Asian Americans were suspicious to Californians because there was a thriving vice economy in Chinatown and most Asians were not Christian. Even before that, Americans had a mythic ideal of Asians or ”Orientals” and were concerned about foreigners in their country. Coincidentally , America’s economy was shifting from freedom for workers to capitalism and most Californians projected their fear onto Asian Americans. In their opinion, Asian American immigrants spoiled the United States independence and freedom(Guo). Some political parties even openly wished for Asians to be ostracized from the rest of America.
Rani lakshmi Bai and Nana Sahib became bitter enemies of the British and they led the revolt in their respective territories. A blatant act of back-stabbing by the British were widely seen through the annexation of awadh whereas the nawabs of awadh had always been loyal to the British. the sepoy was mostly came from awadh and British action deeply hurt the sentiments of them. even under the new regime, peasants had to pay even higher revenue and additional taxes were imposed therefore there was no relief from opperession. the British also provided no alternative source of employment to the people who lost their jobs due to the dissolution of the nawab's administration.
In the 19th century, western powers such as Britain were increasing their influence across the world and were engaging in free trade to improve their economic position. One of Britain’s biggest trading partner was China and there was a huge demand for Chinese products such as Chinese tea, porcelain and silk by the British. However, the Chinese had no interest in buying the products offered by the British and this led to Britain facing a huge trade deficit. In response to this, British traders began to illegally ship opium from India to China which led to a widespread addiction to opium in China that caused many economic and social problems in China. In order to control this addiction, the Chinese government led by Lin Zexu confiscated and destroyed over 20,000 chests of opium from British merchants.
Mao formed a paramilitary group, the Red Guard, to implement this campaign which was made up of the Chinese youth. The education system was removed, therefore the Youth joined the Red Guard and harassed the elderly and intellectual population who were considered class enemies
Throughout “Go West,” Peter Hessler explains the egotistical differences between people living in China and those living in America. For one, their curiosity lies in different places; in Hessler’s words, “Most Chinese were intensely curious about foreign life” (48). In his experience, people in China held many misconceptions about the quality of American life, so whenever they were presented with the opportunity to learn more, they took it. That being said, Hessler also comments, “many Chinese had impressed me as virtually uninterested in themselves or their communities” (53). In other words, the curiosity of the Chinese extends far enough to reach the other end of the globe, but it still maintains a decent distance from their own cities.
The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published. This book completely devastated the people on the list and placed these people on Blacklists.
Immigrants such as the Chinese were hired only for laboring purposes due to their race to fulfill the jobs that White men would not do. Indians as well were affected by this social and racial organization. They had signed many treaties with the White men to give them the
People develop addictions because of being introduced and liking a product that they consume the first few times. Eventually, if they keep consuming that product, they will want to keep having it, so they will waste more time and money on that product that they want to keep using. This will drain the sliver out of China and go back to the previous holders of it. The British would formally take advantage of their weakness and keep collecting opium to sell to China. The Mafia was similar since they abuse their extortion by making civilians think they need to pay in order to be safe and happy.
The abuse of power by the higher authority angered millions. The people wanted a republic because of lacking leaders. The mass numbers shared a common goal and this paved the bloody path to the power of the people. The idea of revolution was spread to the oppressed Third Estate citizens and the divisions between the estates lead to an uprising which then created the National Assembly. The partisans of the Third Estate destroyed symbols of royal power through the storming of the Bastille and the Women’s March.
The French and Indian war nearly doubled the national debt of the British so they decided to raise taxes on the American colonists in an attempt to raise money. It was not easy for the British to collect these new taxes as they were met with resistance, so much that they had to send in more soldiers to help the representatives of the British government perform their jobs safely. Being taxed more made the colonists start having revolutionary thoughts towards their British
In the late 1800s, many Chinese immigrants arrived to the United States. Some challenges for example is the boycott flyer that was created in 1898 and the Geary act. In 1898, the labor union leaders boycotted Chinese Restaurants, Wash houses, and Tailor shops. They also tried to exclude the chinese from working in jobs such as mining. Another challenge they faced was the Geary act.
For example, the Mexican immigrants said that they do not want their children to suffer like they did and work long hours. Also, they said that they rather would rather died than take them out of school. Another example is that the Chinese only came to America to work and to bring money back to their country. Not only did they want to better their life, they wanted to better their family lives as well. Mexican immigrants left Mexico due to horrible circumstance.
The Sons of Liberty club sprang up to oppose the tax, so they burned the stamps and drove out all the stamp collectors. The Boston Sons of Liberty, headed by Sam Adams, was one of the most uncontrollable patriots in the country. Townshend Acts: •Named after the Chancellor Charles Townshend became the birth of six new laws. The motivation for these acts was to use the money to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would stay loyal to Great Britain. Mainly so that the governors and judges would punish the province of New York for failing to obey the Quartering Act.