Bronfenbenner's Ecological Theory

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As we all know that at the birth all the child are same but as they grow, their behavior changes. All the children become different in their behavior. So, what are the things that affect the child while their development and make them differ from others. I remind a sentence of movie, Taare Zameen Par, it says that, “Every child is special”. I agree that every child is special, but why they are special in their own way. What makes child grow in different manner?
To get the answer, we need to know the different aspects of development in child. Here I am using the Urie Bronfenbenner’s Perspective to understand the aspect of child development. Bronfenbenner has given the Ecological theory to help us understand the child’s situation while their
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But there are more components which affects the child indirectly. So, the third system defined in the ecological theory was the Exosystem. A type of system of which the child is not active participant but every changes or everything happens there affect the child somewhere indirectly. Like, work places of parents, school board, local government, neighbourhood etc. For example, when the teachers goes on protest and schools are closed then the learning development of child is affected but child is nowhere the part of protest neither the teacher’s intention is to effect the child. Another ground level example is that when father in their job is overloaded with works and he always behaves irritated in home. The child get negative feeling about this although he is not the part of his father’s job but it affects him…show more content…
Like, Culture, Values, Laws, Customs, etc. All these are the parts of Macrosystem. The type of macrosystem surrounding a child affects him directly. A child growing in his own kind of cultures and values follows the same things. In my point, this is the main context which makes people different as they grow older. The type of society in which a child grows, he follows the customs, cultures and values of that society. It makes their point of view, their mindset according to the social activities. To understand this we have to take the example of two children grown up in different form of society and culture. As this is the broad area, I want to compare the children of my village and the city, Bangalore. In my village children talk in group about the festivals and fairs whereas in Bangalore when I visited to school, I found children talking about cartoon network and discovery channels and video games on computer. In this form the children of village are rich in traditional culture whereas the children of city are rich in technology. So this the broader contrast of modern and traditional culture. Although the children of both places are learning and developing but the way of development is different. In my village children get holidays in every festivals, so indulging in the festivals they are developing by knowing that festivals are important. But in city, children get less holidays, they don’t
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