Human Rights What are Human Rights? Human Rights are commonly understood as being those rights which are inherent to the human being. The concept of human rights acknowledges that every single human being is entitled to enjoy his or her human rights without distinction as to race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Human rights are legally guaranteed by human rights law, protecting individuals and groups against actions which interfere with fundamental freedom and human dignity. They are expressed in treaties, customary international law, bodies of principles and other sources of law.
The approach states that a human right is not qualified by any legal instrument or any institution. The moral theories focus on the universality of human rights despite our various backgrounds such as race, culture, religion or geographical boundaries. They further elaborate that human beings owe each other respect that cannot only be defined by international human rights instruments but by the fact that one is human. Jerome Shestack; in his paper ‘Philosophical foundations of Human rights’, explain theology as a source of human rights. He said that Theology states that human rights stem from a higher law than the state, The Supreme being.
Thus, the General Assembly recommends to every individual and every organ of the society to do something with respect to the human rights laid down in the declaration. The preamble of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of success for all peoples and nations, so that every individual and every organ of society, to strive to teach and educate to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and progressive national and international measures to ensure their universal and effective recognition and respect, both among the peoples of the Member States and among the population of territories and its jurisdiction. The preamble clearly states that the common standard
When China attempted to regain its image by hosting the 2000 Olympics game, the International Olympics Committee received multiple complaints on China’s lack of political freedom and human rights. Furthermore, many countries continue to urge the China to reveal the truth. “In 2009, the US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, released a statement to urge Beijing to account for those killed in a crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square 20 years ago” (Branigan). Additionally, the Tiananmen Square puts democracy in a certain text. By demonizing the Chinese, it makes China and Communism appear weaker, especially when they are antagonize on the ground of lesser human rights.
Just because law is set in place doesn’t make people follow it. “The basic rights that belong to every person” describes Human Rights. Examples such as the Civil Rights movement, World War II, and even North Korea, show that human right cannot be actualized for every person. A law set in place to protect these rights does not mean that everyone will follow it. Human Rights can only be actualized if everyone respects them and follows
Human rights are the rights that a person has for the sake of being human (Donnelly, 2003), these rights are human rights because they only apply to humans. Every human being, regardless of race, religion and gender has a claim these rights. The term right can be interpreted in different ways according to different aspects such as the central moral and the political senses. In the sense of rectitude, the term right refers to as the right thing to do, the entitlement aspect suggests that a right is having a right to do something. Human rights are established by human needs, such as the right to basic health care, it is something that all humans need, and it is up the government to provide basic health care to all human being.
They speak of human resource. Law is an important part of implementation of these human rights. It can be further classified into rights and duties. Rights are inherently owed to the person, while duties are owned to the society. You have obligation towards the society and in return you get rights.
According to feminists, Human Rights are a product of the dominant male half of the world framed in their language reflecting their need and aspiration (Brems, 1997:137). They further argues that, while the ‘Rights of Man’ which were originally conceived by the great liberal thinkers, they were not intended to include women. Further, they state that today’s universal human rights according to feminist still overlook them as a matter of fact. This emphasizes that, the feminist critique of human rights thus, basically argues for the inclusion of human rights protection system. Feminist of all strands advance various means to realize this
Where one expects his human rights to be respected, he must in return also respect everyone else’s in order to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally agreed to be the foundation of international human rights law. Adopted in 1948, the UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to us all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts, in societies suffering repression, and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights. Human rights can also be construed to be soft law.
Human rights are interdependent in that, all human rights are part of a Complementary framework because each human right entails and depends on other human rights. Violating one such right affects the exercise of other rights. The concern for ‘Human Rights’ has assumed global dimension on the adoption of a Universal Declaration on Human Right (UDHR) on 10th December ,1948, by the United Nations General Assembly declaring “all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” and “everyone is entitled to rights and freedoms without distinction of any kind”. Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings irrespective of their nationality, place of residence, sex, religion, race colour, language. Promotion and protection of human rights ensures prevalence of freedom, justice, peace and order in the society.