For confucianism, they believed that it controlled people action’s in society, this one was followed willing, which means they did want to believe in this ruling. However, for legalism it was made to control people's actions also like Confucianism but the society was forced to believe in it and the people of china hated
There are many great religions of the world. Two very popular ones were Confucianism and Daoism. Confucianism and Daoism have many similarities and differences. The similarities between Confucianism and Daoism are the founders, how the religion started, where it originated, and where the followers worship. Some differences are their belief of gods, the goal of each religion, and the fact that Confucianism is more of a political system for society, while Daoism is more of a personal self improvement.
Buddhism had an impact in both empires. However, Confucianism was the official ideology upon the entire Han Dynasty. Their values focused on a system of philosophical and “ethical-sociopolitical teachings”. Han China accented political control around the education of bureaucrats to make more logical decisions. Maurya India, on the other hand, was essentially a Hindu state.
Religion in Classical China Since human’s earliest years, we have relied on religion to guide us in countless situations; it influences almost everything we do. During the Classical Period in China, religion played large roles in many significant decisions. The three most prominently displayed religions at the time were Legalism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Though their unique teachings separated them from each other, each had equal impacts in the shaping of early Chinese civilization and culture. Legalism, by definition, is conformity to written or spoken laws, rather than a spiritual religion (Merriam Webster).
When discussing the influence of Confucianism in the Han empire it is clear to say that other than the concept of education, relationship also played role in the contribution of order in society. One of the most well known systems in grouping this idea were the Five Relationships or in what used to be called wu-lun. These include relationships between father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, emperor and subject, and friend and friend. The most essential relationship during the Han dynasty would be the association between emperor and subject, in which, it is the job of a subject to serve the emperor but, it is also the job of the emperor to care for the subject. According to Taylor, “ The Five Relations are
Both of them faced the issue of social stratification, but they dealt with the situation differently. The Han dynasty had a strong belief that if technology was widely available, it would benefit the entire Chinese empire. They felt responsible to make it available for the workers and laborers that lived in China. On the other hand, Roman philosophy and administration considered laborers to be low-class, and not deserving of the help of intellectuals in government. The first group of documents were all from Han Dynasty
The Chinese wanted to avoid shame. Family was very important in Ancient China; Chinese citizens did not want to dishonor their family. To bring dishonor to one’s family was considered unlawful and wrong. The Chinese also believed that people must be led by a fair leader and thought moral leaders would inspire their followers to be moral as well. The ancient Chinese also believed in following
But, nature does not exclude humans, human excludes themselves from nature. Within the “mists of [the] chopping sea of civilized life, such are the clouds and storms and quicksands and thousand and one items to be allowed for”(277). He uses clouds and storms and quicksands to convey that civilized life includes the same negativity included in the connotation of those conditions, but nonetheless, those too are apart of nature. The purpose of utilizing imagery is so evoke images people already have to connect with them on that level to make them understand that they must find a harmony and balance in the world. So, in order to restore order within one’s individual life, one must defy the social norms that distance themselves from nature to find harmony with it.
Lao-Tzu (606-530 B.C.) is the Founder of Daoism and writer of the holy book “Tao Te Ching”. Daoism is the native organized religion of traditional China, which sometime known as “Taoism”. This philosophy is principally associated with the notion of “Dao” or “Way”, and encompasses ideas of naturalness and ease, nonaction and going along with the flow. The word Dao (also spelled Tao) originally meant road or way, Dao is the ineffable way of life, pattern of the world, source of all that is (and is not); from the one came the two (yin – yang shown in Figure 2) and from the two came, the 10,000 things (wan or “everything”).