.learning-theories.com/constructivism).”
Science constantly undergoes change. It is the nature of science to constantly change and progress as many scientists and researchers work continuously towards proving or disproving a vast range of hypotheses. There are often new facts discovered and sometimes new findings disprove what was previously accepted. This continuous progress has been partly responsible for the creation of misconceptions as older education systems would have taught what was scientifically accepted at the time, even though it may have been disproved later. (Niiniluoto, 2015) This cycle, along with the spread of myths, legends and folklore are partly responsible for the creation of many misconceptions in the field of life sciences and biology. Conceptual
A way to encourage scientific enquiry in the classroom is through the use of practical investigations. In the context of thinking and working scientifically, investigations are activities where children can use their conceptual understanding and knowledge of science to find solutions to problems and questions (Skamp, 2012). Supported by Ward et al. (2006) who say that the term investigation is used for activities requiring children to make choices about what to change and measure. Instances where science lessons are practical and focus on the development skills linked with scientific enquiry and where emphasis was placed on the children carrying out investigations independently, were the most beneficial (Ofsted 2010). Osborne and Collins (2000) support this, saying how pupils enjoy opportunities for practical work and
Behaviourism assumes that a learner is fundamentally flaccid, replying to environmental incentives. Behaviour theorists states learning as nothing more than the attainment of new behaviour. In this theory Language acquisition is the result of stimulus-response activities where factors that facilitate are imitation, replication, reward and reinforcement.