Taiping Rebellion Essay

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CCCH9006 China’s Modernisation In The East Asian Context Discuss the implications of these events on China’s modernisation process. - Taiping Rebellion - 1911 Revolution Wu Tien-hsuan 2013500516 Tutorial Group: Tuesday 13:30-14:20 In the modern world, China is only second to the U.S.A. in economic scale. According to the World Bank (2014), the GDP of China has risen from 8.227 trillion USD (2012) to 9.24 trillion USD (2013). The process China has been through to reach such a high economic role in globalization is a long term development. Although the sovereign PRC was established in 1949, the modernization process can be long traced back to more than a century ago when Qing Dynasty was still ruling China. During that time, society’s unsettlement caused some reform movement to initiate. In this essay, the implications of modernization of Taiping Rebellion and 1911 Revolution will be discussed. Taiping Rebellion was led by Hong Xiuquan from 1850 to 1864. Starting in Guangxi, it was a civil war against Qing Dynasty that spread through Zhejiang, Jiangxi and some other provinces in southern China. Hong also established Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (Taiping Tienguo, “Taiping” in short) in 1851 as a regime that was against Manchu, and he became the “Heavenly King”…show more content…
The prosperity seemed to be assured, since the power of the masses strengthened. Taiping, however, were still unable to build a utopian society with such passion. One reason to failure was the collective leadership (Spence, 2013). Some prominent followers became kings and were provided with the power to rule Taiping. In 1852, two leaders were killed, and this event was the downturn of Taiping (Spence, 2013). In 1864, Qing army conquered Tianjing and slaughtered a large number of citizens. Taiping were considered to have lost the control in southern
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