Gynecological infections in human after childbirth and abortion[147-150], post-operative infections, and necrotizing soft tissue infections associated with heroin use[4, 151] can be attributable to infection with C. sordellii. Two toxins are a main responsible virulence factors of C. sordellii: hemorrhagic toxin (TcsH) and lethal toxin (TcsL)[152-155]. The mortality rate for patients with C. sordellii infection is 40-69%, and most patients die within days or even hours after the initial presentation. For that reason, premature diagnosis of C. sordellii infection is of main importance; the low prevalence of the illness and the fact that the initial symptoms are nonspecific make a precise diagnosis very difficult. The time lapse between the beginning of symptoms and death is frequently so short that does not allow to initiate an empirical antimicrobial therapy.
Sudies of Norwood (1950) showed that people in different occupations exposed to Carbon Tetra Chloride reported nausea, headache, vomiting, vertigo, gastric upset, sore throat, abdominal issues, cough etc. Studies of Kazantizis and Bomford (1960) showed that intermittent exposures to carbon tetrachloride at less than 100 ppm over typical occupational exposure scenarios may result in notable signs of toxicity. Studies by Stewart (1961) showed that at various exposure timings from 70 minutes to 180 minutes, people showed only minor indications of problems, that too after 48 hours of exposure. Barnes and Jones (1967) reported three cases of work related exposure of Carbon Tetra Chloride, which shows that people experienced nausea, vomiting, dizziness, anuria etc, and were admitted to hospital. As a summary, we can see that all the cases of non-lethal toxicity of human exposure to Carbon Tetra Chloride showed indications like nausea, vomiting, headache, general pains, dizziness
Helicobacter pylori Cardiovascular Microbiology 212 research Supervised by: Dr.Muzaheed Abdul rasheed Zahra Dhiya Al-Ahmed 2170003019 CT | 2nd year Subtitle Page Number Introduction 3,4,5 Diagnosis 5,6 Breath Test 6 Blood Test 6 Stool Test 6 Biopsy 7 Transmission 7 Immune response 8 Symptoms 8,9,10 Treatment 10,11 Prevention 12 conclusion 12,13 References 14,15 Index Introduction Who does not have abdominal pain during childhood? predominantly, most people have this pain correspond to an infection. Many scientist and doctors count stress, increase the acidity, lifestyle, and spicy food as main causes of gastric infection while others relate it to bacteria. The first belief was the most supposed until two Australian physicians, Barry Marshall and Robin Warren before 1982 when bacterium was discovered, proved the opposite. They built a theory based on a specific type of bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) as one of results of stomach infection and they proved it.
According to the study done by Gillani et al, AKT drugs account for almost 7.8% of cutaneous ADRs . This cutaneous reaction in our case report occurred within 2 months of starting the offending drug. These findings are similar to a study done by Dua et al which reported the same duration . However, incidence of Pyrazinamide induced EM is extremely rare. EM is a skin condition with varying severity.
Organophosphorus insecticides are important agents of self-poisoning in developing and developed countries alike. Rampant misuse of organophospharus insecticides has been found in our country. It is in this background that a study was undertaken in Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, on 150 adult patients who have been admitted in the Medicine wards after consuming organophosphorus insecticides or accidental exposure to organophosphorous poison. 64 patients were male and 86 patients were female. Majority of the patients (63 patients) were in the age group of 21-30 years, and the least (10 patients) were above 40 years.
In the article from my research it said, “There are 75 million American communities that are living with unhealthy air. In addition, the EPA reports that half of the 115,000 schools in the United States have problems linked to indoor air quality. So it’s not too surprising that 6.8 million American children have asthma, and the number is climbing” (Boyle, Megan). Millions of people have to live with unhealthy air. There’s also horrible that the children problems are caused by the condition of the air quality at the school they attend.
