Before and After Columbus Christopher Columbus was known to many Americans as the great explorer. He “discovered” America but as years went on the glorified Columbus was criticized and historians had found error in his ways. Does this mean Columbus was a villain and everything he stands for should be demolished? In this essay we will explore how Columbus Day is honored or observed in the United States of America and how celebrating this holiday opens up sore wounds for American Indians and how he opened the doors for transatlantic slavery, mass murders and cruelty to the Indigenous people of America. This essay will explore the apparent legacy that Columbus is celebrate and honored for, and whether or not all Americans should continue to honor Columbus Day.
These schools forcefully broke up families, stripped kids of their culture, and sent them back, seemingly without an identity. They were given new names, new clothes, short hair, and many other different things, dividing them from their families. These institutions were abusive, and caused great harm to the cultures of the indigenous tribes. Though the schools came with a promise that they would offer the Native American children a better future, this was simply not the case. Racism prevented any Indian, no matter how assimilated, from being truly accepted and equal in the eyes of the American population.
Most never had to hunt or farm back in Europe, this caused starvation, because they were ignorant to it. A Captain had to come and set everything straight so less people would die. This quickly caused a change in how colonization went, more people were settling in the new world and less were dying. Different type of agriculture and jobs were formed at this time causing a major transition in America. In conclusion, the early settlement of the Europeans shaped America to be the country it is today.
They always get into disagreements about land rights and how the land should be distributed. They reason that they have so many arguments is they have different attitudes towards land ownership. The Natives believed that selling land meant getting a neighbor and sharing resources. The colonists believed that once you bought the land that the previous owners left immediately and never came back. Some people believe that since they weren't using it for farming so it automatically should go to the colonists so they could farm.
Sadly, when Poma sent off his big book of information, his culture had been deemed illiterate in the minds of academia and his stories were lost. Pratt claims, that if the receivers had observed the reading and pursued to learn from it, they would have stored a better understanding of what life was like for the Andean subjects. Nevertheless, this text didn’t fit within the existing understanding of Andean culture and what was almost lost for it. As a replacement, another text, written by a Spanish, Andean citizen living in Spain colored the perspective in a Spanish positive light and was assumed to be the right perspective. Written in standard Spanish without illustration The Royal Commentaries of the Incas by Garcilaso de la Vega, was and up to Pratts speech considered to be the precise narrative for understating the Incan culture.
The most important cause of the decline was disease because it caused the most deaths and also one people were noticing the diseases they would move around trying to avoid it, but only to make it worse by infecting more people. 8. The encomienda system allowed the government to give Indians to certain colonists and that effected Native American populations. This system is essentially slavery, which the Indians didn’t like. The opponents were the Indians.
When the Indians and the Europeans encountered one another, social and environmental changes spurred, in which the colonists, for the most part, benefitted, while the Indians suffered by being subjected to inferiority and death. The natives of North America got the short end of the peace pipe once colonists from Europe began to settle in their land. A common misconception today is that, the Indians were always territorial and non-welcoming, but they in fact wanted to live in harmony with the colonists. An early 18th century map created by the Catawba Indians represented "an Indian bid to incorporate the newcomers into a native nexus of diplomacy and trade in the hope that the colonists could learn how to coexist in a shared land." (Alan Taylor page 4) On the
When the Ottomans closed off all trade routes east, everyone freaked out because their european food was so dull and bland, they had asian spices to make the taste more interesting. Thus the europeans were forced to find alternate routes. The search for material gain through obtaining and selling Asian spices, African slaves, American metals, and other resources. As merchants gained influence in late-medieval western Europe, they persuaded their governments to establish a direct connection to the remunerative Asian trade, leading to the first European voyages of discovery in the 1400s. Another profitable thing they would trade was crop.
The Native American removal was not justifiable given the tribes were trying to assimilate, they had already surrendered land to the US, the process was a waste of American time and resources, and the method of removal was inhumane. Assimilation is the act of absorbing into another culture or group (Merriam-Webster). This is precisely what some of the indigenous tribes were trying to do. In particular, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole tribes tried to assimilate into white society. This act of assimilation was what granted them the name, “The Five Civilized Tribes.” These tribes made changes to their society in hope that they could avoid white harassment.
They later went and violated these Treaties. The U. S. was aggressive when removing the Native Americans later as The Native Americans resisted the westward movement between 1785 and 1929 threat to their very existence. They were later forcefully removed by the U. S. which justified itself by Manifest Destiny; it was the right and obligation of white Americans to expand the nation. The in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend with the Cherokees in 1814. The U. S. accused the Native Americans of the crime of not respecting "the power of the United States of America They thought we were an insignificant nation that we would be overpowered by the British."
However, this wasn’t a wise or fair way to do this. Instead, this method is just creating more bad blood between the movement leaders and Native Americans. The leaders could have slowly introduced Native Americans into modern society. Perhaps giving them some rights that made them feel a part of the United States, instead of complete outsiders, which is what the Dawes Act accomplished. I feel like the act was very unjust and shouldn’t have occurred.
Immediately following Columbus ' arrival in the New World in 1492, a mass exchange of people, animals, and microscopic life between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres began. This transition brought about extremely dramatic consequences because the Old and New Worlds had previously been completely isolated from each other. Although there were some insignificant results of this exchange, such as certain species of animals and plants taking over foreign ecosystems, there were also devastating ramifications; namely, perilous diseases. The Europeans were immune to the diseases which they introduced to the Natives. This created a virgin soil epidemic, which is an outbreak in which the afflicted had not been exposed to before.
The ones that cooperated would be exempt. After that Bacon’s ideas started to spread and the Rebellion had begun. According to Zinn’s point of view, Bacon was not very interested in helping the poor ones, but in killing the Native Americans. As a matter of fact, Bacon himself was not even in the lowest class; he belonged to a new class that started to arise, which was a not so privileged upper class. More towards the end of “Persons of Mean and Vile Condition”, Zinn explains why the Bacon’s Rebellion was so feared, and what new aspect it can give us on America.
Inequality was the main reason of the disappearance of Native Americans and European settlers. Due to the disease and the war, the Indian population decreased. This lead the unequal relationship between tribes and European settlers. The middle ground was contacted with Old and the New Worlds so the inequality became the reason for the
Tituba exposes the rudeness of European to Native Americans, but most importantly the mistreat of people that differed from the ideals of the beliefs. People were not only abused but killed. The superiority perception of Europeans, changed throughout the years, but there is no denying that changes were only made because of convenience. “The colonial empires used native people as guides, trading partners, and allies in wars and for other purposes.” They main concern was acquire more land without the treat that Native Americans made, for that reason, the only way to establish themselves was treating Amerindians as objects, not humans. Tituba is a clear example of the