Chinese Immigrants: The Gold Rush Like the other nations in the world, the Chinese Empire was represented in the California Gold Rush. At the beginning of 1849 only about fifty Chinese men participated in the Gold Rush. By the year 1876 a steady flow of Chinese immigrants entered California, an amazing amount of 116,000 Chinese were engaged in the great search for gold. The cause of the mass immigration of the Chinese was the war, famine, and poor economy in China.
1 The time between the First and Second World Wars saw the emergence of cultural diversity in Australian society that was characterized by a expanded migration of people, especially men from southern Europe, the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. Restrictive entry conditions remained, such as the exclusion of women and children from non-British backgrounds. The exception was Japanese, Malay and Filipino pearl divers who continued to work under the exemptions of the The Immigration Restriction Act 1901. The 1920s and 1930s were hard times with a Depression that saw massive unemployment, poverty and hardship.
Japanese Immigration There were many reasons why the Japanese immigrated to America. America had better religious freedom than the Japanese did back in their own country. Shinto is the indigenous faith of the Japanese people that teaches that the Japanese shall want their sins cleansed for one 's owns peace. Some Japanese believe that this is not right. Another thing that pulled the Japanese into America is the medical care and security that was held in America.
On May 6, 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed a federal law prohibiting Chinese laborers to immigrate. This U.S. federal law was called The Chinese Exclusion Act. During the California Gold Rush, many Chinese immigrated to North America. As gold became harder to find, hostility built up towards Chinese immigrates. A combination of racism and misunderstanding of another culture cause fear that turned into hate.
The Chinese immigrants, however, were not the only ones to receive such hate and discrimination. This eventually spread towards Japanese and many other groups of Asian immigrants. However, instead of banning them altogether, the government just segregated them under the San Francisco Segregation order in the year of 1906. However, the Japanese government got involved and spoke out against this treatment. As a result, this would lead to the compromise of the Gentlemen’s agreement.
When the Exclusion Act was finally lifted in 1943, China was given a small immigration quota, and the community continued to grow, expanding slowly throughout the '40s and '50s” (Waxman, 1994, Growth in Chinatown, para. 1). Within the expansion of Chinese immigrants to America after the Chinese exclusion act was lifted, more Chinese immigrants moved to Chinatown and started to open their own business there. As we know today Chinatown is one of the oldest Chinatown in North America and the largest Chinese community outside Asia. It is a home for many Chinese immigrants that work in various jobs to help America 's economy be more successful. Chinatown is a place where many people from different backgrounds come share their cultures and it
The first time where there was a noticeably large amount of immigrants originating from Mexico coming to US started once the government put a strict restriction on japanese immigrants in 1907. Entering World War I, the United States relied on Mexican laborers due to the fact that American workers were issued to fight in the war. After the war was when Border Control was created because of the increase of nativism and the desire to minimize the amount of mexican immigrants coming through. “ But economic demand for unskilled migrant workers continued throughout the Roaring Twenties, encouraging Mexican immigrants to cross the border—legally or not” ( Harvard Magazine). During the great depression many mexican immigrants were deported, they were
Mexican Americans share some historical experiences with that of the Chinese American experience. Mexican Americans first arrived in California in 1917 as well as the large movement of Asians to the western hemisphere in the early 19th century. Mexicans and Asians were not accepted when they first immigrated to America. We have seen this before when African Americans came to America. Orientalism refers to the way in which non-western cultures are perceived by the west.
Asians have been called the model minority and have been accepted more than any other minority group for several years. The term was first used in print by William Peterson in 1966 in his New York Times Magazine article about the success of Japanese-Americans (Chin, 2001). Peterson said the values and work ethic of the Japanese made them accepted more and not considered a problem minority (Chin, 2001). Another in U.S. News and World report described Chinese-Americans the same way later in 1966 (Chin, 2001). Some even say that Asian-Americans are no longer thought of as a marginal minority (McNamara & Burns, 2009).
save and buy a home for her family, and send her sons to college. When the Asians immigrated to the United States at first they were low skilled, low wage laborers. They assimilated into neighborhoods more than any other race, and they marry across racial lines. Currently most Asian immigrants obtain green cards through sponsorship of family members, and employment visas. Geographically they tend to live in the Western States.