Civil Engineering Definition

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Civil Engineering is a profession that has been around ever since the beginning of civilization. In definition, civil engineering is the area of engineering that deals with the urbanization of land. This area of engineering is extremely diverse; therefore, it is only natural for such a vast degree to have different subareas; each of which deals with a different part and aspect of urbanization. In general, the major civil engineering specializations include: Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Construction Materials Engineering, and Construction Management. Summarizing these areas briefly, structural engineering is the engineering or designing…show more content…
Water resource engineering, just like many other branches of civil engineering, has been around ever since the beginning of history. In Roman civilization, aqueducts, which are small deviations from a water body, were created by Romanian engineers in order to allow water entrance into certain areas or villages. Moreover, massive canals with dams and deviations were constructed by engineers in ancient China to channel water for irrigation. According to Prakash (2004), water resource engineering provides practical solutions to problems commonly faced in the fields of hydraulics, hydropower, groundwater, hydrology, hydraulic design, remedial investigation, and environmental impact. Water resource engineers design and oversee the construction of water management systems. The importance of water management systems can be illustrated easily in countries where rivers are a major source for hydration. In water-stressed countries, water resource engineers work alongside with the government in order to manage and distribute water efficiently among the citizens, industries, and companies as well. Furthermore, it is important to realize that not all water resources are safe and sanitary enough for public use and distribution. In these cases, water resource engineers play a very important role by designing facilities, reservoirs, and treatment tanks…show more content…
According to Matthew and Krishna (2007), transportation engineers focus on the interaction between the activity systems of a region and transportation. This approach is used to intervene, deliberately and skilfully, in the intricate fabric of society to effectively use transport in sync with other private and public

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