Citrus Oils Lab Report

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Abstract
Difference in their genetic makeup might be one of the main reasons for the differences observed in the chemical composition of essential oils.
Introduction
The genus citrus belongs to the family of rutaceae and consists of nearly 140 genera and 1,300 species including Citrus reticulata (tangerine), Citrus sinensis (Orange), Citrus aurantifolia (lime), Citrus aurantium (sour orange), Citrus limon (Lemon), Citrus grandis (shaddock), Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) and Citrus medica (Citron). Citrus is one of the world’s major fruit crops and is grown in countries having tropical or subtropical climate; Brazil, USA, japan, China, Mexico, Pakistan, etc. being the major citrus producers (Darjazia, 2014, Kamal et al., 2011).
The fruit are processed industrially and is also consumed as fresh.
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Citrus peels, among them, are a potential source of essential oils, and other secondary plant metabolites (Kamal et al., 2011). The complex mixture of hydrocarbons and oxygenated compounds obtained/derived from these hydrocarbons is known as essential oil.
The demand of citrus essential oils has increased in the world during past few decades (Periyanayagam et al.,

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