Citizen Kane Narrative Techniques

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Citizen Kane , a film directed by Orson Welles, showcases many fascinating elements of filmmaking. The way that Welles illustrates these elements of filmmaking is the reason that James Naramore describes Citizen Kane as a powerful work of art. The narrative structure of Citizen Kane is an examination into the life of Charles Foster Kane, from his ambiguous upbringing as a child to his renowned success as a newspaper tycoon throughout his entire adulthood. Welles’ narrative structure and use of specific techniques of sound and cinematography create significant meanings and effects throughout the film. Furthermore, Welles’ stresses the cinematographic technique of deep-focus photography and a variety of camera angles (i.e. wide-angle photography) throughout a variety of scenes. One scene that drew my interest in Welles’ cinematographic technique was a scene from Kane’s childhood during the beginning of the film, in which his fate is determined. Welles uses a deep focus shot in this scene. The meaning of the deep-focus shot used by Welles is to compare this character’s power in relation to the other…show more content…
Specifically, a scene from the end of the film shows sleds with Kane’s last word before death, “rosebud,” that are burning while nondiegetic music is playing in the background. The nondiegetic music in the background has no relation to the action in the scene, however the meaning of the music is a trick by Welles to show that the life of Charles Kane is mysterious and complex. The nondiegetic music is used with a foreboding and emotional tone by Welles during this scene. Although, it does not give the audience any hints into Kane’s life, the music’s effect is that it keeps the audience intrigued at the end of the film. Overall, Welles uses the nondiegetic music at the end of the film to suggest a conclusion that cinema is

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