Bantawig (2014) cited that Cook (1996) categorically explicates Chomskyan view of Universal Grammar: “The language properties inherent in the human mind make up ‘Universal Grammar’ consists not of particular rules or a particular language, but a set of general principles that apply to all languages.” Generative
In the ontological investigation of language, namely the classification of what makes language what it is. Many philosophers are fascinated by the nature of language. Some philosopher holds a view of essentialism that presupposes there is an identical and continuous universals essence, which can justify all human language. However, the objection to Essentialists’ approach to the study of language is that with such assumption of intrinsic properties of language exists, they have presupposed “language” as a constant real substance. Both Western philosopher Ferdinand de Saussure and Ludwig Wittgenstein have rejected the simplistic notion of the essence in explaining the nature of language, and suggest the similarities between languages are merely one side of the linguistic phenomenon.
Although it is a meaningless sentence, yet it continues to save its popularity. He demonstrates a sentence which is entirely accurate by grammatically, however; it is entirely incoherent. Chomsky is father of modern linguistics. He rejects empiricism, he supports that people are born with some knowledge of language. Chomsky called this theory as “nativism”.
This language acquisition device is known as Universal Grammar, and unlike Skinner, Chomsky’s theory considers that messages from the environment are not models to be imitated, but a series of stimuli that “activate” the language acquisition device that comes with the children. On the basis of such theory, S. D. Krashen went a step further and elaborated a model of acquisition of non- native languages known as Monitor Model, consisting of five hypotheses: Acquisition vs. learning: This hypothesis declares that there is a difference
Yet, children do not seem to know how much knowledge they are acquiring and processing. In this research, this process is analyzed in the context of Chomsky’s theories of universal and generative grammar and the language faculty. The process of first language acquisition is surveyed from the very first weeks of a child’s life until the time that grammar is finalized.
Overall, I hope to give evidence that supports Chomsky notions of language acquisition, showing that language cannot originate outside the human mind, because it is a property of the individual mind/brain. language “la langue” as a social convention According to Saussure (cited in Baskin, 1959), mankind is born with a “faculty of constructing a language, i.e., a system of distinct signs corresponding to distinct ideas (p. 10).” The signifier which corresponds to the concept and the signified which corresponds to a sound image of the concept. Saussure (cited in Baskin, 1959) referred to this correspondence as a two-sided psychological entity, a sign.
Therefore, entwining these two approaches together are capable of carrying out a thorough description, interpretation and explanation of the presidential debates under investigation. Moreover, Systemic Functional Grammar is a particular theory of grammar which regards Grammar as one of the sub-systems of a language, i.e. “the system of wordings of a language”. In this perspective, “grammar is a resource for creating meaning by means of wording”. This theory presents rules of grammar in terms of functions of words in sentences such as Subject, Predicate, Object, and Adverbial.
According to many researchers, the brain’s language component also known as the corpus callosum gets programmed to follow the specific grammar that a child is exposed to at an early age. The language in which rules and grammar children use in their speech often exceed the input to which they are exposed to. With such theories being conspired, the theory of universal grammar starts to transpire. The universal grammar theory suggest that all languages have the exact primary structure. Even though children are not genetically programmed to speak a particular language the universal grammar allows them to obtain the rules and patterns of language along with other languages
The linguistic faculty that enables the learners to operate the input data in order to understand the L2 rules is called as Universal Grammar. Universal Grammar is rules within one language and it needs to be triggered in order to get it work and once triggered, the learners can put things together. Universal grammar has certain similar elements shared by all languages and it is designated from minds. Interlanguage or language-learner language is permeable when it allows the rules of the language to go in and help the learners to revise or improve their interlanguage. Interlanguage also is dynamic because it is constantly changing and still under constructing.