In his letter, Dr. King informed his readers about the protests in Birmingham. He explained why the protesters were civilly infringing racist laws and city ordinances; why the protesters had truth and justice; and how he was thwarted with the clergyman and white moderates in the South who said they supported his cause. In his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Dr. King incorporates biblical and historical allusions to give him credibility with his target audience, the clergymen. Additionally, Dr. King subtly asks rhetorical questions and makes logical conclusions to force his audience to consider his strategy of nonviolent resistance to cease racism and oppression. Throughout his piece, Dr. King uses many strong connections to biblical theologians and philosophers that strengthen his appeal and credibility.
While people chose the way of demonstrations to overcome this corruption, some clergymen representatives published a so called Call for Unity in the newspaper. In this appeal they called the process of defending rights of people unwise and untimely. As a response to this claim, Martin Luther wrote his Letter from Birmingham Jail, reflecting the African American desire to get
On page 285 King says, “Supreme Court 's decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws” King’s allusion reinforces the facts of his argument by directing the critical event of the decision made in 1954. It shows that the decisions that are being made are not helping the problem that Birmingham has, it is only making the segregation problems worse. It’s efficient because it shows that the courts have been making laws that are what the called just but, in reality, they are anything, but just they are unjust laws that shouldn’t be
was the lack of negotiation; however Martin Luther King asserts that his attempt at negotiating failed. After meeting with the political officials of Birmingham an agreement was made by the officials to remove signs that promoted segregation. When the promises of the political officials were unfulfilled measures had to be taken to continue the mission of equal treatment. Martin Luther King Jr. also points out to his criticizers that negotiation leads to strain and tension between the two opposing sides. Tension provides a forceful hand to get demands met and to demonstrate standing firm when promises are broken.
The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. It says that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust laws and to take direct action rather than waiting potentially forever for justice to come through the courts. Responding to being referred to as an “outsider,” King writes, “Injustice anywhere is threat to justice everywhere”. The letter, written during the 1963 Birmingham campaign, was widely published, and became an important text for the American Civil Rights Movement.
Civil Disobedience Compare and Contrast Henry Thoreau and Martin Luther King both wrote persuasive discussions that oppose many ideals and make a justification of their cause, being both central to their argument. While the similarity is obvious, the two essays, Civil Disobedience by Thoreau and Letter from a Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King Jr. do have some similarities. King tries persuading white, southern clergymen that segregation is an evil, unfair law that ought to defeat by use of agitation of direct protesting. Thoreau, on the other hand, writes to a broader, non-addressed audience, and focuses more on the state itself. He further accepts it at its current state, in regard to the battle with Mexico and the institution of slavery.
Moreover, King uses these three rhetorical elements to express the treatment African Americans faced, the unjust laws by using examples back in history to show that these laws were not right at all, and his reason as to why he is in Birmingham due to the racial inequality whites have shown towards negroes. King main idea of his letter is “Injustice anywhere will be a threat to justice everywhere.” (King 1) Therefore, King is using this letter as a way of saying we have to protest racism and injustice, but we cannot do it violently because then that will be considered unjust too. Martin Luther King uses a tone of righteousness to talk about the right versus the wrong and explaining why what he is doing is correct. So, he is also making an ethical appeal, meaning he is talking about ethics and showing that he is a credible person. King is a person of character with an
Laws have maintained the order and stability of society from old days of ancient civilization to today’s contemporary society. As law-abiding citizens, we allow the laws to be enforced through punishments and consequences; however, when these laws threaten ethical values and justice, they are challenged in a non-violent method known as “civil disobedience.” In Sophocles’ Antigone, Antigone challenged the political authority of Creon in a defiant act that related the struggles between her duty as a citizen of Thebes and her loyalty to her family. In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” written by Martin Luther King, Jr., King protests racial injustices and systemic racism throughout the South and laments the need for civil disobedience to be used
Ancient literature serves as a revolutionary inspiration for modern civilization. Consider the play “Antigone” by Sophocles, Antigone is a symbol of justice and sacrifice towards the minority, and a symbol of chaos and destruction towards the government. Presently, it is believed that books or plays like these (about revolution) have been banned in fear of people starting their own revolutions. For example, in Thailand people have been arrested for doing the three fingered salute from the book, The Hunger Games. Do not be blind to the effects of what a few pages can actually cause.
In the text, “Civil Rights Leaders: Martin Luther King Jr., it states, “King eloquently spelled out his theory of nonviolence: Nonviolent action seeks to create a crisis, so that a community is forced to confront the issue and deal with it.” This piece of text evidence reinforces that Martin Luther King was anguished by the violence that was happening and didn’t want the world to be an unsafe and cruel. As a result, MLK spent his time and efforts, trying to rehabilitate society and make a peaceful world for everyone. He wanted people to be kind and peaceful when it came to standing up for themselves. He wanted there to be nonviolent protests and therefore, was resolute in his belief to end a violent and unkind world. MLK thought that if there is no violence, then people will approach an issue and solve it right away without being aggressive.
Yadata Osman Dr. Robinson Survey of Philosophy of Thought 11/30/2015 Paper 2 There have been many unjust laws throughout history. Citizens obey the laws because they are enacted by the leaders of government. The opinions against laws are expected and tolerated to an extent. People must obey laws even if they disagree or they face consequences for not adhering to the law. I believe that King wrote the Letter from Birmingham Jail to make his readers question and interpret whether or not a law is just.
Martin Luther King Martin Luther King harped on civil disobedience for any moral arguments. Treating citizens differently based on skin color was nefarious, King wished to speak out to change but insisted on non-violent acts to do so. He expressed his thoughts in the “I Have a Dream” speech publically in a passive fashion. This passionate, positive and encouraging speech flourished King’s views and changed the American government’s unjust laws. Although, King did not use destructive force to get his point across, he did break some laws.
Others might say all leaders are rebels because they perform illegal actions to get what they want. For example, King, Martin Luther Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail, states, “But I am sure that if I had lived in Germany during this time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers even though it was illegal.” This means Mr.King would’ve helped unexplored Jews in Hitler 's Germany even if it meant going against the law. This shows Mr.King, a leader representing rebellion as he states he wouldn 't have a problem braking authority. Nevertheless not all leaders are rebels. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Founding Statement, states, “nonviolence nurtures the atmosphere in which reconciliation and justice become actual
He says, ““it would be a betrayal of everything Reverend Pinckney stood for, I believe, if we allow ourselves to slip into a comfortable silence again.” He goes on to state, “That’s what we so often do to avoid uncomfortable truths about the prejudice that still infects our society.” This is a call to action by the president for the nation to not forget about this incident. We cannot become quiet about this disaster as we have done for many others. Pinckney would want us to work towards eliminating this bias. The group singing of “Amazing Grace” was one of Obama’s uses of pathos. This has a unifying effect and makes the speech feel heartfelt.
In The Universal Declaration of Human Rights it states in article two that regardless of the government, everyone is entitled to the same law and shouldn’t be discriminated by gender or race. The Letter from a Birmingham Jail written by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Dr. King expresses his feelings about racism using pathos and how everyone is suffering from this issue in society. On the other hand, Malala also uses pathos in her speech to the United Nation about women’s rights towards education and how their rights are taken away because of their gender. Though these two extremists are fighting for different reasons, they connect to each other because they both believe in equality and have a desire to make a difference in many parts of the world. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that despite the government, everyone is entitled to the same law and shouldn’t be discriminated based on race.