The education tests, Grandfather Clause, and Black Codes all express that Reconstruction was unsuccessful. This was on account of it didn 't finish the objectives of Reconstruction since one of the two fundamental objectives of Reconstruction was to increase social liberties for liberated slaves. Thusly, this turns out to be unsuccessful in light of endeavors at taking without end the privileges of African Americans, which undermined this bigger objective. Through state governments, laws were made which took away the rights that they were attempting to be picked up by African Americans, for example, voting, being able to pick who they work for, and not being oppressed. The motivation behind southern state governments taking endlessly those rights from African Americans was to reproduce servitude and reproduce an arrangement of white pecking order, which in fact had been banned.
Although reconstruction brought essential changes for African American slaves it ultimately failed its purpose of unifying the nation. However, in order to comprehend why reconstruction failed it is important to understand the two phases it underwent. In addition, it is also crucial to look at the different plans that were propose in order to reunify the nation and if they were successful or not. First, phase one the presidential reconstruction was very complex due to the fact that it was carried out by two very divergent presidents and lacked unification. On one hand we had Abraham Lincoln 's plan which consisted of reconstructing and unifying the nation again.
The reconstruction period was a failure because African Americans, mainly males, were not treated with equality although the constitution said that the they were free and had the right to vote, be educated and had the right to liberty, life and the pursuit to happiness. Organizations, like the KKK, were created to harm freed slaves and their families. Laws were created such as the Black Codes restricting former slaves from their rights. African Americans endured a lot of violence over the years. “In Grayson, Texas, a white man and two friends murdered three former slaves because the wanted to ‘ thin the niggers out and drive them to their hole’”.
It was the realization that everything that they had been conditioned to think or react was in fact just a shield to control the what was the “inferior” race in their eyes. Many white Southerners tried to resist the change, claiming they were only helping the black population or keeping balance by “protecting” them from what radical thinking could spring from. Thankfully later on in the century, this racist mindset was brought to light and black civil rights activists became more prominent figures as they fought for equal opportunities. A battle that had arguably happened much later than it should have, set off by the works and efforts of those like Griffin, who went against the flow of societal norms in risky experiments. So while there were flaws and mistakes in John Griffin’s experiment in Black Like Me, that same experiment helped bring the mindset of many inside and even outside of the South into a better, less deprived view of the world around them with some resistance.
Our war is not to defend democracy, but to get a democracy we’ve never had.” A young soldier wrote a letter to the NAACP “If I fight, suffer, or die it will be for the freedom of every black man to live equally with other races. If the life of the Negro in the United States is right as it is lived today, then I would rather be dead” (Takaki 23). Camp conditions for black soldiers were degrading, they could not go to church services, and other training programs were segregated. Despite these conditions, African Americans contributed significantly to the war effort with support work and had some of the toughest battalions, including the well-respected 99th Pursuit Squadron and 332nd Fighter Group. In 1941, President Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 8802 which prohibited the discrimination of workers in the defense or Government because of race, creed, color, or national origin.
slaves wherever they were, this new change brought great difficulty to the Southern black population. The Purpose of the Reconstruction Era was to create a society where blacks and whites could co-exist with slavery. Blacks did not know how to be free and whites did not know how to have freed slaves around them. The south saw the Reconstruction Plan as a humiliating, even vengeful imposition and did not welcome it. After the war, many teachers from the south and north worked to educate the newly emancipated population.
He appointed a cabinet composed of Northerners and Southerners and hoped to keep peace between the country’s pro-slavery and anti-slavery people, but it created lots of tension. People were accusing James of being biased to the southern colony interests and slavery issue. Two days after being in office, the U.S. Supreme Court gave a document that stated, “The federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories and denied African Americans the rights of U.S. citizens.” He hoped that the document would resolve the slavery issue, but he, “reportedly pressured a Northern justice to vote with the Southern majority in the case.” Then, the southerners were contempt, but the northerners were protesting, which led to diversity. Each had complete different opinions, and it was just getting everybody upset. Buchanan made the Northerners even more angry by supporting the Lecompton Constitution, which would have allowed Kansas to become a slave state, but it was voted down and Kansas became a part of the Union.
The Civil War is a big part of our nation today. It helped us understand that everyone should be treated equal. Abraham Lincoln was president during this time and he launched the anti-slavery movement against the southern states which was during the 1860s. The civil war brought down slavery which was a big part of the United States back then. The northern part of America did not like the ways the south had and treated slaves.
This was called the Grandfather Clause. These laws were hard to get around and go through because many African Americans did not have the money to afford the poll tax and many could not pass the literacy tests because they were not provided with adequate education. In addition, many African American’s grandparents were in enslavement, therefore unable to vote. These inabilities, segregation, and discrimination caused African Americans to be upset and start the Civil Rights Movement and made them want to fight for the rights and goals that they believed in. They would fight until they were satisfied with justice coming about and prevailing (Document 3).
The KKK was out to get any person who helped during the Reconstruction. Northerners were tired of the South’s resistance. A state Senator of Caswell, John W. Stephens, was fatally stabbed to death by members of the Ku Klux Klan because he wanted change for America. People who wanted America to change were usually killed or silenced by organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan. Anyone who supported congressmen from the South who did not want to end this problem was “…a coward, a traitor, or a fool.” (Document 3) The Klansmen created terror in Southern communities by targeting African American officials, making the community more vulnerable.