In Mia Couto 's novel, The Last Flight of the Flamingo, epigraphs are used as an introduction to each of the 21 chapters. Additionally, there is one before the prologue. Epigraphs are one of the key tools a writer could use to communicate directly to the reader, apart from the main content. As a method of foreshadowing, they enhance what is important, so that the reader knows what to pay attention to in the following chapter. Usually they require some sort of contextual understanding, such as through maintained literary analysis.
Means the historian’s task is less mimetic and the novelist can create additions to the record. Milan Kundera illustrates the differences between the historian and novelist in the Art of the Novel: A historian tells you about events that have taken place. … A novel examines not reality but existence. And existence is not what has occurred, existence is a realm of human possibilities, … Novelists draw up the map of existence by discovering this or that human possibilities. If a writer considers a historical situation a fresh and revealing possibility of human world, he will want to describe it as it is.
Regardless of whether characters in the books we read reflect others or ourselves, what is most critical is interfacing with them in ways that allow us to comprehend our identity today. Here and there finding out about our history through the eyes of various characters can be agitating or even agonizing, yet it additionally can be an enlivening to the obscure. Diversity in literature is also important because it has some influence on how different people are seen or not by some other cultures according to literature. When analyzing literary works, we must first see the structure of the work such as plot, which is the way that the author arranges the ideas or incidents that have place in the story. We also must take a close look to the character which is essential to the plot, without characters the writing would not have a true sense.
He does this to get the reader engaged in the story and want to read more. Authors use literary elements to convey multiple messages in a variety of ways to their audience. Every story is a quest. This means that the main character(s), or the questor(s), are trying to accomplish something or gain a better self knowledge. When the character is first introduced, he is first starting the quest, usually not knowing the end game.
In this essay, there will be an explanation on why Mikhail Bakhtin’s theories are important to literary studies, especially the novel. There will be referred to two of Bakhtin’s books, Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics (1984) and The Dialogic Imagination (1981). In these books Bakhtin refers to terms such as, polyphony and dialogism, and heteroglossia. These terms will be explained and used to explain why Bakhtin played such an important role in the world of literary studies. Bakhtin emphasises the historical, cultural and social aspects of literary texts and that texts should be read through their context.
Narrative technique consists of four main components. Moreover, it is important to identify these components in order to shed light on the ways in which they function in the story. The first component is the point of view, which is the perspective from which the author chooses to tell the story. It determines which characters ' thoughts and feelings are accessible to the reader. For instant, in the third person omniscient point of view, the narrator of the story is not one of the characters within the story but an authoritative authorial presence who is able to express the thoughts and feelings of all characters.
CHAPTER TWO Great Expectations as an Autobiographical Novel Auto biographical novel is a significant genre of literature. It is a kind of novel in which the author records his own experiences of life by adding fictional elements. In this novel character, themes and incidents are taken from author’s real life; but they are presented in exaggerated manner. It is not a copy paste of one’s life. Thus presentation of real life experiences in a modified form is called auto biographical novel.
There must be a plot which contains characters in a developing story. The novel can concentrate on the point of view of one or more characters. A novel can create a resistance between romance and realism. It offers window into the past. A collection of made up images.
There were a variety of concepts of meaning and methods proposed in approaching literature. In this assignment, I intend to apply Foucault’s ‘author-function’ and structuralism to read and interpret Jean Rhys’ short story. Foucault argued the necessity to examine and analysis the author as a position and function in discourse in ‘author-function’ analysis. Connors (at pp 59-66) also proposed that looking into the author’s life/experience, intentions and unconscious motivations are some ways in unraveling meanings of a work. To apply such analysis, knowing the author is a great starting point.
The word narrative translates as a spoken or written account of connected events; a story. The flow of reality and in the case of this essay the word narrative reflects the process of creativity or fiction as Ricoeur refers to it. This process of narrative forms an integral part in the creative process. This process makes use of imagination and memory to form a new fictional word or architecture. To understand the meaning of narrative the words of Macintyre (1984: 211) describes the function of narrative as a whole; "we dream in narrative, day-dream in narrative, remember, anticipate, hope, despair, believe, doubt, plan, revise, criticize, construct, gossip, learn, hate and love by narrative…".