Noam Chomsky's Theory Of Universal Language

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Noam Chomsky's theory of The Universal Grammar is linguistically interesting. He states that language is innate and it is born with the human, and all the human been do have one potential language in their genes. Then, all the languages we know, such as, French, Spanish, and Arabic are various divisions languages for the universal language, which all the human do share having it. Chomsky claim that if an alien visits us it will find all the human been speaks one language, and languages what we consider them as different languages are nothing but different accents of the one language we all use. In the early 20th century, linguists held that language learning can be explained like any other types of learning by rewards for success, errors, and…show more content…
In addition, Universal Grammar includes stable principles, they are generally true across different languages, as well as parameters which allow the variation and differences between languages. Lydia White states that "Grammar of Children and adults conform to the principles and parameters of Universal Grammar."(2) A child does acquire linguistics competence in their first language. The characteristics of the language are represented mentally by means of an unconscious. As Chomsky (1980: 48) internalized linguistic grammar system is "a certain mental structure consisting of a system of rules and principles that generate and relate mental representation of various types." Universal Grammar form the initial state of a child by all the knowledge and experience that the child is already equipped with input previously. The primary linguistic data (PLD) are helping the child critically to make the child able to determined the specific grammar form in its appropriate place. According to Lydia White "a language-specific lexicon is built up, and parameters of Universal Grammar are set to values appropriate for the language in question" (2). The grammar can…show more content…
For instance, the numerous and the very precise principles of the generative theory which have been replaced with more general, stable economy principles, such as, computational operations. The Universal Grammar principles have gradually become restricted, and associated largely with the lexicon. The definition of the Universal Grammar as a reflection of development, and the linguistic theory growth are some of the ongoing changes. Regarding to this, White says that "regardless of how Universal Grammar is formalized, there remains a consensus that certain properties of language are too abstract, subtle and complex to be acquired without assuming some innate and specifically linguistic constrains on grammars and grammar acquisition."(3) Also, there is a wide agreement on what these problematic phenomena are. Why Universal Grammar? The logical problem of language acquisition The agreement on the type of biological basis to the first language acquisition are widely well known. Also, the capacity of the language is specific. The ability to acquire the languages or the child's first language is independent of intelligence.
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