All this leads to a smaller workforce (DJC’s 94 vs. ACC’s 396). DJC could easily replicate this US if it chooses to relocate. The product design strategy of DJC was more oriented towards making the operations more streamlined and reliable. It believed that efficient manufacturing was the basis of its competitive strategy. This is in contrast to the batch production process followed by ACC which accommodated greater customer flexibility but at the cost of efficiency with some product lines being as long as 1.5 to 2 days 4.
This will ensure construct, external and internal validity and reliability. Comprehensive and systematic organisation of data by means of a database is of utmost importance to strengthen the study. 4.4 DATA ANALYSIS METHOD Because case studies tend to be exploratory, most end with implications for further study. The researcher may be able to identify significant variables that emerged during the research and suggest studies related to these. Yin (2003a) maintains that data analysis consists of "examining, categorizing, tabulating, testing, or otherwise recombining both quantitative and qualitative evidence to address the initial propositions of a study" According to Yin there are the following analytic strategies for case studies: 1.
RPA implementation is relatively easy and cost effective than major IT updates thus RPA is likely to change the financial sector in quick secession and be a differentiator. So, what is this RPA? RPA is a technology that analyses action of humans and imitates the same through existing applications, thus performs the same function a human doing repetitive work does. It can interpret and analyse present data, manipulate it and communicate with various systems. Implementation of RPA is best applicable for those applications that are repetitive and standardised; RPA eliminates bore and redundant tasks and frees the resources to perform more innovative tasks.
Under this step, there are a number of activities software quality specials perform; these are reviews such as formal design reviews and peer reviews, expert opinions, software testing, software maintenance and finally, the assurance of the quality of external participants’ work which ensures that any efforts by external members meet the quality and standards of the organization. iii. Infrastructure components for error prevention and Improvement The major function of this component is to minimize the number of errors in the software developed and advance their productivity. This is accomplished through the use of the following sub-components. • Procedures and Work Instructions This subcomponent is depend on the knowledge and experience that organization used to ensure the quality assurance of the given software for example having a detailed guideline ensures that all members of the organization must follow to achieve some goal of the software.
In case of softwares, theorem prover is used to verify whether a software is able to give a particular result by combining historical results and new parameters. It is also used in Automata Theory to check if, for a particular input, automata reaches to the final state or not. So, seeing its application in such diverse fields inspired us to work on an optimization alogrithm for the problem. 1.1.1 Some Wonderful Minds If one talks about logic, one must not omit the name of George Boole  who was the one to formalize logic. He developed the language to formally express real life logic and devised rules to process and make inferences out of a set of rules and facts.
ABC inventory classification will simplify the rules for planning and procurement as corresponding rules are defined not for individual materials but for all A-parts, B-parts, and C-parts. According to apics-redwood.org and eazystock.com, ABC analysis provides the means for identifying the parts that make the largest impact on a company’s overall inventory cost performance. Different controls are used to improve the overall inventory performance: o ‘A’ items have tighter controls on inventory records and more frequent reviews of forecasting, demand requirements, order quantities, safety stocks, and cycle counts. o ‘B’ items have reviews less frequently than ‘A’ items. o ‘C’ items have the simplest controls.
One of the most important robust optimization techniques is Taguchi method .Taguchi method is a technique for designing and performing experiments to investigate processes in which the output depends on many factors (variables, inputs) without having tediously and uneconomically run of the process using all the possible combinations of values. Thanks to systematically chosen certain combinations of factors it is possible to separate their individual effects. The Taguchi approach enables a comprehensive understanding of the combined and individual process parameters from a minimum number of simulation trials. The quality engineering method proposed by Taguchi gives a new experimental strategy in which a modified and standardized form of design of experiment is used. In other words, the Taguchi approach is a form of DOE with special application principles.
CONCEPT PAPER ON ACTIVITY BASED COSTING In recent years, companies have reduced their dependency on traditional accounting systems Developing activity-based cost management systems. Traditional costing systems have a tendency to assign indirect costs based on something easy to identify (such as direct labor hours). This method of assigning costs can be very inaccurate because there is no actual relationship between the cost pool and the cost driver. This can make indirect costs allocation inaccurate. Initially, managers viewed the ABC approach as a more accurate way of calculating product costs.
Proper analysis, documentation, and commended code are signs of an engineer. It is argued that software engineering is engineering. Programs have may properties that can be measured. For example, the performance and scalability of programs under various workloads can be measured. The effectiveness of caches, bigger processors, faster networks, newer databases are engineering issues.
In its most general form it is concerned with the understanding of information transfer and transformation. Particular interest is placed on making processes efficient and endowing them with some form of intelligence. The discipline ranges from theoretical studies of algorithms to practical problems of implementation in terms of computational hardware and