Christopher Columbus or also known as Cristoforo Colombo and Cristobal Colon, a well known Italian explorer, discovered the “New World” of America on an expedition seen through by King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492. Columbus had a family and went on many voyages. Columbus was a historical figure who changed the perception of the American continents for the European countries. Columbus was born on October 31, 1451 in the Republic of Genoa. His father, Domenico Colombo, was a weaver.
In 1492, Columbus sailed for a long time and discovered what he thought was the East Indians. Hence, he insisted that the people who lived there were Indians, and considered the peaceful continent as New World. During that time, there was an unbelievable event called The Columbian Exchange that connected the Europeans and Native Americans, and this is a great exchange that includes the exchange of commodities, people, diseases and ideas around the Atlantic World especially horses, African Americans, liberty and syphilis had a lasting influence on both the Old World and the New World. When the Europeans came to the Americas, they brought commodities to exchange, including horses, and the horses transformed the Indians’ lives. The horses disappeared for a long time in the Americas after the Ice Age until the Europeans came and brought horses to the New World.
On March 15, 1493 Explorer Christopher Columbus wrote a letter to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Castille announcing his discoveries in what he thought to be the eastern side of China, but was actually the first European contact with America. Columbus’ intention was to show how easy it was to conquer the “New World” and convert its denizens to Christianity. Columbus started his letter by primarily announcing the newly explored lands after Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to honor their royalty. Following that, he described his first interaction with Indigenous people when they fled from the Europeans as Columbus approached them. He also stated that Indigenous people had no fixed government that acted as a regulatory body.
In the late 1500s, Hudson married Katherine Hudson, and they had three children, including John Hudson, who started sailing with his father when he was thirteen. Motive In 1607, Hudson was hired by the Muscovy Company, created in part by his grandfather Henry Hudson I, to find the Northwest Passage, a route to Asia by going west. They provided him with a ship, the 80-ton Hopewell,
He had acquired more than 18,000 ounces of gold (biography.com) 2015. and one year later he married the Daughter of Pedro Arias Dávila, his generous sponsor from many years ago. While in Spain, he was named the governor of Cuba and was given permission to explore Florida (America) by Queen Isabela. On April 6, 1538, Hernando de Soto departed for Florida. However, he made a last minute stop in Havana to help the people recover from French attacks. On May 18, 1539, Hernando de Soto and his crew finally departed for Florida.
Fidel was a Cuban leader that established the 1st communist state in the Western Hemisphere. Fidel was the 3rd of six children including his two brothers, Raul and Ramon; and three sisters, Angelita, Emma and Augustina. His dad, Angel, was a wealthy sugar plantation owner from Spain. His mom Lina Gonzalez, had been a maid to Angel's first wife, Maria Argota, at the time of Fidel's birth. When Fidel was 15, his father dissolved his first marriage and marroed Fidel's mother, also at the of age 17, Fidel was formally recognized by his father and his name was changed from Ruz to Castro.
Just around when the international slave trade was starting to grow Columbus and his men captured many people from the west indies and subjected them through violence and cruelty. He forced thousands of people under his rule. Some of these people were sent away to be sold and many of them died on the way. Those who were not sold were forced to work in plantations and gold mines. On Christopher Columbus’s first day in the New World he picked and enslaved several Native americans to become his servants.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed with the intention of “[moving] all native Americans west of the Mississippi River into “Indian Territory” (Bentley 695), which is modern day Oklahoma. In Andrew Jackson’s words, the government would “purchase his [indigenous] lands … give him [indigenous] a new and extensive territory … pay the expense of his [indigenous] removal, and support him [indigenous] a year in his new abode” (Jackson, 1). President Jackson signed and supported this bill largely due to westward expansion. Manifest destiny, or the idea that the United States was destined by God to expand its territory across the entire continent of North America, justified American expansion and migration
He returned to America multiply times, stealing the natives people’s resources and taking them back as slaves for his King and Queen. They were treated terribly with certain rules they had to follow in order to live. They had no freedom and were regarded as slaves and only slaves. In Document three it states, “ Every Taino over the age of fourteen had to supply the rulers with a hawk’s bell of gold every three months (or in areas with no gold, twenty-five pounds of spun cotton)...” If these demands weren’t met, the punishment would be severe. Anything done wrong would result in death.
-Isabella had a mother named Isabella of Portugal and her father John (Juan) of Castile. -She had a half- brother, Henry IV and a younger brother Alfonso. Not a lot is known about Ferdinand’s childhood. -Ferdinand was born March 10, 1542. -His father was John II of Aragon and his mother was Juana Enriquez.
Columbian Exchange The most important historical impact of the Columbian Exchange is human because they are the first to form settlement on the native land. According to Mr. Johnson 's history slide shows Columbus sailing from Spain wanting to trade with India, however traveled to another route instead. Once he arrived to the new land he greeted with the indian tribe and convince them to trade with him. In the first Columbus video shows Columbus was a nice person who tries to negotiate with the indians, however the indian rebelled and caused destruction. The European in Columbus group dominated over the indians and used them for slavery.
1. Christopher Columbus- was a Spanish conquistador who went in front of the Spanish court to propose a plan to find a new ocean route for trade with the West Indies and Asia. Queen Isabella commissioned/funded his voyage to find a new trade route to Asia. He set out on this conquest with 3 ships - the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. He crossed the Atlantic and made landfall on an island he named San Salvador which was part of the Americas.
First off, both colonies were settle by English settlers around the 16th century. When settling the Chesapeake Bay, King James 1 chartered a joint stock called the Virginia Company for explicit religious mission. In the book, America a Narrative History the authors state, “The Virginia Company planted the first permanent colony in Virginia. On May 6, 1607, three tiny ships carrying 105 men and boys reached Chesapeake bay after four storm-tossed months at sea.” (Tindall, Shi 35-36). The New England region was made up of middle class families that were able to pay their way across the Atlantic.
APUSH SUMMER ASSIGNMENT 2016 – PART THREE – COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE The Columbian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds, which mostly took place during the 15th and the 16th centuries. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life. This phenomenon was a result of an accidental voyage from Christopher Columbus on 1492. Christopher Columbus was Italian explorer who, under the auspices of the Catholic monarchs of Spain- King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel, accidentally bumped into the Americas whilst finding a way to Asia from the west. He was the reason why the Colombian exchange took place, which led to mass demographic alterations in both the Old World and the New World.
A clear example of this is Olaudah Equiano, whose narrative has been published and is now well-known by many. His biography made a great impact in society and contributed to the banning of slave trade. Olaudah Equiano was only eleven years old when he and his sister were kidnapped from their home and sold to slave traders. Before being shipped to an unknown destination, they were held up in forts or most commonly know as “Slave Castles”. Afterwards, the circumstances in which they were transported were atrocious and nefarious.