This diagram illustrates the chain of command when a traditional procurement route is used in a project Management There are many different routes within the management route such as management contracting, design and management and construction management. Management contracting When this route is used, a professional team and a management contractor are hired by the client. Their duty is to, during design stage, advice the team. During construction their role is ensure the work being carried out is done to the correct specification. This method allows an early start on site and gives the client flexibility to change design during construction.
Civil engineers are essential for a community to sustain its growth. Horikawa (2009) defined engineers as the people who build structures to satisfy the needs of humans in their life by applying science and mathematics as a process. When the knowledge, experience, science and mathematics are combined, the building of structures, machines, numerous products, and systems are controlled. Also, civil engineers provide solutions to improve the infrastructures of a community for the nation to become more active on its living (Maschke, 2012). It involves the building of bridges, finding the easiest ways for transportation and building structures for their economy.
To achieve these objectives during the implementation stage of a construction project, an efficient field management system is required to be developed for cost control, material management, human resource management, safety management and quality assurance. In addition , a regular Management Information System is needed at this stage for co-ordination and monitoring of activities of different participating agencies. The implementation of a construction project is started with the setting up of the basic infrastructural facilities like water supply, electricity, approach road, communication system and security. Human resources required directly on job as skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled labour, technicians and supervisory staff are engaged and institutional framework for accounting is made operative. Many of these activities come under the preview of the contractors, who are entrusted with construction work.
First, engineers apply scientific and mathematical theory to practical ends such as the design, manufacture, and operation of efficient and economical structures, machines, processes, and systems( Koslowsky 464 ). Engineers play the role in designing everyday things like roads, buildings, and cars. Second, Engineering contributes to society in another way. Second, The process of scoping a problem, developing the solution, examining associated risks and costs, and testing, implementing, and maintaining the chosen solution gives humanity the tools for making decisions concerning social values. (Koslowsky 466 ).
Civil engineers usually deal with the designing, planning and management of projects and they have to make sure they meet the client’s requirement. They get to work in different environments ranging from modern offices to rural areas where temporary accommodation is provided. Some engineers work in offices and some may have to go out to site to monitor or solve problems on that site. Clients tend to change their minds when it comes to designs and the engineer has to approve the changes and make sure the changes are done. They also have to interact effectively with colleagues, architects, sub-contractors, contracting civil engineers and clients to reach a common goal.
Civil engineers supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. A mechanical engineer is someone who designs researches, builds and tests mechanical and thermal sensors and devices.
Importance of communication in Engineering. Engineering discipline is a field that requires its individuals to be equipped with advanced scientific and technical knowledge. The main aim is to enable them to carry out their primary role which is the application of science and mathematics to come up with solutions in the form of designs that will solve present daily challenges faced by the masses. Therefore the craft of coming up with such ground breaking solutions and actually making them a success require thorough and effective communication skills. This essay will examine the importance of communication in general in the engineering field, the importance of technical communication and the effects of poor technical communication.
Architecture is the best when it is concentrated . Buildings today, as he says, are designed with a very good deal of effort to give them a special form. Architects make it too obvious and sometimes that leads to the overdesign of a simple space. “Good architecture should receive the human visitor, should enable him to experience it but should not constantly talk at him.” Case Study: Peter Zumthor, Therme Vals Therme Vals creates a sensory experience utilizing bold materials and playful light. Experiential enclosures derive from manipulation of phenomenal design features.
A planner is an important person or a group of persons in any domain. He or she is likely to be employed in urban planning, vent planning, resource planning and most critically policy planning which is done on a national level to run a country. A planner works with every stakeholder involved with the organization. Planners work with consultants who provide professional advices to make better policies by understanding the intricacies of a particular craft. He often interacts with business groups to get a hang of the current business scenarios.
Introduction When it comes to site planning everything needs to run smoothly to have a good effective workforce performing to their best abilities. Site layouts should show a good relationship proposed of surroundings with respect to communication, approaches and existing facilities. Good planning should decrease the time and cost of moving plant, labour and materials. Proper storage of materials and location too were they are meant to be built helps save time and keeps the site neater. Before construction commences a site layout should be drawing up with a good knowledge where things should be put.