Chinese immigrants came to America in hopes for a new life. They brought with them their language, culture, social institutions, and customs (“Chinese Immigration to the United States”). They came to America why almost everyone else did, for a shot at “Gold Mountain”. When that turned out to be a bust, they turned to very laborious jobs, like constructing the railroads, mining, and agriculture. Up to 90 percent of the labor force was Chinese (Patel, Samir S.).
News traveled fast and far, prospectors came from around the world to try their hand in panning gold. Gold mining had reached its peak by 1852. More than $80 million in gold had been pulled from mines (Encyclopedia.com, 2015). Even though the gold rush was not profitable for all who came to California, the gold rush reshaped the demographics of California because people from Asia and other parts of the world traveled to California and the population rose. In 1848, James Marshall discovered gold while constructing a mill for John Sutter (Encyclopedia.com, 2015).
Immigrants such as the Chinese were hired only for laboring purposes due to their race to fulfill the jobs that White men would not do. Indians as well were affected by this social and racial organization. They had signed many treaties with the White men to give them the
The first Japanese Americans emigrated to the U.S. mostly as the second or third sons of the family in search of a new economic future similar to other immigrants. Primogeniture was still in practice in the late 1800’s, so the eldest son inherited the entire estate, leaving the other sons at the mercy of their own resourcefulness. These fortune seekers settled along the western states as farmers and farm laborers amid high anti-Chinese sentiment. They’re willingness to work for lower wages in poor conditions created a split labor market and as a result, they endured extreme hostility and physical attacks from union members representing the manufacturing and service industries. They experienced legal discrimination in the forms of denial of citizenship and denial of land ownership as non-whites.
The first Japanese-Americans, or Issei, came to America in the early 1880s, looking for work and adventure. Many Issei were laborers, coming to America to snatch up all the jobs the Chinese had left open in the wake of the Chinese Expulsion Act of 1882. Though many were laborers, some were students, merchants, or professionals. Racism was a massive problem for the Japanese-Americans. Native born Americans resented the Japanese presence in the Pacific Northwest as they believed that the Japanese were taking jobs that belonged to the Americans.
Many of the workers in the field were getting little or no pay. Plenty of men suffered through the hard conditions of coming to a new country, so they could raise money to take care of their families. Caesar saw that many workers were not getting paid enough for their working labor. Chavez joined a committee to start a boycott so that men working in the fields could get paid well. The committee started in California, but soon get all around America.
The consequence that were faced by the region of Japan and China were different especially in the response to Western penetration during the 19th century, but similar in some ways. Some specific consequence that China faced were the growth of population, Boxer Rebellion, and Opium war. While Japan had problem with Meiji Restoration in social and diplomatic which effects of industrialization. Both China and Japan were an isolated before Western powers was involved, both looked down on other countries and preserved their culture since they were considered a powerful country, but Western influence change everything which causes problem. The problems emerged as the population grew massive in china during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Asian Americans were suspicious to Californians because there was a thriving vice economy in Chinatown and most Asians were not Christian. Even before that, Americans had a mythic ideal of Asians or ”Orientals” and were concerned about foreigners in their country. Coincidentally , America’s economy was shifting from freedom for workers to capitalism and most Californians projected their fear onto Asian Americans. In their opinion, Asian American immigrants spoiled the United States independence and freedom(Guo). Some political parties even openly wished for Asians to be ostracized from the rest of America.
In addition, many different races and cultures were migrating to the West. Naturally this movement stirred up a little bit of discrimination since most of the settlers in the West were relatively prosperous white, native born farm folk. One of the races that was affected were the Chinese, who arrived in California to build railroads and work in the mining community. They were frequently discriminated against, and denied citizenship rights. Eventually becoming scapegoats whenever there was an economic downturn.
However, many foreign countries, especially Britain, continued to take advantage of the Chinese’s addiction to opium, and illegally sold even larger amounts of opium to China. These illegal sales avoided paying taxes altogether to the Chinese government, and hence weakened China economically as it was losing an important source of revenue. Moreover, due to the lack of productivity in the country with one-third of its male population being opium addicts, China’s economy was on fast decline. The Chinese were spending their money on
But it was the shortage of jobs in other areas that presented major opportunities. It goes like this; immigrants would make the trek to California with big hopes, only to be let down when they find the gold wasn’t as easy to find as they thought. They would then get jobs in the fast growing cities. Negatively, this did cause troubles for the Native Americans as it exploited them. The Native Americans fell victim to genocidal attacks, starvation, and diseases.
But Lincoln’s death was not a limit for the railroad because the Americans looked to bright it to the West and the East for Sierra Nevada in California. Also talks about immigrants that were born in Ireland or elsewhere in Europe. They (immigrants) lured by the promises and high wages commanded by bosses. The problems increased, when the Chinese workers whom built the railroad that crossed the Sierra Nevada mountains in California had social conflicts with California and not only that. Furthermore they had conflicts in their relationship with their superior
The locals feel uncomfortable with this overpopulation of eastern culture, but also China now being Africa’s largest trading partner. China is mining this raw product and selling it back to the home country for double the price as the final product. The locals are also unhappy with the fact that they are keeping all their technology and skills to their selves. The United States are concerned about the growth
Why do people come to california? Though people come to california for many, many reasons, the main reason people are attracted to this diverse state is the tales of success that are told. Many migrants came here in a hurry, expecting a better, easier life than the one back home, but most were disappointed. An example of this is the Great Migration, a large movement of African Americans from the American South, when many families moved away from the Jim Crow laws that segregated and oppressed them, and also looking for higher wages and better jobs in large cities. An example of this is shown in the article “The Warmth of Other Suns” when Isabel Wilkerson claims that they were “Not unlike anyone who ever longed to cross the Atlantic or the
As more and more people moved west the United States faced another issue. In between California and the rest of the country were the Great Plains which were not heavily populated so there was no easy way of trade and transportation to the growing western territories. A group of men called the “Big Four” which consisted of Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker and Mark Hopkins, decided what the country needed was a transcontinental railroad. Their company, The Central Pacific Railroad company would hire 15,000 Chinese men to work on constructing the railroad due to the fact that they would work for less than the average American. This made transportation cheaper and quicker than ever