Whitman uses two kinds of proofs in order to persuade his audience. Firstly, whitman uses a proof known as Examples: “For example, X and Y demonstrate that Z happens.” Whitman implements this proof by first making the claim, “America led the world in race-based law making…(Whitman para. 3 ).” Whitman then supports this claim by providing an example of immigration legislation passed by congress. Whitman quotes Attorney General Jeff Sessions, “Congress passed immigration legislation designed to guarantee predominance of immigrants from northern Europe, largely shutting the door on Jews, Italians, Asians, and others. As Nazi commentators approvingly put it, this was law intended to keep out ‘undesirables.’ (Whitman para.
To reveal his position and to prove the growing impact of the official position and media on the perception of crucial problems by Americans, Gore researches and criticizes of George W. Bush and his administration in reference to the United States of America post-9/11 policies. to place it more accurately, he argues that the Bush administration skillfully used the shock that affected the country once the fear attacks, so as to attain its own goals, as well as the war in Iraq and Afghanistan. The author stands on the bottom that the
I think these governments did it either to badmouth another country or to tell the public what they wanted the public to know. It sparked an interest in me as the government's pride or nationalism which made them go to significant lengths to show the public what was right and what was wrong, labelling countries and letting the public know that enlisting to fight against this country was good as they were bad and if you fought against them then you would be a hero. Generally speaking the government would say that if you enlisted that your sacrifice would be rewarded. Due to the government's influence, people were buying books, newspapers, paintings and pictures of propaganda without a thought that the government were misleading them. Without the government controlling propaganda, the British public would have known what was happening, which would lead to people not wanting to enlist.
There is a difference between being selfish and being greedy. The definition of greed is “Intense desire for something, especially wealth or power”, whereas the definition of selfish is “Lacking consideration for others”. During the Gilded Age, America was characterized as the Land of the Free, which attracted immigrants from all over the world to come live the American Dream. Was it greedy or selfish for these immigrants to come to America and improve their way of living? During the Gilded Age, greed is what motivated industrial innovation and for people to improve their ways of living.
The title, “Can the Subaltern Speak?” insinuates that western academic writings are often produced to support the western’s interest. Spivak (1988) holds that knowledge is never innocent and that it expresses the interests of its producers. People write with their own interest in mind, hardly the interest of others. However, Spivak in “Can the Subaltern Speak?” has the opportunity to engage in the colonial discourse that has been written by westerners. As a postcolonial critic, she is able to deconstruct what has been said.
According to Michael A. Cacciatore, the distinctions in substance recommend that public discourse is molded by information platform of media consumers (Cacciatore et al., 2012). Mass media only display certain information in order to get the response that they want from the public or that can benefit them. J.M Balkin states that politicians and political operatives can invigorate the political virtues of straightforwardness through expository and media control (Balkin, 1999). As stated before, mass media is believed to be condoning to media manipulation and tend to convert coverage of politics. On the other hand, Carl Robert Keyes suggests that focus is given to newspaper advertisements for patriotic purposes and other prints related to U.S history (Keyes, 2014).
In “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception, ” authors Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno argue that the definition of mass culture as something that is determined by the majority of a population is false. They believe that the characteristics that define the mass culture of society is, in reality, determined by those who work in the mass production of media. In their essay, the authors express that culture has turned in to an industry, in which the motivation to circulate media among the population is to make money. Mass culture is the concept of a population giving rise to a uniform set of intellectual and artistic values and practices, used by capitalist societies because this it allows for media producers to manufacture media that conforms to mass culture and to create different levels of culture within the masses of society, all to increase sales and profits for the culture industry. In the concept of mass culture, the “masses” who form the majority of a population also are the consumers who spend money for circulated art and media, and help
Adorno and Horkheimer drew from Marx with regards to capitalism. According to Lorimer and Scannell (1994), “Following Marx, they saw the application of capitalist methods to cultural production as exploitative of the mass of the production” (p. 165). Adorno and Horkheimer believed that mass culture due to capitalism makes it homogenous. The audience then becomes homogenous and unified. Baofu (2009) further explains the culture industry as, “Popular culture is akin to a factory producing standardized cultural goods to manipulate the masses into passivity; the easy pleasures available through consumption of popular culture make people docile and content, no matter how difficult their economic circumstances.” (p. 184).
In the twentieth century, conflicts were fought on the front lines and the minds of the people through propaganda. Global governments applied persuasive communication by the use of visual images, which can be easily recognized and understood, to agitate or psersuade the general public. “Hitler’s fervent desire to attain propaganda supremacy among nations was a direct result of the German defeat in World War I and his belief that superior allied propaganda trumped Kaiser Wilhelm II’s meager output.” It seemed that Hilter valued the importance of effective propaganda by appointing Josef Goebbels, as The Reichs Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda minister, to enforce Nazim idealogy. The ministry was responsible for censorship and controlling the literature, visual arts, broadcasting and other forms of mass media. They used propaganda to influence the way people think.
They told us that colonialism "existed for the sake of the colonials and not the colonizers." (Martin, 2013) Constantino (1959) pointed out that the concept of free trade was actually a bait that we enthusiastically swallowed. What Filipinos did not know was that there was an ulterior motive to it - control over our economy. We were too blind to see it as we focused on the pseudo-perks that American sovereignty fed us. These include American media and products, which are nothing but tools to divert our nationalism into internationalism, resulting to our Filipino culture dying down and being replaced by the Americans'.