On the other hand some people hated the beliefs of Christianity because it went against their norms and old traditions. However, Christianity was eventually made the enforced religion of the Roman empire and Confucianism was never made the enforced religion in China even though a lot of people believed in
The nobility rejected this plan which created hostility towards the king and opposition from the first and second estate for the reforms and anger from the third estate for appeasing the nobility and clergy. This led to the authority of Louis XVI being questioned and was a contributing factor to the downfall of the Ancien regime as it highlighted the willingness of the king’s ministers in challenging the privileges of the first and second estate. This was a recurrent problem as the privileged classes again stood against the king at the Estates-general (1789). Therefore, it is indeed convincing to suggest that the inefficient taxation system under all monarchs led to the downfall of the Ancien Regime. Furthermore, it can also suggest that the first and second estates’ unwillingness to deprive themselves of some of their privileges trapped the French economy as it did not allow for the reform.
He was frustrated that his fellow colleagues refused to change their ideals for the sake of the greater good. He knew that an open democratic struggle would be the best option, but because they were stubborn, the consequences were that the party organizations were falling apart
Yellow Earth depicts how futile the efforts of the politicians were at the time. For example, the ambiguity of the scene in which Cuiqao is crossing the river can mean many different things. Cuiqao crosses the river to escape from her marriage, after Gu had promised to return for her. In terms of politics in China, it means that their efforts to help were not reaching those who really needed it. Furthermore, it can mean that the political groups, such as the CPC, were not fulfilling the promises which they had told to the public.
Tocqueville noticed that after a successful democratic revolution, people tended to isolate themselves and focus their personal interests since there was no longer a common goal to fight for. This divide is capable of making a new democracy vulnerable to egoism as well as despotism because of the general increase of apathy from the general public. However,
Chinese leaders could not collectively agree on an approach, and Beijing’s new rulers saw very little value in naval affairs. Seafaring expeditions proved to be costly, forcing higher taxes on an already depraved population. They believed that the financial risk was not worth the little return. Trade did flourish when the Chinese made connections with Western explorers, however the exploits of trade did not benefit the country as a whole. Mongolians and other raiders posed a serious threat to China’s frontier.
The Meiji period was a transformation process in Japan that was a direct response to the harsh conditions of the Tokugawa era. Lasting from 1868 to 1912 the Meiji period wanted to use “civilization” as a a mechanism for social order in Japan. The new government along with regaining control of what had been lost during the Tokugawa regime wanted to install new institutions. Control through institutions of education, legalism and moral training were some of the new ways in which the Meiji wanted to regain order and not fall behind the western world. A shift to western thought (bunmei) stemmed from this restoration period in Japan.
This is just one example of the Mughals not only only neglecting to practice religious tolerance, but how refusing to accept all people for their beliefs backfired in the empire’s overall growth and unity. Contrary to the Mughals, the
It is obvious that he is stressing the fact that the British government did not have the decency to allow a successful relationship to grow and progress. He argues that the cause of rebellion was due to the lack of respect. Additionally,
Nixon is widely recognized for his successful détente foreign policy that improved U.S. relations with Russia and China. Despite his achievements, his true motives and methods of achieving success were questionable and harmful. His agenda for Vietnam was hidden from the public, as was his Southern Strategy. He was not truly invested in environmental reform, and proved to be a truly contradictory president. Scholars agree that his public actions and private ideas often opposed each other (“Impact and Legacy”).