Without being diagnosed correctly, “7.5 percent of U.S children between the ages [of] 6 and 17 take medication for ‘emotional or behavioral difficulties’” (Insel). Overmedication is the inappropriate medical treatment that occurs when a patient is given or takes unnecessary or excessive medications. Many are wrongly diagnosed by doctors, or self-medicated. With every disorder comes an evaluation and many doctors do not evaluate their patients or their behavior, they get straight to medicating. Due to the scientific advancement in medication, many doctors become dependent on it “fixing” problems in patients such as diagnosing children with behavior disorders, medicating injured athletes, and healing the elderly.
Introduction Epistaxis is a common complaint in the emergency department (ED) 1. About 60% of population experience epistaxis at least once during their lifetime and 6% needs medical attention 2. The cause of epistaxis is unknown in majority of cases. Known etiologic factors can be divided into local and systemic causes 3. Of all systemic factors, the use of anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs appear to have a significant correlation with more severe and recurrent epistaxis 4.
Doses for Epinephrine Base on Indication: Indication Dose Administration Anaphylactic 0.3-0.5mg of 1:1,000 Intramuscular (IM) Anaphylactic 0.1mg of 1:10,000 IV push over 5 minutes shock Myocardial 1mg of 1:10,000 IV push Infarction concentration What could’ve been done by the medical team to prevent these errors? There are a few aspects related to epinephrine that tends to increase the risk factors of errors in dosing and administrating correctly. The dosage
Disease in adults is very rare because immunity develops within a month or two after exposure to the coccidia (Avula, et al., 2012). Infective dose According to Fayer and Gregory et al., as cited in Chartier and Praud (2011), there is a direct correlation between the quantity of oocyst ingested and the appearance of clinical signs. Daily oral dose of five hundred thousand oocysts of a mixture of different Eimeria species in goats
Further findings from Food and Drug Administration carried out between January 2009 to June 2010, reveal that a total of 560 death occurred due to alarm fatigue and the associated effects (McKinney, 2013). According to Horkan (2014), all these associated factors to the alarm fatigue can be due to improper alarm setting, malfunctioning, turning off or even reducing the volume of the
The study population included 832 patients hospitalized in five different ICUs (Keten et al, 2014, 277). A hundred and one patients who developed 126 attacks of catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) were accounted for in the study sample. Out of the 101 patients, 85 experienced at least one attack of CAUTI, 7 experienced two attacks of CAUTI, and 6 experienced three or more attacks of CAUTI. Out of the 101 patients who developed a CAUTI, 49 (48.5%) were female and 52 (51.5%) were male. About 54.5% of the patients were aged 65 years or older (Keten et al, 2014,
Environmental Conditions: In 2008, researchers estimated that potentially preventable adverse drug events kill 7,000 Americans annually and that medication errors that result in harm are the number-one cause of inpatient fatalities. While error rates vary widely among facilities, experts believe at least one medication error occurs per hospital patient every day (Anderson & Townsend, 2010, p. 24). Some of the most common medication errors that occur in the acute healthcare setting is due to the latent conditions. Nurses that reported working in
A vaccine is a dead or weakened sample of a disease that is injected into a person so if they happen to come across that disease their body will be able to identify it as well as destroy the bacteria or virus. The influenza first attacked people who were in close contact with each other, places like military bases and prisons had to face the deadly disease head on in it 's early stage. At first it was thought to be a small dilemma that would be over within weeks, instead it spread like wildfire. “By noon, the camp’s hospital had dealt with over one hundred ill soldiers. By week’s end, that number jumped to five hundred.” (1918 Influenza, Paragraph four).
Hospital-acquired infectsion (HAI) is defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a localized or systemic condition resulting from an adverse reaction to the presence of an infectious agent or toxin that occurs 48 hours or more after admission to a hospital or health care facility.”(JAMDA) Every year it is estimated that 700,000 to 1.7 million people will contract a HAI and nearly 100,000 will die from their infection. There are 5 major HAIs; Blood stream infections, ventilator associated pneumonia, surgical site infections, Clostridium difficile infections and catheter associated urinary tract infections. (MCELROY) Of the five, the most common in elderly patients is pneumonia and UTIs. How can we decrease the occurrences