2. Development of Pure Land Buddhism The idea of Pure Land Buddhism was raised in China and then spread to other countries, such as Japan and East Asia. (Wallace 2002, 43) It became famous in these countries but there are variations between the ideas. Take Indian and China as examples, Indian think that there would be separate life after rebirth as their present life may be suffering and the life after death should be happy and not connected to the present life. On the other hand, Chinese take rebirth as the continuation of life before death, which the human relations in the present life are connected to the life in Pure Land.
In the 5th century BCE, China was in a state of _. A philosophy, Confucius, gave voice to a philosophy of harmonious hierachy. Despite the little we know of this figure's life, we know of his stance on tradition and discipline. His ruler, a duke, was a frivolous sovereign, and in his disappointment, Confucius left court. His focus on ritual propriety, the Li, influenced his entire body of work, and coloured his views on how all social relationships ought be conducted.
Taixu was a famous Buddhist modernist who promoted the reform and renewal of Chinese Buddhism by pioneering the term “Buddhism for Human Life” in China, in which the terms “Buddhism for Human World” and “Humanistic Buddhism” were usually interchangeable (Sik, 2016). The two words, “human” and “life”, were given emphasis so as to specify his criticisms of some aspects of late Ming dynasty and early Republican Chinese Buddhism that he wanted to correct, which were the overemphasis on spirits and ghost, and the overemphasis on funeral services and rites in Chinese Buddhism. At that time, Taixu believed that Chinese Buddhism was overly focused on death, funerals and future lives and
China was considered him the leader of a separatist insurgency. In addition ,we will talk about the Dalia Lama’s reputation in West .In the West he is usually presented in largely positive terms , often as a wise follower of peaceful resistance ,but the regime of the People’s Republic of China (PRC)sees him as an enemy and accuses him of hypocrisy . (Edited by Moohan , 2008, 199+200) The factors that have contributed to the Dalai Lama’s fame and reputation. The Dalia Lama’s reputation in West is based on the kinds of qualities that won him the Nobel Prize , but it is enhanced by the fact that Buddhism in enjoying a high profile. It is associated in many people’s minds with the allure of the Orient and linked with a positive notion of ‘spirituality’.
Therefore, the British government sent diplomats to China for reducing the differences and improve the relationship.The British government experienced three failures in the diplomatic negotiation of requesting the trading opportunities, including Earl of Macartney, Lord Amherst, and W. J. Lord Napier. All of them were rejected due to the indecent manners performed. After the three failures, the British government realised that was not only about business, also diplomatic equality. At that time, the dissatisfaction was already in an extreme level. When Charles Eillot sent as a “new chief superintendent of British trade in China” , the war was already about to
British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics of India because the British taxed Indians even when they were starving, as well as established a government with an army, police force, and justice system that favoured Englishmen. Although the British were proud of being able to to establish a government that worked for the 500 million people of India (Lalvani), the British made the conscious decision to demand money from those unable to feed themselves (Doc #3). During the famine of 1770, the British still expected Indians to pay taxes despite their starvation. If the Indians didn’t have enough food to eat even one meal a day, it is selfish to continue pushing them into poverty by enforcing cash crop policies but denying them the right to grow food. This shows how little the British really cared about the well being of Indians.
If they would kill all of the nomads, it could be a bad thing because they could have made a deal with the nomads that forced the nomads to live in China, which would make the population bigger. They would not let the nomads join their army because they were not tolerant of the nomads even though the nomads could help them with more than just China's army. The nomads could help provide better resources, including horses, an advantage that they used while invading China for its resources. The horses could make China’s military even more powerful than they already were because the horses would allow them to travel quickly and carry more resources. If they were able to carry more resources, they would be able to fight longer because they would have enough resources.
Jiuku tianzun (the Heavenly Venerable Savior from Suffering) was created by the imitation of the Buddhist Guanyin in the Daoists of the Lingbao texts (Guang, 2012). Since Guanyin is still the most popular worship idol nowadays, the Bodhisattva 's birthday and renunciation (Lunar New Year on February 19, June 19, September 19) are still China's Buddhist worshiped day. Even in the Theravada Buddhist countries, such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and India, least people believed in Guanyin and among them most are the Chinese people, and Buddhist countries in the North especially in China worshiping Guanyin becomes an everlasting faith (Irwin, 1990). Why Guanyin become so popular in Chinese society? Why every family worships Guanyin?
Ancient China was the center of the ancient world because they saw themselves as the middle kingdom. Influence of 2 ancient Chinese dynasties, the Qin dynasty and the Han dynasty, was astounding, as they made new innovations and techniques in their government. Their success was largely due to access to immense amounts of resources and innovative technologies that both dynasties used to have leverage civilizations nearby, and use for trade on the silk road. Quality of life for people living under the Qin dynasty wasn’t as good as compared to people living under Han rule. The Qin dynasty adopted Legalism as the dominant source of control over the people they ruled over while the Han dynasty adopted Confucianism to give merit or family connections.
Earlier the Chinese government was pretty sceptical about the FDI and certain policy measures taken by the government. Further , Chen believed that too much importance was given to the heavy industry which undermined the growth of not only the light industry and agriculture but it also hampered the growth of private businesses and markets. This led to Chinese economy to be moving for the worse. Also China being a communist country and being a one party democracy there was a lot of negative influence of corruption on the business environment of the country. Companies are likely to experience bribery, political interference when acquiring public services and dealing with judicial system.