This is a disease that is caused by scarring of lung tissue over time due to an unknown reason. The increase in fibrotic tissue decreases lung compliance and reduces the amount of volume lungs can accommodate. Pulmonary fibrosis also decreases gas diffusion
Greater than 90% of patients have some combination of urticaria, erythema, pruritus or angioedema4. Dyspnoea is present when patients have bronchospasm or upper airway edema such as in this patient because she already had underlying bronchial asthma with several attacks previously. Then, hypoxia and hypotension may cause weakness, dizziness or syncope. Basically the symptoms can involve cutaneous, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and neurologic. The clinical manifestation can occur within seconds of antigen exposure and with fatal reaction, respiratory and cardiovascular systems are often affected
This type of chest pain occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either blocked or narrowed. This can cause an uncomfortable pressure, fullness, and a squeezing sensation in the center of the chest. Known triggers are exertion and emotional stress. Stable angina is usually relieved with rest and medication such as nitroglycerin. Unstable angina is sometimes also called acute coronary syndrome.
A child may experience many common symptoms relating to Asthma. One of these being wheezing which is a whistling sound that occurs when a child breaths through narrowed airways. Wheezing is a familiar and regular symptom of Asthma. However, children with Asthma might not wheeze and children who wheeze might not have Asthma. Therefore, it is imperative that Asthma is diagnosed by a professional in this field, like a doctor.
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with
Some causes of this disease according to Gerard Burrow, are “Diseased heart muscle, chronic high blood pressure, a heart attack, and major cardiac arrhythmia”. The causes that are listed above actually cause congestive heart failure. With having congestive heart failure, patients are examined every six months or so depending on the severity of the disease. During that examination, there may be signs of the disease, according to Gerard Burrow: “In the Heart: 1) heart enlargement, 2) Increased heart rate, in the Lungs: Crackling noises (rales), leakage of fluid from the lungs, [and] in other areas: Swelling of the skin, edema of the lower back, buildup of fluid of the abdominal cavity, increased size of liver, ascites” (181) . This disease has its own ways of revealing itself to doctors.
Title of the proposal: Chronic diarrhea in the outpatient department: evaluation of demographic and clinical characteristics. Background: Chronic diarrhoea in adult is a common gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by various degrees of abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Most patients have long-standing symptoms . It is defined as the abnormal passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day for more than four weeks . This definition based on symptoms led to an overlap between functional bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome  and organic causes.
presence can be identified but it is much more difficult to prove its absence (Gosseries et al., 2011). Causes The vegetative state just like other disorders of consciousness can occur due to three main reasons; the first and most common cause is a traumatic brain injury. As a result of a severe head injury, for example an injury sustained during a car accident, a fall from a great height, or a violent assault, a person can enter into a state of vegetative consciousness. According to Gosseries et al. (2011), in most cases where the damage is severe, patients usually die within a few days.
INTRODUCTION Pressure ulcers are a serious and common problem for older individuals, affecting nearly 1 million adults in the United States. As the population ages, pressure ulcers will remain as a major health care problem. Generally, a pressure ulcer can be defined as any injury caused by unrelieved pressure that results in damage to underlying soft tissue when the tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and external surface over an extended period of time. With aging, local blood supply to the skin reduces, epithelial layers flatten and thin, subcutaneous fat decreases, and collagen fibers lose elasticity. These changes in aging skin and the resultant dropped easiness to hypoxia may develop pressure ulcer growth in older persons.
So because people who repeatedly gulp down caffeine develop tolerance to its intended effects so they can no longer gain from the caffeine’s capability to enhance performance and potential. Energy drinks can cause many negative consequences that can impact student’s life greatly. The amount of sugar found in energy drinks can contribute to a tremendous amount of weight gain and can cause type II diabetes. At some times, it can sometimes be used as a drug to produce a worse stimulant. It can also generate an emotional and physical dependence towards caffeine which can impose a person’s level of operating
Verapamil is useful in treating and preventing chest pains which were caused from contraction of the coronary arteries that reduces the flow of blood to the heart. Relaxing muscles in the arteries in the body lowers blood pressure and reduces the pressure against the heart. As a result, the heart is allowed to work less and requires less oxygen-carrying blood. Verapamil also decreases the conduction of electrical impulses through the heart that control the coordination of contraction (which creates the spasms) (Verapamil, Calan, Verelan, Isoptin: Drug Facts, Side Effects and Dosing. (n.d.).
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that affects the secretory system. A defective gene has to be inherited from both parents for a child to have the disease. CF is usually diagnosed at a young age. It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children; thankfully, treatments for this disease have improved over the years (Parker-Pope). Cystic fibrosis affects many parts of a person’s life; there are many symptoms, treatments, and social effects of this disease.