Critical thinking can help people think more clearly and deeply about a problem. Critical thinking is necessary to evaluate and scrutinize thoughts, beliefs, and feelings. For instance, when people decide to make a decision about religion, critical thinkers will have more skill in making their belief and action more accurate. In the drama Inherit the Wind, Brady is a man who has a strong belief in God through the Bible. Drummond is an agnostic who does not affirm in the existence of God, and accepts in the evolution theory of Darwin. They argue about the belief in God and the evolution of Darwin that Brady calls “Evil-ution”. There are two main logical
During the time that Galileo wrote the letter to Grand-Duchess Christina, there was much debate about the orientation of the universe. There were two different theories of thought at this time. One was the Heliocentric Universe, which believed the sun was the center of the universe and the Earth orbits it. The second was the Ptolemaic or Earth-centered Universe, were the sun orbits the Earth. Galileo faced much opposition from the Catholic Church, and was repeatedly harassed and condemned by his contemporaries.
Based on our past history (e.g., the Tuskegee experiment) it is now crucial to apply confidentiality and informed consent in studies, especially human subjects. Therefore, harm can reduced as much as possible. I feel the past history is a lesson that social scientists should avoid in studies. All human subjects are required to understand the risk factors and procedures in a study they are participating in. If they require confidentiality, researchers should also agree. Like you have mentioned they are helping researchers gain valuable evidence and this should be respected.
In the Ted talk on "Battling Bad Science", the speaker Ben Goldacre tackles the lack of critical analysis by the public of scientific claims by debunking popular medical claims and exposing methods of borderline falsifying evidence behind claims. Science is a unique subject varying from all others in many rights, particularly when it comes to the critical analysis of its claims by the general public. Unlike politics, law, history, etc., science is given huge leeway to make uncontested claims by the public, where as in other fields their claims are scrutinized before being accepted. On the contrary, people willingly expect dodgy “scientific” claims which often contradict themselves.
Hesiod’s account of creation, as outlined in the Theogony offers one of the most detailed and accepted theories of creation in the Greek culture. On the other hand, the Biblical account of creation, regarded as a Hebrew culture creation account, is to date one of the most widely acknowledged and accepted versions across various cultures seeking explanations for the origin of life and the earth. However, even though these creation accounts originate from two different cultures, they share some thought-provoking parallels in terms of their content and intentions, as well as some contrasts that make each of the creation accounts unique.
“How Humans Deal With And Survive Extreme Cold.” Science of the Cold How Humans Deal with and Survive Extreme Cold, www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica%20fact%20file/science/cold_humans.php.
Over the eras, many scientists have expressed concerns with Darwin's evolution theory and in "Was Darwin Wrong?" by David Quammen one can learn about the proof behind the theory of evolution. Many people do not believe in evolution due to an overall unawareness about the theory and religious upbringing. However, Quammen clarifies the truth behind evolution in his article. The article states five positions of evidence biogeography, embryology, morphology, paleontology, and the bacterial resistance to antibiotics discovered in humans. In this summary of "Was Darwin Wrong?" by Quammen I will explain the evidence behind the theory of evolution and evaluate each of the five categories of evidence of evolution.
In “The Belief Engine”, Alcock (1951) highlighted the necessity of skepticism by revealing the malfunction of brain activities when making judgments. He indicated that people automatically generate false beliefs and neglect the truthfulness of the issue. In “Occult Beliefs”, Singer and Benassi (1981) suggested that occult beliefs are indestructible; people tend to invent an explanation to satisfy their own beliefs, which relates to Alcock’s proposal of our brains acting as a “belief engine” (Alcock, 1995). The authors in both articles attempted to explain how people invent these “magical thinking” (Alcock, 1995), and why those beliefs outweigh scientific explanations.
Historical knowledge and science provide a point where biblical and cultural stories collide (Goheen & Bartholomew, p. 130). Culture is communicated through common stories and events. Science or the human desire to explain what is seen can be identified within Greek mythology throughout history to the postmodern views of today. The Christian worldview provides a basis for belief in a creator, not dependent on human action continue existence (Goheen & Bartholomew, p. 23). Scientific exploration and discovery is a part of God’s creation. There ae sections of the Bible that discuss items such as dinosaurs, hydrology, physics, anthropology, biology and geology (Science and the Bible, 2003). Increasing scientific knowledge has supported the validity of the Bible. The postmodern worldview that does not acknowledge God as the singular source of creation should not be incorporated into a Christian
He gets off topic many times; and starts rambling about things like the printer press replacing computers. At one point, he’s talking about clocks and you find yourself asking how is this relevant? Carr, somehow, wrote this whole article without ever diving deeply into the original topic. Every paragraph is something new, him talking about a new subject that barely relates to the original topic of this essay, and he struggles to make connections we can understand. In his effort to keep your attention he uses fancy word play. Saying things like, “Now I zip along the surface like a guy on a Jet Ski.”, and “The human brain is almost infinitely malleable.” But, even with this, his article is dull. It throws around too much long stretched information that has little to do with the
“How could you do this?” he says to the audience. “My idea was to explain where the origin of life began! Not to taint my research with your ideas of racism and twisted power relationships. You have rearranged my hard-earned research into something that has tainted the name of Darwinism. I had a long battle inside myself for many reasons to come to the realization that I should publish my findings. However, you make me disappointed with my decision.”
Whitmore’s arguments and I appreciated the opportunity to learn about the Creationist perspective on the Cambrian Explosion, carbon dating, and other relevant topics related to evolutionary hypotheses. He did acknowledge that there are several enigmas that Creationists still do not have definitive answers for, such as the lack of human remains in layers containing dinosaur fossils. In response to that particular dilemma, he stated that he believed certain Biblical passages may suggest that the record of humans that lived before the Flood was literally “blotted out” (see, for example, Genesis 6:7). Overall, though, his argument was convincing, informative, and helpful, and I feel better prepared to answer challenges to my worldview because of what I learned from his
Carr is an established writer and had previously written several books before this article had been published. This makes Nicholas Carr a convincing source of information, as are the friends he mentions in the article. There are also multiple quotes such as “I now have almost totally lost the ability to read and absorb a longish article on the web or in print,” which is a quote from blogger, Bruce Friedman. There is a multitude of highly credible people who have writings with the same views on the topic that Carr has. A few examples of these people range from Bruce the blogger, the pathologist from Michigan Med school, to a developmental psychologist and author from Tufts University. These people sound pretty credible so their opinions would most likely have more of an affect on someone than those of an 18 year old beginning college. Carr quotes Friedrich Nietzsche, a man whose vision was failing bought a typewriter because he found that his writings and ideas being put to screen were just failing. He decided to go out and purchase a typewriter so that the ideas could pour out of him and straight to the paper, which changed the way he wrote, his “tight prose had become even tighter, more telegraphic”. Technology is a major improvement and successful help to us all, but Carr believes it has an underlying side effect almost. It’s unnoticeable to the human mind, we just adapt to the slow mental changes without being aware of it at
When Drummond picks up both of the books that have caused the whole controversy and weighs them he compares their worth. This is a symbol of the justice scales. The last passage of Inherit the Wind shows that Drummond considers both sides should be treated fairly. It isn 't clear if he considers that the two sides are equal. Drummond fought for Cates so I know he’s on the side of teaching evolution in the schools. I suspect he might would give Darwin extra weight. Or he 's just showing that you can 't only know one side of the story as in both sides are always necessary for a whole sense of the
Lennox asked Dawkins that if he were to pick up a book called the Gold Delusion, it is a fact that you can conclude that it comes from something else more complex namely a human