King played an extremely vital role in the civil rights movement. He conducted the movement, with the help of Bayard Rustin’s help, through the philosophy of civil disobedience, a message of nonviolence that King acquired from Mahatma Gandhi. Dr. King delivered numerous speeches and led several civil marches. On August 28, 1963 lead a march that consisted of about 250,000 marchers from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial. There, Martin Luther King deliver his I have a dream speech.
James L. Farmer . (January 12 , 1920-July 9 , 1999) was a civil rights activist and a leader in the American civil rights movement “who pushed for nonviolent protest to dismantle segregation” , And he served alongside Martin Luther King Jr. (He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 freedom ride) , which eventually led to the Desegregation of inter-state transportation in the united states of America. James L. Farmer was interested in Racial Equality , he was the co-founder the Committee Of Racial Equality in Chicago with George Houser and Bernice Fisher .
In 1941 (June) President Roosevelt signed the Executive Order (number 8802) barring government officials from engaging in employment discrimination. This was the first presidential action ever to prevent employment discrimination, so as you can tell it was definitely a very big deal. The United States congress established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 35 years ago. The purpose of this was to put into effect Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
One major goal of American Civil Rights Movement was to give all students, regardless of race, an equal education and to stop segregation of schools. In the United States, civil rights are supposed to be for all people. Throughout history, people have had to fight for the segregation of schools to stop. Today, all people enjoy the benefits of the Little Rock Nine and how they stopped segregation in schools. Before the Little Rock Nine event everything was segregated by race.
On August 28, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a famous speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and freedom, this speech was called “I have a dream.” This speech was focused on ending racism and equal rights for African Americans during the civil rights movement. He displays a great amount of pathos, logos, and ethos in his speech. Martin Luther King Jr. displays pathos by targeting the audience’s emotion by talking about his American dream that could also be other peoples too. He shows logos by giving a sense of hope to the people that better things will come in time.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was basically written as a reinforcement of the fifteenth amendment. It does not allow racial discrimination in voting and was officially signed in to law by president at the time, Lyndon B. Johnson on August 6, 1965. South Carolina argued that the protested
“A series of legislative initiatives and decisions made by the Supreme Court of the United States defined the possibilities of affirmative action policy” (Finkelman, 2004). Affirmative action is such a controversial topic which has been brought up in many Supreme Court cases. In Griggs v. Duke Power case in 1971, the court argued “Title VII” bans “not only overt discrimination but also practices which are fair in form but discriminatory in operation.” (Finkelman, 2004). To eliminate discrimination processes under Title VII, all employers began to hire and recruit more minorities.
This peaceful method of protest was influenced by Martin Luther KIng’s teachings. In
The Equal Pay Act (EPA) went into effect on June 10, 1963, and President John F. Kennedy was the first to sign it to be used as a lawful document. Basically by the laws of the EPA, it “Prohibits discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers” (Equal Pay Act of 1963). By definition, it makes pay inequity illegal in all workforces. This way it can abolish segregation performed in jobs that have been claimed to be undervalued.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a US federal law was establishes to protect the employees from discrimination in the workplace, especially when they are applying for a job. It is unlawful for an individual to be fired in his or her job or even refuse to be hired due to his or her race, gender, sexuality, race, color, religion as well as nationality. More than that, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld this Act as a valid exercise of the Congressional power. This Act is an example of rule of law as it prohibits the private discrimination in the public areas. In fact, as a rule of law it measures the protection of individual’s base from the fundamentals of the human rights.
The act therefore was formulated to provide a solution and harmonize working conditions in the United States. The federal law prohibits employers and administrators from discriminating against employees because of their color, origin, religion, sexual orientation and age (McKay, 2017). All of the above rules were formed to streamline working conditions in the United States. The statutes were formed during a time when discrimination was in all walks of life. The government, in response to the widespread discrimination practices, decided to act and provide a solution that would bring to an end to
In 1957, Martin Luther King Jr and 60 other ministers founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. This would help to promote civil rights improvement. Martin met with religious leaders and civil rights leaders all over the country for race issues. Martin Luther King Jr did important things like the creation of Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. King then received a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were two symbolic laws passed by Congress in response to the nonviolent protests, boycotts, demonstrations, and sit-ins. The people were expressing their first amendments rights of freedom of speech and right to peacefully assemble. As a result, the movement managed to end separation by law in American society; however, separation among some citizens remained.
The Civil Rights Act 1964 was first proposed by John F Kennedy. Though there was strong opposition from members of Congress, it was signed into law after Kennedy’s assassination by Lyndon B. Johnson. The Civil Rights Act banned employment and discrimination and public segregation on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin. Upon signing the Civil Rights Act, Lyndon B Johnson spoke and made a speech. With this in mind, he begins by stating what the law meant.