China Air Pollution Case Study

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Reducing the Problem of Air Pollution in China’s Industrial

Reducing the Problem of Air Pollution in China’s Industrial
Air pollution has become a major worldwide concern because of its adverse effects to the global economics. Pollution in one corner of the world affects all countries since it leads to global warming, where all nations suffer equally. The aim of this report is to establish the causes of air pollution in China industrial cities and come up with solutions that can reduce emissions of harmful gases in the country. It has been established that China has become one of the major polluters of the atmosphere, which can effectively be explained by the amount of industrial activity and a large population
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This is according to a study that was done in 2006, which established that China has overtaken the USA, and has remained the biggest emitter since then. This can be explained by rapid industrial revolution in China, which has gained popularity in the country. China has abundant amounts of coal, and burns more than 50% of the total coal found on earth, and is the world’s top producer as well as consumer of the same. However, as a result of industrial revolution, China surpasses other nations in the number of vehicles on the roads. As opposed to the USA, U.K and Europe which experienced their industrial revolutions in 18th and 19th centuries, China experienced massive industrial revolution in the past 30 years. The industrial sector in China has been growing at an approximate rate of 8 percent during the 1970’s. China’s population grew rapidly. Prior to industrial revolution, most people in China were employed in the agricultural sector. In 1960’s China recorded an increase in investment, and started signing contracts with foreign firms for construction of facilities for chemical production, steel as well as oil extraction and refining. Since then, industrial revolution has not stopped, leading to massive pollution of the atmosphere (Vaughan, 2009,…show more content…
First, China is rapidly industrializing, which means that more and more industries are being set up. As the population of industries increase, China continues to experience increase in carbon dioxide emissions. However, China experiences a rise in oil prices which forces industries to turn to cheaper, yet harmful, coal. The by-products of coal add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. The second source of air pollution is changing transportation needs in the nation. Due to rapid industrial growth in China, and availability of cheap labor, millions of people have begun living and working in modern conditions, which make it hard for the environment to accommodate them. Many Chinese who used to work in agricultural sectors have now shifted to working in factories, which means that they need to travel a lot., Thus, this adds to the population in major cities, which translates to more waste. Third, China experienced a chronic deforestation as the economy grew. This has led to accumulation of aerosol particles in deforested areas. However, China continues to use large amounts of coal, which is the major cause of air pollution in China cities (Rogers2011,p1).
Population Density
China’s population is estimated to be more than 1.2 billion. It is common knowledge that the larger the population the more the CO2 emissions. Since China is an industrial country, people have ended up crowding in major cities such as Shanghai as they look

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