Another reason for trading in Indonesia was the spirit of competition. Before 1602, the Portuguese dominated trade in the region. (Mintz 49, 52) The Dutch Prince Maurice encouraged the VOC to set up trade with the Spice Islands and to drive out the Portuguese from those lands. As an added bonus, the Netherlands were able to capture many of the enemy’s fortresses and trading posts. (van Dam 4) It is clear that the Dutch mostly wanted profit and economic domination in Indonesia, and were determined to complete those goals with the use of the East India Trading Company.
Causes and Effects of the Boston Tea Party On December 16 1773, the Sons of Liberty led by Samuel Adams, conducted a union of Patriots to the Boston Harbor. King George had recently confirmed the Tea Act, which forced colonists to pay for unreasonably taxed tea. Furthermore, they plotted to boycott tea because of it. This boycott began the Boston Tea Party, causing many other crises after, leading to the Revolutionary War. By diminishing the tax on imported British tea, this act gave British merchants a biased advantage in selling their tea in America.
The Spanish and Portuguese had been exploring the new world far before the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans, but the pressure of the newly rising empire pushed the idea of the “Three G’s” furthermore. The Ottomans conquered Constantinople in 1453, renaming the city Istanbul. Because of the convenient location of the city, the Ottomans now had control over the Silk Roads. They took advantage of this and forced the European nations to pay high taxes for Asian luxury goods. The unfair taxing of the nations led to the desire to “cut out the middleman” and trade directly with the Far East.
Mercantilism was the main reason for the increase of tariffs. Traders were restricted to import goods outside France while export brought benefits and profits to France in rulers’ point of view. Native-born professionals and elites in the Spain were insulted by Spanish kings in order to exercise their power over the citizens of the colonies and to set heavy taxes to them. Therefore, the elites brought about enlightenment to arouse public awareness about the overthrow of government upon
According to the PBS Timeline of Marijuana in the US, Cannabis’s domestic production was encouraged until the early 1900’s when the Pure Food and Drug Act required that any over the counter remedies that contained cannabis should be labeled as such. This essentially started the movement to fear marijuana. In the 1910’s Mexican immigrants flooded the US and introduced the public to recreational use of marijuana but because of their immigrant status, anti-drug campaigners “warned against the encroaching “Marijuana Menace,” and terrible crimes were attributed to marijuana and the Mexicans who used it.” The Great Depression’s massive unemployment rate furthered the publics’ resentment of the Mexican immigrants and the use of marijuana which
Zumarraga’s and other activists actions, over time, pushed for the removal of such practice except for northern parts of Mexico, after all, the lands were not going to work itself to produce the wealth the Spaniards required. The newly acquired lands needed to produce profits sans high cost of production, resulted in the most logical alternative: free labor, and who better than the native Indians and in the later later years, Africans, who were eventually imported by the masses, to carry out these functions? The Spaniards undoubtedly enjoyed the authority they were granted providing their share of profits be made to the crown. They felt a sense of entitlement and invisibility, as they were men, part of a society of conquerors, and in some ways regarded themselves as “owners of the known world”. In Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz poem ‘Arraignment of Men” points out the duplicity regarding men’s innate need to control and condemn others for the same fallacies they themselves exhibit, “You men are such foolish breed, appraising with a faulty rule, the first you charge with being cruel, the second easy you decree”
In Great Britain, instead of spending their own silver, they sold opium with Chinese citizens for silver to be used to trade between governments. Great Britain was exploiting China for its products while also smuggling in illegal drugs. After China ordered the opium to be taken away in 1839, merchants were outraged and asked the British government for assistance. The British soon attacked along the Chinese coast in June of 1840, and with their old military technology, China lost to the British. Britain made China agree to pay a large fine, open five more ports to foreign trade, give British citizens special legal rights in China, and offer the British a 99-year lease for the island of Hong Kong.
