Chirico's Influence On Surrealism

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1. Giorgio de Chirico was a major influence on the Surrealists, even though he did not consider himself to be a Surrealist painter. What drew the Surrealists to his work? (Chapter 11, pages163-167; Dada & Fantastic Art I, slides 44-47)

a. He created mysterious and distorted dream landscapes with disconnected elements, and heightened contrasts of long shadows and intense light. 
b. He has the ability to blur the lines between real and supernatural.
c. He combines Fauvism and Cubism, creating a fantasy world with floating and unrelated elements.
d. He depicts gentle, lyrical imagery rather than disturbing or Freudian scenes.
e. He juxtaposed strange and monstrous material objects with painted human forms.

2. How did the works produced by
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Picabia’s work primarily focused on mechanical elements, while Duchamp was experimental, creating a variety of works. 
c. Duchamp’s work had a sense of humor.
d. Their early Dada works had Cubist influences.
e. They both had elements of gears, machines, and parts.

3. Marcel Duchamp was one of the most legendary artists during the Dada period. All of the following statements are true about Duchamp’s use of the Readymade EXCEPT:
(Dada & Fantastic Art I, slides 2-7)

a. He took objects out of their original context to focus on the concept and intellectual side of art, rather than the output.
b. He was no longer interested in aesthetics.
c. He used found materials, like different types of paper to create photomontages.
d. Using common manufactured products was a form of anti-art, confusing the traditional views of what can be considered art.
e. Duchamp only produced a few Readymade works yearly because he believed that it was losing its uniqueness once it became popular.

4. In the 1920s, after World War I, Germany was becoming a new modern culture. Which statement best describes how Hannah Hoch used photomontage during the Dad period? (Dada & Fantastic Art I, slides 30-31; Chapter 11 page
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René Magritte can be called an illusionistic Surrealist because of his “painting-poem,” The Treachery of Images (1928) and his painting within a painting, The Human Condition (1933). Which statement best describes his style? (Dada & Fantastic Art II, slides 23-30; Chapter 11 pages 184-5)

a. His mysterious images questions meanings and relationships between painted objects and reality. 
b. He wanted his paintings to have clear explanations.
c. His paintings depicted anxieties, sexuality, and vivid dream imagery.
d. Magritte had no personal experiences to draw inspiration from so he used his imagination.
e. Placing text over top of an image did not appeal to Magritte.

9. Choose the statement that DOES NOT describe one of the influences behind Hugo Ball’s sound poem, Elephant Caravan and performance at the Cabaret Voltaire. (WWI, Cabaret Voltaire & Dada Beginnings film; 12:40 min)

a. He believed that language had been so misused and corrupted that words ceased to have meaning.
b. Cubism inspired the shapes and forms making up his costume for the performance.
c. His costume was based off of an African witch doctor or shaman, performing in a ceremonious way.
d. To accompany his sound poem, the cabaret dancers did traditional African dances to the beats of African drums.

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