The famous civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr. once said: “We must accept finite disappointment, but never lose infinite hope.” Set in rural India at the dawning of a new age, Kamala Markandaya’s Nectar in a sieve tells the story of young woman Rukmani and her life with her husband Nathan, a tenant farmer whom she marries as a child bride. Throughout the book, Rukmani and her family face countless hardships and sufferings; however, she manages to keep hope and persistently battle for a better future. Markandaya thoroughly displays hope by using character Rukmani through her infertility experience, deaths of her sons, and unexpected encounter with Puli. First, the author portrays the theme of hope when Rukmani fails to bear many kids despite her continuous effort. At the beginning of her marriage, she bears a beautiful, fair daughter, Irawaddy; but for the next seven years, she faces the barrenness that is devastating in a society that depends upon the sons for their ability to work and care for their families.
Ammayya’s mom consoles her that she must feel proud that her husband was able to support two women and that since she was treated like a queen there was nothing to worry about and also instructs her to continue her role of a wife efficiently. Along with portray of this novel India in microcosm through life in a small fictitious town Toturpuram near Madras. It was about Sripathi Rao, his wife Nirmala, and their families. It complex traces the lives of ordinary Brahmin people through extraordinary times of political and social transformations in power structures in southern India, and the resultant shifts in individual values, expectations, and lifestyles. The plot of the novel was constructed with the present mingling with the past events through the memory
The verse that binds a person to Islam and triggers the rebirth of him as a Muslim is it itself conclusive enough to set the priority of a believer. Allah is the one and only god and that is the first thing a person brings faith upon, and that is the one thing, if overlooked or violated; renders the person a non-Muslim. The act of staining the belief in the oneness of Allah is known as “shirk”. It can be understood through the word polytheism, which refers to worshipping other beings or objects along with Allah. Vastly it implies attributing divine characteristics to any other besides Allah and associating partners in worship with Allah.
Anita Rau Badami’s second novel, The Hero’s Walk, is an acknowledgement of ordinary and extraordinary acts of heroism in daily life. Anita Rau Badami won the Commonwealth Best Booker Prize in the Canada/Caribbean region for her second novel The Hero’s Walk (2001). This novel is about an Indian Brahmin family finding its way within the Hindu tradition at the end of the twentieth century. Intensive reading examines the poignant feeling to connect back to her native country but also being confronted with contemporary problems they have to adapt themselves. Reconsider their opinions about what is important in life and rooted in the new culture.
The myth of Inanna and The Epic of Gilgamesh show a change in society in the Ancient civilization of Uruk. In the myth, Inanna, females played a more primary role and were seen as equals to men. Inanna is the Goddess of the Earth and Heavens. In the myth, The Epic of Gilgamesh, men’s roles played a more primary role than women’s. Gilgamesh is the King of Uruk and is a strong warrior.
Much has been written on Jamal al-Din Afghani, a political activist and a writer who inspired the need for reformation across the Muslim World. Controversial figure during his lifetime, his origins remain mysterious, it is believed that he was ethnically Persian therefore of Shi’a descend and education. It is possible that he adopted the pen name ‘Al-Afghani’ in order to avoid Sunni mistrust. Spending his life travelling and lecturing; Al-Afghani lived during the height of European Colonization and he sought to unify, fortify and salvage Islam in the face of the West. Stressing the need for Islamic unity and modernism, Al-Afghani believed that religion was essential catalytic force in the progress of humanity and he wished not to abandon
Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger tells the story of Balram Halwai and how he got away with the murder of his master, Mr. Ashok. A common theme throughout the novel is questioning the validity of religious devotion and the idolization of a servant’s master. In The White Tiger, Balram appears religious when spending time with wealthy, powerful individuals, such as Mr. Ashok, or following Indian traditions, but switches to impious when he is focusing on self-gain. Ultimately, Adiga argues through Balram’s inconsistent infidelity that religion in India has lost its meaning and is simply a tool used to create hierarchies in society, such as master versus servant and servant versus servant. When Balram tells retrospective or outlandish stories, he always seems to portray himself as religiously skeptical in order to satirize and criticize the uselessness of religion in modern-day India and the hierarchies it forms.
AROCHUKWU the First DIETY There are several versions to the origins. The Bishop Anyogu was born to parents from Onitsha. According to history, the people of Onitsha originated from the Arochukwu area and environs. Note that the meaning of AroChukwu
Eka Kurniawan’s Indonesian epic / family-tale is being haunted by history in his Beauty is a Wound. Set in the riotous period in the pre-World War II era through the predominant parts of the 20th century, the book pulls off a fearless retelling of Dewi Ayu’s family history and of Indonesia’s history, in a graceful, non-oppressive, and unforced manner. It is a period of constant extraordinary shifts and turns spanning from the Dutch colonial rule to the shift onto the Japanese control, and even up to the Indonesians’ affiance on engagement on the uproar and revolution, attempted, successful and some failed coups, and the violent elimination and overthrowing of the republic’s first president. Far from dead and buried are history and a few characters from the book manifested in the way at least one character rises from sleep, while the others found their way in various forms of spirits. Indeed, the novel commences remarkably: “One afternoon on a weekend in May, Dewi Ayu rose from her grave after being dead for twenty-one years.” (1) Dewi Ayu was born to Henri and Aneu Stammler in the 1920s, was raised in the port city of Halimunda by her grandparents who both lived as Dutch plantation owners (a rich family).
Anita Mazumadar Desai is one of the distinguished Indian English novelist whose writings have attracted most extensive critical attention in India and abroad. She is very much noted for her sensitive portrayal of the inner life of her female actress. Several of Deasi’s novels explore tension between family members and the alienations of