Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (1965) Facts: Two plaintiff, Griswold and Buxton, were the Executive and Medical Directors for Planned Parenthood League at Connecticut State respectively. They had been accused and later convicted and fined $100 each for violating the Connecticut Comstock Act of 1873. The Act illegalized any use of drugs, medical item, or any other appliance for the purposes of preventing conception. Griswold and Buxton had been found quilt of giving information, medical advices, and counselling to couples about family planning. These directors were claiming that the ruling that led to their conviction had violated the 14th Amendment, which states citizens’ rights to privacy and equal protections from the laws.
On December of 1946, an American military tribunal proceeds against German physicians who conducted medical experiments on thousands of concentration camp prisoners without consent, which in most cases resulted in disfigurement, permanent disability, or death (“Human Experiments in History”, n.d.). The experiment conducted during the Holocaust included attempts to genetically manipulate twins, malaria experiments, immunization experiments, exposure to chemical gasses and diseases, freezing experiments, among other cruel experiments. The crimes were formed as part of the Nuremberg Trial and in 1948 it led to the development of the Nuremberg Code of medical ethics. The code states that “The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential,” and that the benefits of research must overweight the risks (Shuster, 1997). Additionally, the code states that experiments will avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury (Shuster, 1997).
The case Liebeck v. McDonald’s has been a widespread tort case for its outrageous compensatory damages after, the plaintiff spilled coffee in her inner legs causing a third-degree burn. Based on actual facts, the plaintiff, 79 years old Stella Liebeck, ordered a coffee at a McDonald’s drive-thru in Albuquerque. With the vehicle parked, the plaintiff opened the Stylophone cup to add creams and sugars consequently, spilling coffee in her lap. The plaintiff’s grandson rushed Mrs. Liebeck to the hospital, leaving the plaintiff for a week hospitalized with six percent of her body, including her inner thighs, perineum, buttocks, genital, and groin areas burned to a third-degree. However, the plaintiff medical bills ended up with a total of $10,000 dollars.
Hospital Employee received 18 months in jail for HIPAA Violations On February 24, 2015, 30 years old Joshua Hippler, was found guilty for convicting HIPPA Violation and has been sentenced to serve 18 months in jail. Hippler was a former employee at East Texas hospital where he was alleged to have accessed to Protected Health Information. But instead he was intentionally selling patient’s information for his own personal gain. Hippler was indicted by a federal grand jury on Mar. 26, 2014 and the case was heard by United States Magistrate Judge John D. Love on August 28, 2014.
“Medicine, Malice and Monopoly”- this is what the documentary Fire In The Blood by Dylan Mohan Gray talks about. The film was shot across four continents and focuses on the destruction and mass killing that was caused by intentional obstruction caused by Antiretroviral Drugs or the ARVs used for the treatment of HIV from reaching the common people. This monopoly of the Western Pharmaceutical companies was empowered by the patent monopolies and the government doing their bidding. This movie covers the views of the former US president Bill Clinton, intellectual property activist James Love, global health reporter Donald McNeil, HIV treatment activist Zackie Achmat, pioneering generic drugmaker Yusuf Hamied, former Pfizer executive Peter Rost and many more people. The movie is very much impactful as it exposes the reality of the Western Pharmaceutical companies of how they use the patent law to keep the profit exceptionally high at the expense of people’s lives.
The Nuremberg Trial was the moment in history when sixteen German physicians were found guilty of crimes of war, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy for their actions during World War II. The trial led to the implementation of the Nuremberg code: a set of principles created to improve the ethical and moral treatment of research participants. Multiple criminal actions were taken by physicians during the war. Coleman quotes the trial transcripts when stating the physicians, “…took a consenting part in… medical experiments without the subjects’ consent…in the course of which experiments the defendants committed murders, brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities, and other inhuman acts.” (Coleman et al. 17).
But are there real ones, too? yes, according to ethnobotanist wade Davis. in his 1985 book The Serpent and the Rainbow, he investigates zombification and vodoun culture in Haiti and uncovers the strange tale of Clairvius Narcisse. The man was pronounced dead on May 2,1964, three days after he had Checked into a hospital complaining of flu like symptoms and coughing up blood. Eighteen years later, Narcisse presented himself to his long-lost sister with a boyhood nickname that only family knew.
In 1987, acclaimed horror author Stephen King published what he referred to as ‘the scariest 310 pages in history.” The book, titled Misery, told the story of novelist Paul Sheldon who gets badly injured in a car accident and is imprisoned by his ‘biggest fan’ Annie Wilkes who had rescued him on the side of the road. For two decades after its publication, Stephen King refused to admit his reasons for publishing the novel. Finally, in 2007, King revealed the true meaning and message of the book; Prescription Drug Addiction. It is clear throughout the novel that Annie Wilkes holding Paul hostage symbolizes King’s past dependence on prescription medications and how desperately he relied on them. This is evident in how Paul (who has two broken
¨She came up with circumstantial links from her father to a string of unsolved murders across the United States, from the family home in Massachusetts to California¨ (Katz 191). Amazingly, Knowlton’s family members were able to support her claims that George Knowlton was indeed a vicious man, and that he had boasted about having carried out numerous murders and not being caught (Katz 191). Unfortunately for officers, George Knowlton died in a car crash in 1962 near the area of Claremore, Oklahoma (Katz 191). In 1995, Janice published her book, Daddy Was the Black Dahlia Killer, and later committed suicide at age 67 in year 2004 (Katz 191). Through compelling evidence, Janice and her family declares George Knowlton as the Black Dahlia killer.
Holden has so many courteous words to describe Allie. The impact of losing his brother seems to be very difficult for Holden. Salinger uses Allie’s death to show that cancer, primarily pediatric cancer, has a huge effect on the child’s family. Holden continues on stating that when he was thirteen “...they were going to have me psychoanalyzed and all, because I broke all the windows in the garage. I don’t blame them.
When sent to court in Maricopa County he was found guilty of arson and the sentence could have been 10 to 20 years. However, during the proceeding Marin had swallowed cyanide to escape his fate. We also spoke about a Marxist theory that stated that government creates criminal laws to benefit the people who own the means of economic production. It reminded me of my previous post on the forum which spoke about private prison groups lobbying to create
Griswold V. Connecticut 381 U.S. 479 (1965) Facts: The two appellants Griswold and Buxton were both arrested and charged under the Connecticut Comstock Act of 1879. They both violated this act by providing information and medical advice to married persons on means of preventing conception. They were both found guilty of aiding clients and were fined 100 dollars each. The appellants claimed that the Connecticut Comstock Act of 1879 violated the Fourteenth Amendment and couple’s right to privacy. Issue: Did the Connecticut statue violate the Fourteenth Amendment, and did the Constitution therefore protect the privacy of married couples?
The book A Civil Action by Jonathan Harr explains the predicament of a lawyer who rejected a case that was very risky and complicated as a personal injury lawyer. Through various legal concepts and terminologies discussed in class, the story details how the judicial system operates. Particularly, the case involves victims of childhood leukemia in the small town of Woburn, Massachusetts, where the city wells have been found to be contaminated with tetrachloroethylene (TCE) — a suspected carcinogen and other industrial byproducts. (Glantz, 1998). Two of the largest corporations, companies names, each with a plant near the wells were accused of being responsible.