In the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, the main character, Marcus Brutus, is the tragic hero. He is a tragic hero because he is presented as a noble, upright, virtuous man who is concerned for his country, and is tragically led to betray his friend, Julius Caesar. This is also supported by the fact that the other main character, Julius Caesar, dies in the middle of the play. Paired with Brutus’ ideal and goal of preserving and protecting the Republic from all enemies, internal and external; it is clear his character drives the action of the play. He is also the clear protagonist of the story, striving for a noble ideal that he fails to accomplish, and suffering both internal and external conflict as a result, with his failure distinctively marking him as the play’s tragic hero.
Leaders derive their power from a range of sources – military force, wealth, rank. However, leaders that we most admire win followers through the skill of persuasion. The ability of a speaker to persuade his listeners to agree with him signals that he is a powerful and astute figure. In the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, the character of Cassius attempts to convince Brutus that Caesar should be assassinated. Brutus, however, cares deeply for Caesar and is hesitant to kill the beloved hero of Rome.
Sylla was an ignorant fellow to abdicate the dictatorship. Men ought to consider what is becoming when they talk with me, and look upon what I say as a law” (Suentonius 77). The republic which has kept Rome stable for years is now being step on by Julius as he believes is the ultimate ruler. One other quote that states Julius disrespect towards the Rebublic comes from Philippics “Caesar now dislikes the Senate much more than ever. “Everything, he says, ‘will in future come from me” (philippics).
Decius’ manipulation of Caesar begins with Decius flattering Caesar, while calling him, "worthy Caesar," and, "mighty Caesar," multiple times(II:ii:58, II:ii:69, II:ii:94). Decius manipulates Caesar by flattering him. Decius’ constant flattery appeals to Caesar’s pride and allows Decius a way to connect with him. this flattery boosts Caesar’s confidence and gives Decius a way to indirectly begin manipulating Caesar. Also, to convince Caesar not to worry about Calpurnia’s dream, Decius assures Caesar that Calpurnia’s dream, "signifies that from [Caesar] great Rome shall suck," and that, “great men shall press,” treasured things into Caesar’s, “reviving blood,”(II:ii:87-88).
Anthony offers the, this crown to show them that they are now in control of their own country and that they are no longer slaves to the government because of great Caesar. This helps flips the people 's opinion on caesar from negative now to a positive, and they think of caesar as their savior. This connects to the idea of rather being a poor master than a rich slave. The Roman people wanted to feel that he was there leader and not just one of his minions and he was doing everything for himself. The idea that Sir Michael Caine has brought to discussion is very intriguing.
Persuasion is the action or fact of persuading someone or of being persuaded to do or believe something. During the turning point of the play, Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, Caesar’s good friend, uses persuasion to win over the plebians. In the beginning, the reader sees the beginning of conflict within Rome’s power. As the play continues the conflict grows stronger and leads to the death of Julius Caesar. Mark Antony seems to take the whole situation okay until he is left alone, where he reveals he will avenge Caesar.
Brutus delivers a speech after the assassination of Julius Caesar and uses loaded words, which are words meant to stir emotions. Brutus uses the words “freeman,” “slave,” “bondman,” “honor,” and “love” to stir the emotions of the Roman people (Shakespeare 42). Brutus uses this specific rhetorical device to convey his sense of patriotism Roman populace. Brutus wants his fellow Romans to understand why he took part in assassinating Caesar, an ambitious ruler. These loaded words produce emotions of patriotism and nationalism.
Brutus’ judgement in making this decision is not clouded by jealousy or envy of Caesar. The main reason for Brutus to join the conspiracy is Caesar’s unpredictability when he becomes king. Brutus says that when ambitious leaders get to the top they forget the common people that helped them get there (II, i, 21-26).
Antony wants to remind the Romans that he is credible for speaking of Caesar “that love my friend, and that they know full well, that gave me public leave to speak of him” (III.ii.215-216) Antony uses ethos after telling the Romans everything to convince them in being against that conspirators’ that he can speak of Caesar because he was a close friend of Caesar. Antony convinces the Romans to retribute the conspirators’ for what they have done “In every wound of Caesar that should move the stones of Rome to rise and mutiny” (III.ii.225-226) Antony wants revenge and is convincing the Romans to riot by using pathos. Antony wants the Romans to feel sorry about Caesar’s death “here was a Caesar! When comes such another?”
Maria Garcia from Film Journal International writes, “The play is set in imperial Rome and is mainly about the conspirators, especially Brutus, whose relationship to Caesar lies at the core of the tragedy”. This evidence clearly hints at the political intrigue that takes place in the
In the play Julius Caesar, Antony’s speech was more persuasive than Brutus’s speech. Antony persuaded the people of Rome not by what he said, but by how he said it. Pathos and logos were used as a means of persuasion throughout his speech. He also used lots of literary devices in his speech like irony, bandwagon, strawman, appeal to pity, and symbolism. The most common type of irony used was verbal.
Antony’s funeral oration is one of the most important speeches in Julius Caesar. Antony is the most skillful speaker because of his ability to turn a mass of uneducated plebeians once faithful towards the conspirators completely against them with emotional appeals. In Antony’s speech, one of his uses of emotional appeals is to create a kind and friendly relationship with plebeians. At the beginning of his discourse, he uses a synecdoche and asyndeton with his appeal.
The Better Speech “A speech should not be just be a sharing of information, but a sharing of yourself.” This quote by Ralph Archbold is relevant in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar when Brutus and Antony spoke to the people of Rome, after Caesar’s death. Although Brutus was an honorable man, his speech did not get the outcome he wanted. Antony was very cunning, concise and used pathos to influence the people of Rome. Overall, Antony knew beforehand how to manipulate the crowd with his speech more than Brutus.
Julius Caesar, one of the humblest leaders of Rome, may have been misread. Throughout his brief leadership of Rome, Julius Caesar has done many things that made people of Rome suspicious of his moral intentions. These people that had their suspicions in Caesar became the conspirators that killed him. Some of the things that Julius did were Julius refused the crown of Rome, he did not let the citizens of Rome persuade his decision about Publius Cimber, and he also refused to listen to the people who told him about the conspiracy.
The tragic flaw in Marcus Brutus was his pride. Brutus was lulled into the conspiracy to assassinate Caesar with Cassius’ flattery and also flattery in the form of letters forged by Cassius to appear that various Romans had lauded Brutus. Brutus would best fit Aristotle’s description of the tragic hero because of his pride—that is, pride in his integrity and pride in his reputation. Brutus’ pride in his integrity is demonstrated when Cassius approaches him because Brutus has “wronged” Cassius (p. 103-105) In a time of battle, Brutus attacked Cassius for defending a man who took bribes from the Sardians (p. 103).