Chinese Dialects

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The People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a Nation State in East Asia. The capital of China is Beijing. China’s population is about 1.404 billion people; making it the world’s most populous country. (ESA.UN.org) There are seven major groups of dialects of the Chinese language. The standard language of China is standard Chinese or Mandarin. (Tucci, 317) Mandarin dialects are spoken by 71.5 percent of the population. (Zimmerman) Most Chinese are also fluent in English.
Written records date the history of China from as early as 1500 BC., from the Shang dynasty. The Shang ruled in the Yellow River valley. China is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. Chinese history has alternated between periods of politically unity and peace,
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Chinese art is greatly influenced by the country’s rich spiritual and mystical history. Many sculptures and paintings depict spiritual figures of Buddhism. Eastern-style martial arts were also developed in China, and it is the birthplace of Kung Fu. Ancient Chinese were avid writers and philosophers which is reflected in the country’s rich liturgical history. Traditional music in China is played on solo instruments or in small ensembles of plucked and bowed stringed instruments, flutes, and various cymbals, gongs, and drums. The currency used by the Chinese is the Renminbi (RMB), also referred by the unit yuan (CNY). (Tucci, 317) China was the first country in the world to cultivate silkworms and develop silk weaving for clothing. Chinese Communist Party that rules the nation is officially atheist. Currently, there are only five official religions. Any religion other than Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism are illegal, even though the Chinese constitution states that people are allowed freedom of religion. Like other aspects of Chinese lift, cuisine is heavily influenced by geography and ethnic diversity. The country represents 56 ethnic minority groups. Among the main styles of Chinese cooking are Cantonese, which features stir-fried dishes, and Szechuan, which relies heavily on use of peanuts, sesame paste and ginger and is known for its spiciness. Rice is not only a major food source in China; it is also a major element that helped grow their society. Rice is a staple of their diet, as are bean sprouts, cabbage and scallions. Tofu is a main source of protein for the Chinese because they do not consume a lot of meat.

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