Document 1 depicts the leader of the Chinese Communist party, Mao Zedong,’s written report that describes peasants’ strong nationalism. His written report uses strong words as “corrupt” and “evil” which describes peasants’ enemies, such as officials and landowners. Mao wanted to uprise the sense of nationalism by mentioning the peasants’ enemies. However, Mao Zedong is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, so he might exaggerated the state of peasants in order to gain trusts from the peasants. According to document 2, a sense of nationalism is shown in the discussion between a teenaged peasant and his grandfather.
For example, when the states monopolies put the taxes in the materials. In the notes from class, it states, “British East Indian Company who made the tea tariffs, taxes and etc.” Here, it shows how the economic aspect because they to raise the taxes on the revolutionaries. A cultural cause of the American Revolution was that the revolutionaries felt like their rights were not being upheld. For example, when he revolutionaries felt like the constitution was not for them. Zinn states, “As many as half the people were not even considered by the Founding Fathers …they were absent in the constitution, they were invisible in the new political democracy.
William Hinton, a born member of the Chinese communist reform force, states how peasants were challenging landlords and money lenders, and how “This increasingly explosive force transferred land from the landowners to the peasants”, as shown in Document 6. After the communist party advocated anti-Japanese sentiment, the peasants subsequently found the confidence to challenge landowners with the knowledge that the Japanese had been successfully defeated in part to the power the peasants held, and in part by communist motivation. This led to the breaking down of Chinese land owning infrastructure as peasants revolted. Hinton’s account of the events is very descriptive and as detailed as someone who lived in China during the time of the peasant revolts. Yet, as an American, he was not part of the peasant class and thus would not have been part of the revolts.
Mao ruled for over twenty-seven years and during that time, “he had doomed China’s people to become some of the poorest on the planet”. In 1976 Mao died and Deng Xiaoping took over as China’s leader. Like Mao, Deng focused first on the countryside and gave out land to farmers and paid the farmers how much they grew a year this lead to farmers being able to pick which crops they wanted to farm and Deng have the farmers to pay taxes instead of handing over a third of their crops. Since the majority of China’s population was farmers this gave a boost to their economic standing and an opportunity for a better
This angered the colonist since many died fighting for that land. The Crown created this line to prevent further fighting with between the Indians and the English settlers. The colonist took this as another sign that the crown cared more about the Indians than the colonist. A small group of colonist saw this and acted in anger. They became known as the Paxton Boys, unprovoked, they raided a small Christian Indian village and killed about half a dozen Indians.
Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in a peasant family in Shaoshan, central China. He was a Chinese communist Party leader from 1935 until his death in 1976, and he was a chairman of the People 's Republic of China, which he governed from its establishment in 1949 to 1959. Mao Zedong occupied a critical place in the story of the country’s resurgence. His motivations were to make China classless country and to promote the Cultural Revolution, he also wanted to make China great, modernized and strong country. Mao Zedong was a great leader because he changed China in a much better country by transforming it into a modern nation, strengthening the economy, and achieved gender equality.
Castro turned to Khrushchev in 1961 due to United States unwilling to help and established a communist state. His economic policies were regarding about naturalization of oil refineries and sugar industries. However, this angered the United States which a great investment in them, seized all American owned businesses and farms and distributed lands and farms amongst peasants. Castro provided free health care service, provided public housing for cheap rent. He opened up approximately 10,000 schools and literacy rose.
Their main argument was that the colonies should be in charge of taxing themselves. While the Stamp Act Congress peacefully tried to negotiate the repeal of the Stamp Act, the colonists took matters into their own hands. Many colonists joined by boycotting British goods, however, some took a much more violent approach. Colonists formed secret societies protesting British rule, most famously the Sons Of Liberty who called for American independence. These groups attacked in mobs by violently parading through the streets, burning British paper, ransacking some British custom official’s homes, and even tarring and feathering some of the custom officials.
However, in an effort to create an egalitarian society, the only acceptable classes were the “workers, peasants, and the revolutionary army” (Jackson 136). In April of 1975, the Communist party had gained enough power to capture the capital of Cambodia, Phnom Penh. Once capturing the city, the communists began emptying it of its inhabitants and replacing them with peasants. Along with the inhabitants, the communists destroyed Western consumer goods, burned books and libraries, severed most of its diplomatic relations, abolished money, and markets. Evidently, the ideology of total revolution could only be carried out through mass bloodshed and destruction; in the words of Franz Fanon: “true liberation cannot come without violence and that the only true revolutionaries are those who participate directly in the shedding of blood” (Jackson
The claim to build a better world held by the communists might be the basis of the foundation of the populist regime, by itself it was certainly not efficient enough to settle firmly the regime in China. In order to completely establish the regime, Mao relied on ideological control and mass mobilization, which were at the core of the revolution led by the communists. The aim of this ideological control was to make the population believe strongly that the only relevant way to build a better world was through the appropriation and the setting of the Communist system and ideology. Communism relies on the ideology of class struggle and that socialism would be able to erase all classes. Indeed strong classes dividing the society firmly organized China at the time.
Cambodians grew suspicion towards Lon Nol’s government politics and opposed such a force. By 1975, Pol Pot’s force had grown to over 700,000 men. During 1975, Lon Nol’s government was officially defeated by the Khmer Rouge, causing the death of 156,000 Cambodian citizens. The reign of a brutal and murderous society had begun. Under Pol Pot’s leadership, an extreme programme was imposed to revolutionise Cambodia into a communist country, where all citizens were expected to work as labourers, farmers and peasants in one huge federation of farms in accordance to the Chinese agricultural model.