Europeans came to the Americas with the goal of enriching themselves through the New World’s resources at the expense of the Native Americans. The Spanish forced Native Americans to “settle at the missions so that they could be more easily controlled and their labor used” and when the natives were rarely permitted to leave the mission to hunt “they would hold family members hostage to ensure that the hunter-gatherers would return” . Furthermore, Europeans have used all possible means to extract wealth from the Americas including legalizing practices such as the “imposition of intolerable tribute burdens on the Indians, the destructive, wasteful exploitation of Indian labor in enterprises like mining and pearl-fishing and in some area a large-scale traffic in Indian slaves” . Clearly, the Spaniards jeopardized the lives of Native Americans to serve their ambitions, as they were forced to work in difficult, often dangerous conditions such as mercury mines without giving them a rest, completely disregarding of their humanity. de Ayala argued “the Indians should not be forced to labor in the mercury mines for a year.
During the 17th century addiction was actually considered a practice, it was also called the Roman law which means that a human can be handed over to a master or being passed onto the highest bidder (Victorianweb.org). It’s exactly like an auction and how you sell the object to the highest bidder. Pre-Victorians used opium the most between the artists and
After the French and Indian War, Britain needed money to pay for the war debts. So, they decided that to raise money they can tax the colonists for lead, glass, paper, tea, and much more. Many acts were passed that said that the colonists have to pay for certain goods. The colonists thought that Britain did not have the right to tax them. So, they started protesting, boycotting, and many things that can have negative effects for the British.
Sugar was one of the most demanding goods, thus, the sugar production increased dramatically. Slaves played a huge part in this since they were the ones who help produce sugar. If it was not for the distilled drinks, then the slave trade would not have been so big and caused disputes about slavery. Journal #8. Page 119- “New England’s rum distillers led the opposition to the new rules by helping to organize a boycott of imports from Britain.” Response - In this passage, New England had distilling due to the rum’s popularity in the colonies since there were only a few choices of alcoholic beverages.
The British were in massive debt following the French and Indian war, therefore they placed taxes on the colonists in order to regenerate some of that money lost. The Sugar Act of 1764 taxed the sale of molasses in hopes to gain some lost money, but this act led the people of Boston to boycott the molasses industry. The Stamp Act of 1765 shortly followed, making colonists buy a stamp with every paper product. The rage the colonists felt over the passing of this act, led the colonies to begin to unify as they together boycotted the trade industry. The Townshend Duties of 1767 imposed taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea, but this only led to the colonist to again boycott the trade of those items and start newspaper attack.
Over the past few years, we colonists have been getting more and more annoyed with the English King and want to form our own country. Over the last few years, the king of England has treated the colonists very unfairly. The first reason why we should secede is because of the Sugar Act. During this event, we were forced to buy sugar and molasses from England. Then, the king heavily taxed us for buying these goods.
stamped paper it also taxed land grants, pamphlets, playing cards, and calendars”(97). This angered people due to the fact that everything that used to be free, was now costing money that went straight to the British Troops commissioned to protect the colonies against invaders. In 1773, the dreaded Tea Act the ironic thing about it was it actually lowered the price of tea in the colonies but the problem was any product shipped to the colonies had to pass through England, upon getting the tea from the East Indies the English merchants had to pay a tax on their purchase. The catch was the East India Company would choose a select group of colonial merchants who were permitted to sell the Tea. On December 16, 1773 a group of led by Samuel Adams climbed on ships in the Boston Harbor storing tea and threw out 340 crates of tea into the harbor The books approach on answering the question in the title of the book was pretty good but had a few weaknesses; Fea did a good job of getting major points that answered yes and no to the main question.
The battle of Lexington and Concord, a very famous battle in history, but why. Why is this event so important to are history that the story of its legacy gets passed on from generation to generation? In the 1700s The British finally won the French and Indian war at an extremely large expense. The British started to tax the new world for all that they had lost and blamed them for some of their expenses. The Boston Tea Party, Sugar Act, Tea Act, and Stamp Act all helped to inflame each side in this and help each side to grow hatred for eachother.