The battle between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League known is as the Battle of Lepanto and it is the most important for the Christian religion. It is of great significance because if the Holy League had not won, the Ottoman Empire would have taken over Europe, and destroyed the Christian religion. The forming of the Holy League was important as well. The new naval technique used by the Christian forces and the first success to push back and erode the Ottoman empire were the key concepts to defeat the Ottomans. The well-known crusades were fought between the end of the eleventh century and the late thirteenth century.
The Christian View vs. The Muslim View of the Crusades The crusades were a set of different military actions that were sanctioned by the Catholic Church and the papacy. Their intention was to recapture Holy Lands they believed were rightfully theirs from the Muslim people that had invaded it. As any attack on a large group of people would do, every major group was affected. The Christians had their own reasons and beliefs for going on these Crusades.
There are similarities and differences between those two branches, which very to issues like practices, beliefs and holidays. Symbols are very important in the Christian religion. Christians "people of the book", which means that they read in the Bible, they are also "people of faith”, which means that they believe in something that can’t be seen. Even though they believe in something that can’t be seen, symbols play an important role in the Christian life. This is because what is visible and physical can be an aid to faith.
Each religion created empires of varying sizes and strength that were bound by the socio-political idea of religion and conversion of the conquered (especially in the case of Christianity). In this light, Islam did not seal the end of Late Antiquity, but rather continued one of its most famous features: conquest and expansion using religion as a justification. The Islamic conquests, so often viewed as the ending of Late Antique era, fit precisely into this mold.
Regrouped Muslim forces have attacked Edessa begins the Second Crusade. Three orders: the Teutonic Knights, the Knights Hospitaller, and the Knights Templar, as well as two monarch-led armies came to the aid of Edessa. Unfortunately, the armies changed their minds last minute to attack Damascus resulting in a disorganized defeat. The armies are once again dividing, some staying and some returning home. Turkic ruler Saladin united the Muslim armies of South Asia and North Africa and has taken over Jerusalem.
The Crusades were the wars and military expeditions of the Christians and Muslims. The Christians were fighting to regain Jerusalem, “the Holy Land” which was under the control of the Muslims . Most of the land around the Holy land had also been captured by the Muslims . The Crusades started when Pope Urban II pleaded to the people to go to war to regain what belonged to the Christians. This was just the start of the deaths and wars for the many years to come.
Religion and its various ideologies played a key role in advancing the authority of the Ottoman and Catholic Europe; it also influenced the way they confronted outside powers and people from other religions. The Ottomans where an Islamic ruled empire which brought about a certain ideology that gave them the God given rights to the earth. Catholic Europe also had this ideology from where God gave Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and endowed upon them earth as well (Matt 16: 19). The catholic church in Europe seemed to have their hands in the cookie jar of European Medieval Government and some what controlled the kings and nobles.
In history, Christians held Muslims to a threatening status before the crusades even began. In fact, the chances that the Christians met Muslims greatly improved their overall idea of them. During the crusades trade wasn’t allowed to be exchanged in fear of the Christians that would be excommunicated for associating with the Islams, even though trade still continued throughout the Crusades regardless. Politically the religious impact from the Crusades was in the massive expenditures that created an overwhelming effect on European politics. The crusades had massive armies that needed to be transported across extensive amounts of land which costed large sums of money.
The crusades are the medieval military expeditions that pope Urban || issued to the European to stop fighting against each other and reclaim Jerusalem or the 'holy land" from the Muslims. Jerusalem was important as the saviour Jesus Christ was born there. The crusade started in the late 1000s to the 1500s. Pope Urban || convinced people to join the crusade with the promises of having their sins forgiven. Others joined for hopes of power, territory and riches.
Charles Martel and his Frankish Christian army paved the way for Christianity to spread throughout Europe when he defeated the Umayyad army in the Battle of Tours in 732 (Kennedy Hickman). The Islamic Moors, initially of Arabian and Berber descent, had invaded the Visigothic controlled Iberian Peninsula from North Africa in 711. (Paul Halsall) The Christians, after many years of countless setbacks and defeats, finally were victorious and the spread of Islam did not advance any further into Europe. This crucial victory changed the world forever.
Several civilizations have experienced cultural diffusion throughout history, due to the trade routes that existed. The spread of religion, goods, and knowledge to their surrounding ethnic groups is due to to the trans-Saharan trade routes. These trade routes caused civilizations to have connections with each other, causing cultures to blend. If the trans-Saharan trade routes never existed several African countries would have never experienced cultural diffusion. Cultural diffusion helped make cultures more aware of their surrounding ethnic groups.
The main purpose of religion is said to be to maintain and promote peace, compassion, and dignity among the interactions of the common people. However, that unfortunately has not been the situation, as the Sunni-Shia divide that has been present in the religion of Islam since the late 600’s has resulted in severe conflict. After the death of Muhammad, the final Prophet in Islam, Muslims began to develop differing views as to who should be the Prophet’s successor. The differing views in opinion resulted in the formation of two groups: the Sunnis and the Shiites. The Sunnis believed the successor should be a direct descendant of Muhammad, while the Shias favored the idea of the community choosing the best candidate for obtaining the leadership
The three major monotheistic religions are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (p. 187). Knowing that these three are monotheistic, we know that Islam shares some similarities and differences with the other two religions. Since, our focus is Islam in how we compare and contrast. We can start off by saying that it all started when Muhammad had this spiritual vision, that introduced this religion called Islam, in Arabia (p.186). Islam spread significantly among Arabia.