The barbarian force of the Mongols caused issues that were significant to China which made the most impact on the Chinese culture in a wall being built. This wall is known as the Great Wall of China. The wall contained a sense of nationalism to protect the nation and liberalism to keep people in and not letting Chinese civilians leave. Nationalism can best be described as the support and one's value of their own country is preserved. Liberalism is the act of liberal perspectives being perpetuated.
CAUSES: The most significant cause of European Imperialism in both Africa and China was the belief that one country was superior in comparison to another. In Africa, the belief that one country was superior in comparison to another led many European countries to justify their reasonings for colonization. They believed that the African countries would benefit from them sharing their way of life. In fact, Chamberlain states in his speech to the Royal Colonial Institute, “I maintain that our rule does, and has, brought security and peace and comparative prosperity to countries that never knew these blessings before” (Chamberlain 1897). In China, the belief that one country was superior in comparison to another led the Chinese to refuse
American wanted to control the Philippines government to get closer to China for trading. Another interest is access to trading. According to Document 1, “Process of three hundred years of superstition in religion, dishonesty in dealing, disorder in habits of industry, and cruelty, caprice, and corruption in government. It is barely possible that 1,000 men in all archipelago are capable of self-government.” US President, McKinley believed they couldn’t govern themselves against other nations. Believing that US was required to civilize people by introducing them to American style of
People found the ideas so ridiculous that they thought he was exaggerating” (Merritt). The Chinese started making a money on their own, but this money wasn’t out of metals. This new money that would change the world was paper (Hamza). It was first used around the 800’s by the Tang Dynasty, but the Song Dynasty expanded the use of paper money throughout all of China (Lee). There are, however, advantages and disadvantages to those who decided to switch to paper money..
First, Buddhism destroyed the Five Confucian Relationships which had helped maintain political, economic and social order in China. Additionally, many people in the Chinese community did not feel a connection with the Buddha, originated from India due to the difference in cultural backgrounds which represented their identity. Finally, the relationship of Confucius and Heaven was tarnished by Buddha; Confucius was the only one who knew how to lead his community in the most beneficial way because he had the ability of connecting with them through their culture. In 845, Tang Emperor Wu, declared Buddhism as harmful and destructive by changing Chinese beliefs and values which represented their culture and the governing structure which had led China to be one of the leading, powerful empires (Doc 7.) Tang Emperor Wu, the ruler of the most influential empire, is calling for Confucius followers to strengthen their devotion to their values and beliefs linking Confucianism with their identity; Chinese culture.
This society authored by the Chinese had its benefits and its drawbacks. To begin with, the Chinese society had many positive attributes which greatly shaped classical China. Firstly, slavery in China was found within the aristocratic estates, but the Chinese did not really rely on slavery as the engine to its economy, so relatively the slave population in China was small. Secondly, the Chinese people were “religiously” diverse by accepting belief systems from Confucianism, to Daoism, to Legalism, and even the polytheist religion during the prime of the Zhou dynasty. This sharing and diversity of religious thought greatly shaped the Chinese Empire as a divine culture and in intellectual advance.
As written in Doc. 1 by a Han government official, China searched for ways to apply their technologies in the most efficient way possible, without much labor, and to benefit the laborers as well. Doc. 4 from a history book sponsored by the Han government, states that China aimed to make work easier for the laborers, to increase the efficiency. Both documents show Han China in a bright light, and that may be because they are written or sponsored by Han government officials.
The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty
These leaders enforced justice, were wealthy and elite. During China’s first Dynasty, the Xia Dynasty, around 16th Century B.C, when farmers wanted to be united and not fight with each other for their produce, they reached out to wealthier people who owned gold and silver and asked them to be their “leader”. They called these leaders royalty. These leaders who were far more “superior” and powerful than them, referred the people as “commoners”. The Tang Dynasty was full of power hungry leaders.
As a justification for their conquest, the Zhou leaders stated that the last Shang king had been a poor ruler. They believed that the gods had given the Mandate of Heaven to them. This idea that a good ruler had approval from the gods integrated into Chinese culture. The Zhou, however, didn't have a strong central government either. Relatives or trusted people were put in charge of regions, and became known as lords.
The Mongols did not trust the Chinese, so they had foreigners come in to govern the people. They took away the traditional Confucian way of government. In the Middle East, the Mongols took the highest positions, but gave the lower positions to the people showing that there was more trust. The Mongols didn 't disrupt the original government, instead they used it to their advantage. Mongols