This approach leads towards understanding the respondent’s experiences and point of view. According to interpretivism we can’t separate people from their knowledge. Multiple responses and answers are expected in this research. iv. Critical theory: This paradigm shows that reality can be changed through human intervention and research.
Critical thinking is the way in which one improves the skill of thinking by assessing, analyzing and reconstructing the content in which they read. Joe Lau and Jonathan Chan (2015) describe critical thinking as “the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe.” As a student, studying International Relations in the faculty of Social Science, reading is crucial, as was mentioned in the acceptance letter for the University of the West Indies “you’ve been accepted to read for your degree”. In order to be successful in university, critical thinking is a necessity and is needed for everyday use within the university setting. When studying in the faculty of social sciences one has to note/remember that reading is essential, in fact, in
This will ensure construct, external and internal validity and reliability. Comprehensive and systematic organisation of data by means of a database is of utmost importance to strengthen the study. 4.4 DATA ANALYSIS METHOD Because case studies tend to be exploratory, most end with implications for further study. The researcher may be able to identify significant variables that emerged during the research and suggest studies related to these. Yin (2003a) maintains that data analysis consists of "examining, categorizing, tabulating, testing, or otherwise recombining both quantitative and qualitative evidence to address the initial propositions of a study" According to Yin there are the following analytic strategies for case studies: 1.
She goes on to say “[Student] cheat to get a better grade, of course!” (Gu 2). It is such a simple answer for the subject, but it’s incredibly hard for some teachers to wrap their heads around. For so many students, a grade is worth more than their lives and its shown in the amount of students who cheat in order to receive a better grade; even with them knowing at full extent that it is wrong. Mr. Steven Tolman from Georgia Southern University also wrote an article on the increasing amounts of cheating in High Schools and Colleges called “Academic Dishonesty in Online Courses: Considerations for Graduate Preparatory Programs in Higher Education”. He believes that the reason of recent spikes in the research of academic cheating is due to the online classes and the effects they
The aim is to identify problematic situations or issues considered by the participants to be worthy of investigation in order to bring about critically informed changes in practice. Reflective practice, in this respect, is widely believed to play a key role, the burgeoning literature in this subject area (Hannay et al., 2003; Norton, 2009) acknowledges this process for achieving both long-term and short term objectives. Short-term objectives are closely oriented toward developing teaching and learning through a combination of several steps such as the identification of problems, change initiation, collaboration with the learners and staff. Long-term objectives are basically related to professional
This will ensure that they gather legitimate data and well-grounded correlations that can be used to create a new hypothesis or confirm or deny an already established one (Punch et al. 2013). Apart from that, Macionis and Plummer (2011) reveal that sociologists need to possess general skills such as theorising and critical thinking since they need to put meaning to their data and question everything they already
This includes identifying the source of data; types of data needed for the investigation, answering the proposed questions and, also help the researcher interpreting the findings of the research. The second point is focused on having insights into the research paradigm which helps the researcher to have the foreknowledge of possible research limitations pertaining to the research methodology employed. The third proposed importance of research philosophies by Easterby-Smith et al (1997, 2012), is having knowledge of the best research paradigm creates room for innovative and creative thinking in selecting and adapting methods that the researcher has no idea about.
Trotter (2012) stated that this becomes even more concerning if the gathered data is restricted to interviews from a sample of participant’s that is small in number. In this research study, interviews will not be limited to one school, but will be conducted in five different schools in different sections of the country of China, which will broaden the data-collection procedure. Trotter (2012) also stated that the researcher should beware of making inaccurate suppositions that can cause data to be skewed. When the interview respondents tend to give the same or very similar responses to the interview question, the data gathered can be sure of having a high degree of reliability. The aim of this study is to gather data from interview participants that have a great amount of similarity and consistency.
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education
2000, p.428) stated that the Qualitative research methods are interpretative and plan to make a depth of understanding. The foundations of these qualitative methods are on words, perceptions, feelings etc. instead of numbers they include experiments, interview, focus groups and questionnaires with open ended-questions. A qualitative research is a categorize vision,