Bad is the Christian that dares to think this way. No matter what one believes in, what is important is to stay morally righteous and integrate. One might say that he or she is as Christian as he or she wants, but if one is not able to treat and respect an Arab as a brother or sister, one is not only revealing immense lack of Christianity, but also lack of humanity based on their religious
CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The term “Behaviorism” was the science of observable behaviour according to John Broadus Watson (1903). In Behaviorism, Only behaviour that could be observed, recorded and measured was of any real value for the study of humans and animals and its goal is to explain relationships between antecedent conditions (stimuli), behaviour (responses), and consequences (reward, punishment, or neutral effect). This theory was more concerned with the effects of stimuli because Watson derived much of his thinking from classical conditioning of Pavlov’s animal studies and this is also referred to as “learning through stimulus substitution”. It is a reference to the substitution of one stimulus for another. For example, the ringing of a bell eventually produced the same response as food for Pavlov’s dog.
Similarly Christianity also recognises suffering in this physical world. Both Christianity and Buddhism observe suffering as the main focal point of humanity. Like the ‘right behaviour’ in the eightfold path of Buddhism, Christianity in its sixth, seventh and tenth commandments also preach about being kind and respectful towards the other beings around us. To abstain from stealing, hurting others and inappropriate sexual behaviour. Also, like the ‘right speech’, the Christian counterpart speaks of not lying, to not use harsh or unkind words which might hurt others which is evident in the following proverb(21:23) from the Bible : “those who guard their mouths and their tongues ,keep themselves from
Our world today has fallen into the trap of thinking that believing whatever you want is okay. That it is acceptable for everyone to have their own right and wrong, and on the flip side, has made Christianity out to be this fairy tale religion that has no evidence to back it up. We as Christians need to be ready and able to defend our faith, all the while in a diplomatic and non hostile way. In order for us to do this, we need to understand evidentialism, basic beliefs, the Sensus Divinitatis, and who and what the skeptics are saying. The belief in Evidentialism has grown widely throughout the people in our world.
Despite these criticisms behaviorism has made significant contributions to psychology. These include insights into learning, language development, and moral and gender development, which have all been explained in terms of conditioning. The contribution of behaviorism can be seen in some of its practical applications. Behavior therapy and behavior modification represent one of the major approaches to the treatment of abnormal behavior and are readily used in clinical psychology. CONCLUSION There is little difference between the learning that takes place in humans and that in other animals: There's no fundamental (qualitative) distinction between human and animal behavior.
Beyond these core beliefs, there are many other items that are, or at least should be, indicative of what Christianity is and what Christianity believes. Christians believe that the Bible is the inspired, “God-breathed” Word of God and that its teaching is the final authority in all matters of faith and practice (2 Timothy 3:16Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 2 Peter 1:20-21Open in Logos Bible Software (if available)). Christians believe in one God that exists in three persons—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy
This process uses positive and negative reinforcement through behavior modification. Skinner had the view that even though there are many things going through our minds it is more productive for us to study a person's observable behavior. He believed that classical conditioning was much to simple of an approach. Skinner thought that we could understand behavior by studying the root causes of actions and their consequences. The idea is that a behavior that is followed up by unwanted consequences is not likely to be repeated.
There are passages on fasting, on sex and marriage, Communion, church services, speaking in tongues, parents and children. Most of these passages reflect first century AD mores and not modern sentiments, but because fundamentalists see everything in black and white, they cannot separate concept from practice. Today 's culture is very different from the way anyone in Paul 's time would have lived, and there is little to salvage except basic moralities like honesty, kindness, and resourcefulness. But fundamentalists teach that any sort of detraction from these rules is heresy. Children are told they if they sin, they must go and repent for that specific sin immediately or else they are not in God 's favor.
In studying B. F. Skinners Reinforcement Theory, as presented in textbook “Human Learning” by Jeanne Ellis Ormrod, the information presented provides an overview of one of the oldest theories in motivation. Skinner’s theory teaches us that an individual’s actions and conduct occur accordingly to the values and penalties of the action or conduct. This denotes that if you want to influence a modification in someone’s performance and activities, using a stimulus that increases the motivation would result in a change. The field of outdoor education is vast with many components. Programs range from outdoor learning classrooms that support STEM curriculum for schools, outdoor sports and recreation, ecology and natural resource activities and
This was noticed by Ivan Pavlov who views through a dog which will produce saliva by listening to the bell even no smell of food. Pavlov studies and believed that human also will behave the same as what been studied through a dog. Operant conditioning cited by B. F Skinner, which is the reinforcement of the behavior by giving a reward or punishment. B.F Skinner believed that by giving a reward, it will increase the chances of behavior inveterate unlike the punishment will decrease it. Observable for external behavior can be measured but an internal event like thinking must be explained through behavioral terms or eliminated altogether.