Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China, had great ideologies and plans for China. He was ambitious in wanting the People’s Republic to become a world super power and was eager to make create a nation with pride. He was a socialist and that creating a socialist country that was different from the former Nationalist regime was crucial. However, Mao had many inner struggles. Many of Mao’s thoughts were contradicting, and he had many struggles between which ideologies he should emphasis on.
Mao was very successful in ending the economic and social challenges faced by China during this time and the extent of this success if unmatched. Mao, using laws and the cultural revolution and the great leap forward and the 5 year plan fixed social and economic policies respectively. Mao was met with success when he attempted to rectify the social challenges that existed in China between 1949 and 1976. Some of these challenges included the lack of rights for women and the continual adherence to the 4 olds by the public. Mao fixed the lack of rights for women by issuing the Marriage law of 1950.
The middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. He did help socially because he gave the poor a better living conditions and extended education for the poor he also gave women equal power as men 's. Mao Zedong did not make China a better society economically because he got landlords discriminated and made their economy lower, the middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. In document #9, it stated that the Chinese economy was low and once Mao stop being China 's leader the economy was able to grow again. Chinese society did not get better under Mao’s rule because there was roadblock preventing the economy from growing and Mao was the problem not allowing it to thrive.
Merchants and travelers traveled on the Niger River. The SOnghai Empire saw the opportunity and seized control of the Niger River, thus controlling trade and transportation. The Songhai Empire flourished during the reign of Sunni Ali. He was known as a powerful but ruthless ruler. He conquered the trading centers of Timbuktu and Jenne.
China’s leader Mao implemented a program called Mao’s Great Leap Forward program this program told peasant framers when to plant crops, what to plant and how much to plant. Also peasants were required to turn over a third of their crops for taxed that was meant to feed the cities. In return the presents were made promises from the government such as the commune would provide workers with food, medical care, and other necessities. This contributed to the people starving and going to great lengths to survive such as trading children and killing and eating them, at this time famine was widespread and killing many people in China. Mao ruled for over twenty-seven years and during that time, “he had doomed China’s people to become some of the poorest on the planet”.
To what extent did the Cultural Revolution immediately impact the educational system? China has always had a reputation for having a rigorous education system, as it is characterized by heavy emphasis on rote memorization of texts and the ignorance of critical disposition and rational reasoning. In ancient China, the Civil Service Examination served as a system for the most talented scholars to obtain an official position in the palace. Education has been perfected throughout the years and when Mao Zedong, the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, rose to power, he altered policies and standard ideologies. The Cultural Revolution, which was mobilized by Mao to reassert his authority and eradicate reactionaries, affected several facets of
How do you assess Mao 's foreign policy? Explain the logic, successes and failures After years of Civil War between the Communists and Nationalists, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People‘s Republic of China (PRC) on October 1, 1949. Thereby, the Communists replaced the Republic of China (ROC) which was under the sovereignty of Chiank Kai-shek, leader of the Kuomintang. The government of Chiank had to flee from Chinese mainland to Taiwan. The transition of power in China changed the dynamics of post-World War II relations.
To avoid further dissent Mao created a "cult of his personality" by putting his images and famous quotes everywhere and to establish diplomatic relationship with the United States to solve economic problems. The United States of America was interested in the Chinese market and containing the Communist influence. In 1972 this brought China to become a member of the United Nations resulting in a the visit from United States President Richard Nixon to Bejing. The visit of Nixon to China was significant as it was the first
In the post-Mao era, the communist regime had craved for the civilization development, which were the material (wuzhi) and the spiritual (jingshen). As the civilization of materials could reflect the growth of the state while the spiritual civilization could represent the state had the ability to control itself. The spiritual development includes the citizens' behaviours, social stability and the sense that commit to the civility and virtues. The legitimacy current regime had always emphasized the importance of quantitative components that used in the strategy of governance. The modernization and economic development in China had gained an upper place in the world order by promoting civilization which aimed at enforcing the correlation between the population quality (suzhi)